Homeworks academic service

An introduction to the issue of dangerous drugs in the united states

Written by Casa Palmera Staff Drug abuse and addiction has been a social problem in America for nearly a century.

Principles of Adolescent Substance Use Disorder Treatment: A Research-Based Guide

What may be surprising is that many of these illegal drugs were first introduced by doctors as legal over-the-counter and prescription medications. Before the Civil War marijuana was a major source of revenue for the U. Marijuana was widely used as a medicinal drug from 1850 to 1937 and could even be purchased over the counter in pharmacies and general stores. Marijuana became an attractive alternative to alcohol after the price of alcohol was raised in 1920.

In the 1930s, studies began to emerge that linked marijuana use by lower class communities to crime and violence, leading to the eventual banning of marijuana in 1937.

The History of Illegal Drugs in America

In the 1960s, marijuana use became a popular drug of choice among white Beatniks, and stricter penalties for marijuana offenses were passed under the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. Since then, citizens and politicians alike have pushed to have marijuana decriminalized, but it remains an illegal drug in the U. Marijuana was, however, legalized for medical use in California in 1966 for people with serious illnesses, and medical marijuana still remains legal in some states.

History of Methamphetamine in America The stimulant amphetamine first became popular in the medical community in the 1920s, where it was used for stimulating the central nervous system, raising blood pressure, and enlarging nasal passages.

Amphetamines were widely distributed to soldiers during World War II to combat fatigue and improve endurance and mood, and were prescribed by doctors after the war to help fight depression. Amphetamine abuse began during the 1930s when it became an over-the-counter inhalant drug marketed under the name Benzedrine. As more and more people legally used amphetamines, an illegal black market began to emerge.

The History of Prescription Drugs

Illegal amphetamines were used commonly by truck drivers who wanted to stay alert on long commutes and athletes looking to improve their performance. Students also began taking illicit amphetamines to help them study. The practice of injecting amphetamines gained popularity in the 1960s, which led the emergence of underground labs that were mainly controlled by outlaw motorcycle groups.

During the 1970s, amphetamine use began to decline due to increased public awareness of its dangers and remained on a decline until the 1990s when crystal methamphetamine, a smokable form of methamphetamine, emerged. Since then, crystal meth has remained a popular drug of choice for three main types of users: History of Cocaine in America Cocaine was a popular medical drug in Europe for decades before it became popular in America.

By 1902 there were an estimated 200,000 cocaine addicts in the U. Cocaine was finally outlawed in 1914 and declined in usage over the decades until it regained popularity in the 1970s as a recreational, glamorized drug, eventually reaching its peak in 1982 with 10.

Crack became a popular alternative to cocaine in urban and working-class areas because it was much cheaper than cocaine. This led the psychiatric community to become interested in LSD for its possible therapeutic capabilities for depressed, psychotic and epileptic patients.

Illegal use of LSD began to escalate during the late 1950s and 1960s as mental health professionals and research study participants began to distribute the drug among their friends. LSD was only available through connections to the medical field until 1962, when a black market for LSD emerged in America. LSD use declined in the 1970s and 1980s, but reemerged in the 1990s in the rave subculture along with other hallucinogens.

  1. The second major wave of opiate addiction in America began in the 1930s and 1940s Harlem jazz scene, and again during the Beatnik subculture of the 1950s.
  2. But what about the drug-inspired creations of artists like Dali and the Beatles. This post-war era brings with it affluence, social change and mass use of medicines and drugs.
  3. Because there were few alternative therapeutics or painkillers until the 19th century, opium was somewhat of a medical panacea. The prevention of pollination and the trimming of top leaves to produce dwarfing enhances the content of resin at plant maturity.
  4. In 2012, voters in the states of Colorado and Washington passed initiatives legalizing marijuana for adults 21 and older under state law. In 2012 Colorado and Washington became the first states to enacted laws that legalize marijuana for recreational use, and since then several other states have done the same.
  5. Amphetamines These stimulants are of three types having closely related actions on the nervous system.

The opiate-based drug morphine was created in 1803 and widely used during the American Civil War as an injectable pain reliever, leading to the first wave of morphine addiction.

Interestingly, the drug heroin was created in 1895 and marketed three years later as a potential solution to the increasing problem of morphine addiction. James Society even mailed free samples of heroin to morphine addicts as part of a campaign against morphine addiction. As a result, heroin addiction began to take root and grow.

The second major wave of opiate addiction in America began in the 1930s and 1940s Harlem jazz scene, and again during the Beatnik subculture of the 1950s.

During the Vietnam War, heroin abuse became rampant among U.

Heroin users began smoking and snorting heroin after improvements were made in the purity of street heroin in the 1980s and 1990s. As a result, heroin usage rose significantly in the 1990s.

  1. Estimates of cures based upon decades of such government-regulated procedures range from 1 to 15 percent. Renewed decriminalization efforts in the 1990s led to the legalization of medicinal marijuana in more than a dozen states, including Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.
  2. A Substantial portion of these Americans were using marijuana nearly every day in the past 12 months.
  3. In the 1960s LSD was proposed as an aid in the treatment of neurosis with special interest in cases recalcitrant to the more conventional psychotherapeutic procedures. Coca plants are under cultivation in Sri Lanka , India, and Java.
  4. Unless sifted and powdered, hashish appears in a hardened, brownish form with the degree of darkness indicating strength. Methadone treatment, then, rests on these two pharmacological actions.