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Cause and effect of internet addiction research paper

Mohammad Reza Soleymani Dr. Internet addiction is a typical use of the internet that causes the psychological, social, educational, or occupational problems for the people. Students need the internet more than other people due to their educational or research needs. The rate and type of the internet use may affect their information-seeking behavior too.

This study aims to investigate the effect of the internet addiction on the information-seeking behavior of the postgraduate students. This applied study that uses the correlation method.

The research population composed of postgraduate students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, of which were selected using the stratified random sampling as the sample. Research data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics independent-t tests, Pearson correlation coefficient, and variance analysis. Based on the findings, there was no sign of internet addiction among the There was no significant difference between the information-seeking behavior of the male and female respondents.

There was no sign of the internet addiction in any dimension of the information-seeking behavior of the students. This study showed that there is no relationship between the information-seeking behavior of the students and the age and the rate of the internet use. Promoting the network infrastructures and increasing the internet speed as well as facilitating the use of electronic resources should be prioritized by the officials.

Nowadays, many intellectuals consider the information as a powerful source. Producing and disseminating the information in a wide variety of fields has been one of the main reasons for calling the contemporary era as the age of the information and therefore, knowledge has become as one of the most significant elements of human progress and civilization 1.

They carry out a series of activities to find the resources or information channels in order to meet their own information needs, including the information search, research methods, search problems, and its effective factors that totally is called information—seeking behavior 2.

Information-seeking behavior is a process in which people try to change the knowledge position purposefully and nowadays, this kind of behavior should be considered by all human beings 3.

Over the recent years, using the electronic networks has been increased and the internet has changed into one of the main channels of obtaining the information in the universities and higher education centers 5. Internet helps a wide range of the researchers and the students to satisfy their information needs with no physical presence in the libraries or other information centers 6. The results of some studies demonstrate that students utilize the non-printed resources information banks or web resources more than printed resources e.

Quick and easy access to the information is one of the main reasons that users prefer the electronic information resources to the printed information resources. Most of the people spend a lot of time on the non-purposeful search in the internet in the process of searching the scientific information that not only deviates them from their main aim of searching and developing the knowledge boundaries in the universities but also causes the internet addiction 7.

Students use internet more than other people do in order to meet their educational needs. For this reason, they are more prone to the internet addiction. Based on the studies, the excessive use of the internet causes the dangers of the improper use of the internet, education problems, and the lack of participation in the curriculums for the students 9.

Internet addiction may have serious consequences such as changing the lifestyle in order to spend more time on the internet, ignoring the individual health and main activities, reducing the social relationships, ignoring the family and friends, and finally, financial, educational, and physical problems Related work Increased excessive use of the internet has been associated with some problems for the users.

Studies conducted on the students show that internet addiction has been accompanied by major problems such as the educational drop, reduced the curriculum study, cause and effect of internet addiction research paper, reduced interpersonal relationships, reduced physical activities, irregularity, and nutritional diseases 11 - Studies carried out on the pupils and students showed that with the increasing the internet use, prevalence of the internet addiction increases 1215 Few studies 91718 have reported the higher rate of internet addiction in men compared the women.

Moreover, the results show the relationship between the internet addiction and the field of the study 12 Accessing to the information resources and scientific findings, knowledge sharing, scientific relationships between scholars, online learning, accessing to the virtual libraries and so on using the internet increase the importance of the internet network more than expected. Some Studies on information-seeking behavior indicated that the most of the students use the internet for carrying out their research activities, finding the specialized information and obtaining the information that is not found in the printed resources 21 - Various remarkable features of the web and electronic resources such as high rate of production, easy access, low cost and so on compared with those of the printed resources are among the reasons that users now prefer the internet for satisfying their needs more than ever before The results showed that the average use of the electronic resources by the students is more than the printed resources 425 The findings of some studies showed that the most important electronic information resources are full text databases, electronic journals, and electronic books 621 Besides, the results of few studies indicated that the books and periodicals had been the most significant printed resources for satisfying the information needs 27 For easy search and access to the web information, internet search tools were developed that have the new structure and content compared with those of the conventional databases.

Internet search tools are categorized into three groups: Findings showed that using the search engines has been the prevalent method for identifying the web resources 232530 Students encounter a wide range of the problems in the information-seeking process and using the information resources.

These problems may be the individual e. The results showed that network traffic, low speed of internet, improper quality and quantity of the hardware and software facilities and the lack of the access to the original documents have been the main problems of the students in using the internet 2223 Findings showed that the lack of time, the lack of access to the resources and incomplete information resources have been the major problem of the students in searching the information in the libraries 21 Analysis of the conducted studies showed that most of the studies have considered the internet addiction and information-seeking behavior independently and from different aspects.

However, no study has considered the importance of the relationship between these cause and effect of internet addiction research paper variables.

  • Internet addiction can be solved when associations are formed to let it known to the public the harm it causes to stay long by the internet;
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Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effect of the internet addiction on the information-seeking behavior of the students. The research population composed of all postgraduate students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in educational year ofof which were selected using the stratified random sampling as the sample. This questionnaire with 20 items was used for measuring the rate and severity of the internet addiction based on the clinical experiences.

It was developed based on the Likert scale, the score range is The interpretation index of the results includes for lack of the internet addiction, at the risk of the internet addiction, and for internet addiction. This questionnaire has the construct, convergent and discriminative validity and it is used for determining the rate of the internet addiction of the different clinical and normal populations Nastiezaie 35 and Ghasemzadeh 36 have reported its reliability as 0.

