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Could laws procedures or organizations either national or international have prevented terrorist att

The targeted elimination of US citizen and radical cleric Anwar al-Awlaki for his alleged role as a terrorist affiliate raises troubling international legal questions.

  • With his exercise of arbitrary and undefined power, the US is "sliding toward dictatorship" and falling away from democracy;
  • These issues, combined with a military approach to terrorism, and the spread of fear-inducing propaganda, detract from realistic peace-building solutions.

This article however highlights how the extra-judicial killing of bin Laden by the US military undermines the rule of law and paints an ugly picture of the Obama administration. Open Democracy U.

Reports Mixed Results on Afghan Poppy Crops September 30, Afghanistan modestly reduced its poppy cultivation this year in Helmand province though nationwide production has remained the same or increased. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reports that the decrease is mainly the result of blight, despite a government initiative and Western aid. The report states that increasing poppy prices could undercut the efforts to reduce cultivation in the coming year.

2010 to 2015 government policy: counter-terrorism

Nearly all cultivation occurs in the country's least secure provinces. In this article from Al Jazeera, Mark Levine argues that if a peaceful future is to be secured for Pakistan and the wider world, relief aid is an ill advised area for the US to be fiscally prudent.

He suggests the US "war on terror" needs to be fundamentally rethought to consider relief, rebuilding and the struggle against poverty and hardship.

  • We also use Scientific Advisory Councils to provide independent, expert and strategic advice on the science underpinning specific policies;
  • The new stop and search powers enable the police to protect the public but also make sure that there are strong safeguards to prevent a return to the previous excessive use of stop and search without suspicion;
  • This article however highlights how the extra-judicial killing of bin Laden by the US military undermines the rule of law and paints an ugly picture of the Obama administration;
  • Read more about communications data;
  • It aims to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism.

And in the "multigenerational" campaign against Al-Qaida, more resources should be allocated towards reconstruction, than are used for purposes of destruction. Al Jazeera The Secret Killers: Wikileaks has published the mass of secret U.

Military experts are disquieted by the creation of such global hunter-killer teams who regularly kill civilians in their raids on supposed "targets. The United States has increased military and intelligence operations in a dozen countries. These shadow wars have fuelled anti-American rage; blurred the lines between soldiers and spies;weakened Congressional oversight and led to a reliance on authoritarian foreign leader. They were transferred to a CIA "black site" for two years of interrogation, during which time they could not speak with attorneys or human rights observers.

The AP discovered that top White House, Justice Department, Pentagon and CIA officials were involved in the prisoner transfer, which law professor Jonathon Hafetz called "a shell game to hide detainees from the courts.

The cover's title suggested that such crimes against women would increase if the US-led military force were to leave Afghanistan prematurely. Many have claimed that TIME engaged in "emotional blackmail" and exploited "gender politics to pitch for the status quo-a continued US military involvement.

  1. Yet this suppression of female agency in Pakistan denies the importance of women's equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security. And in the "multigenerational" campaign against Al-Qaida, more resources should be allocated towards reconstruction, than are used for purposes of destruction.
  2. Many have claimed that TIME engaged in "emotional blackmail" and exploited "gender politics to pitch for the status quo-a continued US military involvement. Sector specific guidance documents aimed at owners and operators of crowded places sites are available on the NaCTSO website.
  3. Control orders were repealed and replaced with a more streamlined and less intrusive system. The handbook has been developed with interest and support from national and international partners, and has been developed following the model adopted in the UK Recovery Handbook for Radiation Incidents.
  4. The maintenance of Guantanamo is just one of the ways in which this administration continues to resemble that of George W.

Telling Aisha's story may raise awareness about the plight of women in Afghanistan, but drawing a connection between her situation and the US occupation is both inaccurate and manipulative.

BBC The Guantanamo Paradox August 6, More than men who have not been convicted, or in some cases even charged with a criminal offense, are being kept in indefinite detention in Guantanamo Bay. As the Obama administration moves forward with the military trials at the detention facility, it is difficult to see how the President is fulfilling his commitment to "re-establishing our [US] credibility as a nation committed to the rule of law.

The maintenance of Guantanamo is just one of the ways in which this administration continues to resemble that of George W.

Crimes of War Project Western Wars Vs Muslim Women August 5, The Time Magazine's cover story on the plight of Afghan women contributes to justifying the war on humanitarian "civilizing" grounds instead of criticizing it on the same grounds. Military solutions to social problems fail to make the distinction between Islam and the Taliban or explain how women's rights can be attained by such means.

