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Albany plan union why not put into effect

World History Albany Plan of Union The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal made at the Albany Congress back in aimed at a formation of a strong union of the colonies under one single government and direction. The need was justified because of the necessity for defense against the threats and consequences posed by the infamous French and Indian War. It was proposed by Benjamin Franklin, and was among the many plans presented by the different delegates that participated in the Albany Congress.

Grand Council The Albany Congress formed a committee that was tasked to carefully consider the different plans and proposals. The proposal called for a general government that will be administered by a President General appointed and fully supported by the Crown.

It also called for a Grand Council where the members are chosen by representatives coming from the colonial assemblies.

Reasons and Motives for the Albany Plan of Union, [July 1754]

As anticipated, there were many objections debated by the different sides, as difficulties presented on the table were all addressed and resolved. In the end, it was unanimous; Albany Congress delegates finally adopted the proposal themselves. Looking to the Future The Plan had all the makings of great things to come. It was foreseen that the idea is noteworthy in most aspects. Franklin, to begin with had anticipated many of the serious problems that will pose risks to a post-independence government.

Albany Plan of Union

Among the issues that could well derail national development would be finance, control of commerce activities, national defense, and most especially, dealing with the different Indian tribes. If one is to dig deeper, the plan had the perfect ingredients for a true union.

Many of the great ideas were to be revived and later adopted in Philadelphia. Chief Benjamin Chew Photo by: Chrisfromcali Creative Commons It is worth noting that the plan was flatly rejected by both sides.

It was never acceptable to them in the first place. Most of the people, and the colonial assemblies in general are thinking backwards and very suspicious of the idea of a central taxing authority. On the other side of the line, many personalities in the British government are never in favor of a consolidation of additional power at their disposal.

  1. That for these purposes they have power to make laws, and lay and levy such general duties, imposts, or taxes, as to them shall appear most equal and just considering the ability and other circumstances of the inhabitants in the several Colonies , and such as may be collected with the least inconvenience to the people; rather discouraging luxury, than loading industry with unnecessary burdens.
  2. That the particular military as well as civil establishments in each Colony remain in their present state, the general constitution notwithstanding; and that on sudden emergencies any Colony may defend itself, and lay the accounts of expense thence arising before the President-General and General Council, who may allow and order payment of the same, as far as they judge such accounts just and reasonable. Yet no money to issue but by joint orders of the President-General and Grand Council; except where sums have been appropriated to particular purposes, and the President-General is previously empowered by an act to draw such sums.
  3. They should also have a power to restrain the exportation of provisions to the enemy from any of the colonies, on particular occasions, in time of war.
  4. That they raise and pay soldiers and build forts for the defence of any of the Colonies, and equip vessels of force to guard the coasts and protect the trade on the ocean, lakes, or great rivers; but they shall not impress men in any Colony, without the consent of the Legislature.
  5. That there shall be a new election of the members of the Grand Council every three years; and, on the death or resignation of any member, his place should be supplied by a new choice at the next sitting of the Assembly of the Colony he represented. That all military commission officers, whether for land or sea service, to act under this general constitution, shall be nominated by the President-General; but the approbation of the Grand Council is to be obtained, before they receive their commissions.

One reason for this was that they are already well aware of these strong-willed colonial assemblies and their absolute resolutions. The British government instead preferred that colonists should focus more on the planned military campaign. The Board of Trade for their part, never sought any official approval from the Crown. They instead proposed that the colonial governors and their respective councils should facilitate in the efforts of raising armies and the building of forts.

The money needed for these activities will come from the Treasury of Great Britain, and would be later reimbursed through an Act of Parliament that would tax America. But such things were never meant to be.

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