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Can i use quotes in a research paper

Punctuating with quotation marks Introducing a quotation One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text.

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Don't simply drop quotations into your paper and leave it to the reader to make connections. Integrating a quotation into your text usually involves two elements: Notice how a transitional phrase also serves to connect the quotation smoothly to the introductory statement. Ross 1993in her study of poor and working-class mothers in London from 1870-1918 [signal], makes it clear that economic status to a large extent determined the meaning of motherhood [assertion].

  • The general rule is that a paper should include less than 20 percent quoted material;
  • Generally speaking, you should cite the author by last name only—as Brand, not Michael Brand or Mr.

Among this population [connection], "To mother was to work for and organize household subsistence" p. The signal can also come after the assertion, again with a connecting word or phrase: Illness was rarely a routine matter in the nineteenth century [assertion].

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As [connection] Ross observes [signal], "Maternal thinking about children's health revolved around the possibility of a child's maiming or death" p. Formatting Quotations Short direct prose Incorporate short direct prose quotations into the text of your paper and enclose them in double quotation marks: According to Jonathan Clarke, "Professional diplomats often say that trying to think diplomatically about foreign policy is a waste of time.

  1. You can check your paper or thesis for plagiarism in less than 10 minutes?
  2. It is academically dishonest to alter the meaning of a sentence to match your argument using these methods. When attributing a quote to an author in your text, the following verbs will prove helpful.
  3. Three reasons for quoting 1. Using meaningful quotes sparingly can add worth to your writing.

Rules about the minimum length of block quotations, how many spaces to indent, and whether to single- or double-space extended quotations vary with different documentation systems; check the guidelines for the system you're using.

Quotation of Up to 3 Lines of Poetry Quotations of up to 3 lines of poetry should be integrated into your sentence. Quotation of More than 3 Lines of Poetry More than 3 lines of poetry should be indented. As with any extended indented quotation, do not use quotation marks unless you need to indicate a quotation within your quotation.

How to quote sources in an essay

Punctuating with Quotation Marks Parenthetical citations With short quotations, place citations outside of closing quotation marks, followed by sentence punctuation period, question mark, comma, semi-colon, colon: Menand 2002 characterizes language as "a social weapon" p. With block quotations, check the guidelines for the documentation system you are using.

Commas and periods Place inside closing quotation marks when no parenthetical citation follows: Hertzberg 2002 notes that "treating the Constitution as imperfect is not new," but because of Dahl's credentials, his "apostasy merits attention" p.

Semicolons and colons Place outside of closing quotation marks or after a parenthetical citation. Menand 2001 acknowledges that H.

How to Quote a Source

Fowler's Modern English Usage is "a classic of the language," but he asks, "Is it a dead classic? How many students actually read the guide to find out what is meant by "academic misconduct"? Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: According to Hertzberg 2002Dahl gives the U.

Constitution "bad marks in 'democratic fairness' and 'encouraging consensus'" p. Adding Clarification, Comment, or Correction Within quotations, use square brackets [ ] not parentheses to add your own clarification, comment, or correction. Use [sic] meaning "so" or "thus" to indicate that a mistake is in the source you're quoting and is not your own.