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An introduction to the geography of malaysia

Malaysia is located in the equatorial regionand has a tropical rainforest climate.

  • The southwest monsoon originates from the deserts of Australia;
  • The coastline of 1,400 miles 2,250 km is paralleled inland by a 900-mile l,450-km boundary with Kalimantan;
  • Eastern Malaysia shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia;
  • Most of the population chooses to live on the coastal plains;
  • Read about Malaysia's nature and wildlife , weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts.

Located near the equatorMalaysia's climate is categorised as equatorialbeing hot and humid throughout the year. Climate change is likely to have a significant effect on Malaysia, increasing sea levels and rainfall, increasing flooding risks and leading to large droughts. The Northeast Monsoon brings in more rainfall compared to the Southwest Monsoon, [4] originating in China and the north Pacific. The southwest monsoon originates from the deserts of Australia.

March and October form transitions between the two monsoons.

Atlas of Malaysia

The lowlands have a similar temperature, but follow a more distinctive rainfall pattern and show very high humidity levels. The highlands are cooler and wetter, and display a greater temperature variation. The lowest temperature Official was recorded at Cameron Highlands on 1 February 1978 at 7.

Malaysia is located on the Sunda shelfand is tectonically inactive. The oldest rocks in the country date from 540 million years ago, and are mostly sedimentary. The most common form of rock is limestoneformed during the Paleozoic Era. Limestone laid down in East Malaysia during the Tertiary period has since eroded, and such erosion forms basins of sedimentary rocks rich in oil and natural gas.

Malaysia - Geography and Maps

The mountain ranges in Malaysia were formed through orogenesis beginning in the Mesozoic era. The two distinct parts of Malaysia, separated from each other by the South China Seashare a largely similar landscape in that both West Peninsular and East Malaysia feature coastal plains rising to hills and mountains.

  • Soil erosion is always a danger on sloping ground, where such preventive measures as building contour embankments or planting protective cover crops are required;
  • See Article History Malaysia, country of Southeast Asia , lying just north of the Equator , that is composed of two noncontiguous regions;
  • March and October form transitions between the two monsoons;
  • Soil erosion is always a danger on sloping ground, where such preventive measures as building contour embankments or planting protective cover crops are required;
  • Malaysia is located on the Sunda shelf , and is tectonically inactive.

The coastal plains bordering the straits of Malacca are the most densely populated areas of Malaysia, and contains Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur. There are only two major cities, Kuching and Kota Kinabalu. Much of southern Sarawak is coastal lowlands, which shifts to a series of plateaus going north, ending in the mountainous regions of Sabah.

Geography of Malaysia

The highest mountain range in Malaysia is the Crocker Range in Sabah, which divides the state in half. This range includes Mount Kinabaluthe highest mountain in the country, [8] as well as Mount Tambuyukonthe third highest in the country.

Mount Kinabalu, at 4,095. The mountains contain many jagged limestone peaks. Bombalai Hill in Sabah is the only active volcano in Malaysia.

  1. Malaysia also has many islands and reefs with Labuan being the largest island.
  2. While the British were in control, they developed the industries of rubber and tin production.
  3. The area would change hands to the Dutch in 1641 and then to the British in 1795. The coastline of 1,400 miles 2,250 km is paralleled inland by a 900-mile l,450-km boundary with Kalimantan.
  4. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Malaysia. You can buy tickets for a fixed price at one of the taxi counters at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.
  5. The Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur , lies in the western part of the peninsula, about 25 miles 40 km from the coast; the administrative centre, Putrajaya , is located about 16 miles 25 km south of the capital.

Peninsular Malaysia contains numerous mountain ranges running parallel from north to south along the peninsula. These mountains are heavily forested, and mainly composed of granite. The range is the origin of some of Peninsular Malaysia's river systems. Malaysia is relative flat, with most of its mountains is not very tall, which is good for rainforest to flourish.