International Legal Instruments

This author suggests that "the war to liberate the women of Afghanistan," is more concerned with promoting "men's wars" rather than women's rights, whilst Muslim women are being progressively silenced in this discursive battle. Although driven by contrasting ideologies, both serve to further disempower women from decision making. Security Council Resolution highlighted the contributions that women can make to conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. Yet this suppression of female agency in Pakistan denies the importance of women's equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security.

The image is intended to remind the reader of "what happens if we leave Afghanistan. However, despite the lofty rhetoric about "freeing" the women of Afghanistan, the US-supported government of Hamid Karzai has not implemented policies to help women in any substantial way. In this Brave New Films video, numerous experts show that conditions for women have actually deteriorated as a result of the US-led occupation.

The report says that the "life and death" power of drones should be entrusted to regular armed forces and not intelligence agencies like the CIA which have much less transparent oversight. It is unlikely that the Obama Administration will alter its policy, as drone attacks have become an increasingly important tactic in US "counter terrorism operations" in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

However, as he calls for global cooperation, Obama has intensified the US war in Afghanistan and secret operations in the Middle East. Pakistanis learn nothing of the attacks, and U. Victims and witnesses of these attacks openly question the legitimacy of a strategy that kills many innocent civilians and only serves to instill anti-American hatred in the local population.

These victims link indifference and inaction on drone warfare to the state of U. Controversially, the UK Government asked for the trial to be heard under the "closed material procedure" meaning that the claimants would not see large parts of the evidence being used by the Government to defend the allegations.

The High Court denied the Government's request, with Lord Neuberger stating that "it would undermine one of the most fundamental principles of the common law," the right of a party to know the case again him.

With the January 22 deadline passed, the detention camp reflects the Obama Administration's failure to change US national security policy from the framework of the Bush Administration's "War on Terror. The Obama administration is currently drafting "classified guidelines" to determine whether new captured terrorist suspects should be placed in long-term detention or whether they should be prosecuted.

The guidelines will also provide answers on where to hold them and how to interrogate them. Bagram air base in Afghanistan appears to be the favoured location, in part because prisoners there are denied access to United States courts. LA Times George W. According to Wilkerson, they feared that releasing these prisoners would jeopardize their push for war in Iraq and the broader War on Terror.

This is the first time that such allegations could laws procedures or organizations either national or international have prevented terrorist att been made by a senior member of the Bush administration. The Times The Guantanamo "Suicides: Evidence suggests that the Obama administration has failed to seriously investigate the deaths and may have continued a cover-up of the possible homicides of these prisoners.

Harpers Magazine Habeas Challenges for Bagram Prisoners March 1, The US Government has detained an unknown number of prisoners at the Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan sincesome of whom have been held for up to six years without charge or a fair hearing.

Concerned that Bagram has become the new Guantanamo, the American Civil Liberties Union has filed habeas corpus petitions to allow four prisoners access to lawyers and the opportunity to challenge in court the legality of their detention. The proposed statute would assist in the closing of Guantanamo Bay and govern the detention of persons, by the US government, outside the criminal justice system.

There is concern from Human Rights Watch that the statute would "turn the anomaly of Guantanamo Bay into a permanent legal norm" and would give future President's the unfettered authority to detain people without trial "not because they were captured on a military battlefield but because they are considered a threat against national security.

Such fear mongering resembles the behavior of the previous administration. By publicly connecting the Patriot Act with prevented terrorist attacks the administration misleadingly suggests that the plot could not or would not have been thwarted without recourse to such extreme surveillance measures.

Some polemicists used this to justify illegal government surveillance programs. However the information used in had been obtained legally, thus invalidating this justification.

This foiled attack shows that governments do not need to resort to illegitimate activities to successfully fight terrorism. Washington's war in Afghanistan is likely to last longer than the Soviet Union's war in the country, which began in late and ended in early May 19, General David McKiernan was suddenly fired earlier in May over his failure to stop the escalating violence in Afghanistan.

General McChrystal, also known as "the Pope," is notorious for promoting torture techniques in counterterrorism. He has brought together military and intelligence operations to produce controversial battlefield results.

The decision of the Obama administration to appoint McChrystal reflects a commitment to large scale, long term "special operations" involving further global military escalation. However, after five months in office, Obama's policies seem to reflect considerable continuity with earlier administrations.