The instrument for the information-seeking behavior variable was the researcher-developed questionnaire that was prepared by studying the literature and subject related researches. This questionnaire with 55 items was based on the Likert scale and designed in five parts including the internet as the information source, motivation for using the internet, the rate of using the different kinds of information resources, using the search tools and information-seeking problems.

Face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the librarianship and medical information specialists and its reliability was confirmed using the Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0. Data was collected by physical presence at faculties and was analyzed using the SPSS 20 in two levels of descriptive and inferential statistics.

  1. De Angelis claimed that much of the research done in this subject utilizes self-selected samples with no control groups.
  2. Journal of Information Systems and services. Internet addiction has also made most youth chose role models whose life styles may sometimes influence them negatively.
  3. Razi Journal of Medical Science.

For descriptive statistics the frequency distribution indexes, mean and standard deviation and for inferential statistics, the independent-internet addiction test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and variance analysis were used based on the research questions. Besides, findings showed that there was no sign of internet addiction among the Table 1 shows the results of the independent-t test for comparison of the information-seeking behavior of the male and female students.

Based on the results, there is no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the attitudes toward the web. Additionally, the results of the independent- t test showed that although the rate of using the electronic information resources is more than that of the printed information resources, there is no significant difference between the male and female students in terms of using these kinds of the information resources.

  • Internet addiction among Greek adolescent students;
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Concerning the rate of using the search tools, there was a higher rate of using the search tools by the female students compared to the male students. However, there was a higher rate of using the Meta search engines by the male students compared to the female students.

  1. The findings are original and unique and are based on the literature from different western researches.
  2. Due to this ,most people stay by the internet browsing all day long without feeling exhausted or sometimes feeling hungry. The growth of Internet usage has increased tremendously to
  3. It was developed based on the Likert scale, the score range is Internet addiction has also caused most youth of today the harm of not thinking critically.
  4. Seeking and information Science.

There was no significant difference regarding the use rate of the subject directories and databases by the male and female students. Table 1 Open in a separate window Table 2 shows the results of the variance analysis for comparison of the information-seeking behavior of the students in different faculties.

Based on table 2there is no significant difference between the information-seeking behaviors of the students in different faculties in all dimensions. Table 2 Open in a separate window Table 3 shows the obstacles and problems that students encounter with in using the printed or internet information resources. Based on this table, time limitation in accessing to the non-updated library resources with mean of 3.

In the addition, the most significant limitations in using the internet resources were related to the network traffic and low speed of the internet with mean of 4.

Based on this table, there is no significant difference between the variables of internet addiction and information-seeking behavior with regard to the obtained significance level.

Cause and effect of internet addiction research paper

This indicates that the information-seeking behavior of the students is not affected by the internet addiction in all dimensions of the attitudes toward the web as an information source and the rate of using the printed or internet information resources. Table 4 Open in a separate window 4. The importance of internet technology in the process of education and research cannot be ignored, although, the excessive use of the internet may lead to the virtual addiction or internet addiction that has the behavioral and psychological effects on the users.

This study aimed to determine the relationship between the internet addiction and information-seeking behavior of the postgraduate students of the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Findings of the study show that students have positive attitudes toward the web as an information source so that most of them consider the internet information more available than the printed resources.

They believe that searching and retrieval of the information in the internet is easier than those in the printed resources and internet information is more various than printed information.

This is consistent with the findings of the Razavieh 38 and Vaezi and Noorafroz Findings showed that the main use of the internet information by the students is more than printed information. This is consistent with the results of the studies conducted by Zeinali Kermani 4Wales 25and Vaezi and Noorafroz Availability of the electronic resources, easy search and information retrieval, update high speed, simultaneous use, easy replication and transfer, and low cost are the main reasons that users prefer the internet resources to the printed resources.

Although, the printed resources are still one of the fundamental resources in providing the information for the students, using the internet and electronic resources increases more and more. Thus, libraries and information canters should provide the information resources based on the needs and tendencies of the users. Findings showed that the search engines are the most important tools for searching the electronic information of the students.

Computer/Internet Addiction Symptoms, Causes and Effects

This is consistent with the findings of the studies conducted by Islami 23Vaezi and Noorafroz 26Radad 30and Hsieh-Yee Although, based on the research findings, there is a low rate of using these tools despite the high efficiency of the Meta search engines and subject directories.

Regarding the electronic resources, there are problems such as network traffic, low speed of the internet and lack of the available full text documents. This is consistent with the results of the Vaezi and Noorafroz 26Islami 23and Norouzi 6. Since the access to the information banks is associated with the high costs, low speed of the internet limits the use rate of these valuable information resources and this is one of the major problems that should be considered.

Moreover, the other main problems of the resources in obtaining the information from the printed resources include the time limitation in accessing to the library resources. This is consistent with the results of the studies conducted by Asemi et al. Results show that there is no relationship between the internet addiction and attitudes toward the web.

In other words, the rate of using the internet or even the excessive use has no effect on the information-seeking behavior of the students, although all the students have a positive attitude toward the internet for obtaining the information apart from their sex or faculty.

This positive attitude may result from the easy access to the information, easy retrieval of the information, diverse information resources, updated information, and in some cases free internet services. Therefore, these reasons can contribute to the higher rate of the electronic resources compared to the printed resources. In addition, increasing the working systems and bandwidth of the internet can facilitate the quick access to the electronic information resources and their use.

Because there is lower rate of using cause and effect of internet addiction research paper Meta search engines and subject directories among the students due to their non-familiarity with the remarkable features of this kind of search tools, it is necessary to consider the training workshops for introducing the advanced search tools in universities by the librarianship and medical information specialists. In addition, it is proposed to devote a part of a research curriculum to this field.

Mohammad Reza Soleymani and Asieh Garivani made substantial contribution to conception, design, data analysing, drafting the article.