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Advantages and disadvantage of mechanistic and organic structure

Advantages and Benefit of Mechanistic Organization Benefit of specialization In mechanistic organization, activities are divided into different groups on the basis of common nature. Works are divided among the subordinates on the basis of their skills and efficiency.

The use of specialization helps for proper utilization of resources and maximization of productivity.

  • Formal structure and new venture performance in emerging economic sectors;
  • It does not consult with subordinates in decision making process;
  • Mechanistic structures are rigid and bureaucratic and help companies achieve efficiency, while organic structures are decentralized, flexible, and aid companies in achieving innovativeness;
  • Relationships of tall and flat organization structures to the satisfactions of foreign managers.

In my previous post I have written about the features and characteristic of mechanistic organization. You can read this post if you like. Proper discipline In this organization structure top level management has centralized power. There is system of chain of command from top level to subordinate levels. Subordinates are responsible for their immediate superiors.

Therefore, all the subordinates perform activities according to best of their ability. Minimize supervision cost In mechanistic organization, works are divided among the employees on the basis of their specialization. It means right job is assigned to the right person.

It helps to minimize supervision cost as all the subordinates perform activities according to best their capabilities.

  1. Although any structure that is not properly managed will be plagued with issues, some organizational models are better equipped for particular environments and tasks.
  2. These elements of structure affect the degree to which the company is effective and innovative as well as employee attitudes and behaviors at work. Organizing tasks and employees produces a company structure.
  3. At the same time, there may be some challenges associated with flat structures. Many companies find that the centralization of operations leads to inefficiencies in decision making.
  4. Keeping the size of the organization constant, tall structures have several layers of management between frontline employees and the top level, while flat structures consist of only a few layers. However, there is no mechanism of maintaining coordination over their performance.

Quick decision and implementation In this organization only top level management involves in decision making process. It does not consult with subordinates in decision making process. Therefore, quick decision and its implementation become possible. And in this competitive market environment, quick decision and its implementation is essential for business success.

Network position There is the provision of network of position in management hierarchy.

7.3 Organizational Structure

Top level management provides instruction and guidance to middle level managers, middle level managers to lower level managers and again lower level managers to operating level employees.

This network is taken into consideration while communicating information.

It helps for timely flow of information. Fixation of responsibility In this organizational structure, each individual has given specific responsibility on the basis of ability. He can neither transfer job to others nor avoid it. Thus, the concerned employee needs to accomplish given job himself. It develops the feeling of self responsibility among the employees.

Mechanistic Organizational Structure

Effective management It is a bureaucratic form of organization structure. In this organization, there are specific rules, regulation, policies and working system. The top level management has sole authority in decision making process. Therefore, manager can manage the organization in effective way. Disadvantages of Mechanistic Organization Work overload on manager In mechanistic organization there is the provision of centralized authority and decision making authority is vested in top level manager.

Besides, manager needs to involve in day to day supervision and guidance. Hence it maximizes work overload on manager due to which he can not involve in creative and innovative works.

Autocratic leadership Mechanistic organization emphasizes to autocratic leadership. The system of delegation of authority to subordinates on the basis of given responsibility is not prevail. Subordinates need to accomplish given job. They have no right to provide suggestion and information to manager.

It does not support for expansion and diversification of business. Static and rigid It is a static, rigid and tightly controlled structure.

  1. It helps to minimize supervision cost as all the subordinates perform activities according to best their capabilities. In this situation, a more authoritative organizational structure is needed where subordinates respond to orders immediately.
  2. Understand the advantages and disadvantages of mechanistic and organic structures for organizations.
  3. Only top level manager are involved in decision making process.
  4. They viewed workplaces like machines. Minimize supervision cost In mechanistic organization, works are divided among the employees on the basis of their specialization.

It emphasizes on standardized activities. There is no provision of change in working system and procedures on the basis of changing environment of the society. In such cases it is more difficult to adapt the organizational activities in dynamic environment.

More formalization There is provision of rules, regulation and policies for official activities. All subordinates need to work in accordance of specified rules and policies of the organization.

The Disadvantages of an Organic Organizational Structure

They cannot use their skill and efficiency while doing work. The fulfillment of more formalization makes difficulty for quick decision and smooth functioning of the organization. Impractical decision There is no provision of participation of subordinates in decision making process. They have no right to provide suggestion and information to managers at the time of taking decision. Only top level manager are involved in decision making process. Since limited persons are involved in decision making, there is possibility of impractical decision.

One way communication It emphasizes in autocratic leadership. The information is communicated vertically only from top level to subordinate levels. Here only the manager provides information of instruction and guidance to subordinates.

What Are the Benefits of Mechanistic Models of Structure?

Such one way system of communication does not support for smooth functioning of the organization. Difficult for coordination In this structure, specific work is assigned to individuals on the basis of their skills. They perform the given task properly.

However, there is no mechanism of maintaining coordination over their performance. Hence top level management needs to spend more time. Focus on authority It is a bureaucratic type of organization structure. There is the system of hierarchical chain of command from top level to subordinate levels. It emphasizes on manager's authority rather than expertise of employees. Every subordinate needs to follow the instruction of superiors even though they are inefficient.

  • Employee job descriptions are broader and employees are asked to perform duties based on the specific needs of the organization at the time as well as their own expertise levels;
  • Academy of Management Journal, 37, 932—956;
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