He has raised U. It is clear that U. He praised diplomacy over a military response contrary to the position he held four years ago Guardian "Remember Pearl Harbor! Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because it perceived the US as a threat to its national interest. According to the "preemptive war" doctrine, which the US used to justify the attack, the US has the right to use force whenever its interests may be threatened.

Both actions are breaches of international law, as the use of military force is illegal unless used in response to a prior attack. Using this order, the US military has conducted nearly 12 previously undisclosed attacks.

This broadened the ground rules in the "Global War on Terror" and also removed sensitive military operations from the previous process of oversight and review.

New York Times Legislating Tyranny: Bush's War on Civil Liberties June 3, The Bush administration assaults civil liberties under the guise of the "war on terror," and not many US citizens express alarm. With vague definitions of "terrorist" and "enemy combatant," police can arrest and imprison any US citizen based on suspicion and without evidence.

President Bush also abuses power in the executive branch by sidestepping the Supreme Court, weakening Congress, and disregarding the Constitution.

  • He suggests the US "war on terror" needs to be fundamentally rethought to consider relief, rebuilding and the struggle against poverty and hardship;
  • One such gap is internet protocol IP address resolution;
  • This means detecting and investigating threats at the earliest stage, disrupting terrorist activity before it can endanger the public and, wherever possible, prosecuting those responsible;
  • Guidance documents for anyone involved in the design and development of the built environment are available;
  • From 2013 to 2015 we will;
  • Protective security is principally achieved by identifying risks, assessing vulnerabilities and encouraging infrastructure owners and operators to implement proportionate mitigation measures.

With his exercise of arbitrary and undefined power, the US is "sliding toward dictatorship" and falling away from democracy. Counterpunch US Accused of Holding Terror Suspects on Prison Ships June 2, The US military holds detainees on secret "floating prisons", before transporting them to undisclosed detention centers, according to human rights organization Reprieve.

Reprieve reports that the US military keeps many of the prisoners in cages and subjects them to physical abuse. Sincethe US has held approximately 80, detainees, 26, of which remain in secret prisons. The author argues that the "war on terrorism" is instead an excuse to expand US military domination. With regard to its "acuity, its scope, and its likely duration," terrorism does not pose as great a threat as global warming, nuclear proliferation, disease, and conventional war.

The authors claim that the Bush administration has used US citizens' fear to amplify the threat of terrorism and initiate a preventative war against it — a campaign as "meaningless" as "declaring war on serial murderers.

One of the justifications the US gives for the extension of its sphere of influence is the "global war on terror," which the author states is an unacceptable form of "political violence terror. Moreover, the author criticizes the use of "humanitarian intervention" and "democratization" as reasons for military invasions.

Transnational Institute The Axis of Intervention July 27, This Foreign Policy in Focus article cites a growing trend towards unilateral military action as opposed to multilateral diplomacy in solving conflicts. Global Responses to Global Threats: Sustainable Security for the 21st Century June This Oxford Research Group report argues that the main causes of conflict stem from global climate change, competition over resources, "marginalization of the majority world," and global militarism.

These issues, combined with a military approach to terrorism, and the spread of fear-inducing propaganda, detract from realistic peace-building solutions. The authors report that unless world leaders tackle these four causes and refrain from promoting global militarism and waging wars on terrorism, the global system will become irrevocably unstable.

It's the Occupation, Not the Fundamentalism July 18, This interview from the American Conservative showcases could laws procedures or organizations either national or international have prevented terrorist att Robert Pape's detailed analysis of the roots of suicide terrorism.

His central finding is that, overwhelmingly, "suicide-terrorist attacks are not driven by religion as much as they are by a clear strategic objective: On Suspicion of Not Being One of Us April The intelligence services are working hand in hand with industries who profit from war to create a dangerous environment of paranoia.

These "merchants of fear" have filled the post-cold war "vacancy for a subversive global conspiracy" with a new enemy, Islam. Their own obsessions and the desire to justify their continued power have led to the framing of community tensions and other social issues as security threats, and a pervasive climate of distrust. He points to Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo prisoner abuse as reasons for more judicial oversight, and suggests UN Security Council reform as a way of "protecting the rule of law.

Poverty, infectious disease and environmental degradation create conditions in which extremism thrives and new conflicts emerge.

Dealing with these challenges requires preventive engagement rather than use of brute military force.