Homeworks academic service


Cross national transfer of employment practices in

The underpinning rationale for this work stems from the fact that despite the importance of MNCs in the global economy there is a paucity of representative and comprehensive studies of how MNCs organise and manage their employees in different contexts, and how the growing power of MNCs is impacting other social actors e. Thus our specific objective was to ensure an accurate, representative depiction of the activities of MNCs, especially as it relates to work and employment practices.

  1. We also investigated what activities were kept in-house and what were outsourced.
  2. However, we find increasing evidence which indicates that MNCs, especially US MNCs, are union averse, while - more generally - levels of trade union density continue to decline across the developed world. This is addressed elsewhere in this report and was primarily due to changes in the work roles or personal circumstances of scholars.
  3. Finally, our work also informs the debate on whether there is an economic dominance effect at work and the extent to which employment practices characteristic of larger, economically successful nations are diffused to smaller, later industrialising nations. We also investigated what activities were kept in-house and what were outsourced.
  4. Our INTREPID work programme focused on four specific research themes that are intertwined under the area of MNCs, globalisation and employment practices, and which together address issues of great socio-economic significance.

Our consortium comprised scholars from 4 European Union EU1 associated and three third countries involving some 17 universities and business schools. Our INTREPID work programme focused on four specific research themes that are intertwined under the area of MNCs, globalisation and employment practices, and which together address issues of great socio-economic significance.

In our parallel surveys of employment practices in MNCs we investigated why subsidiaries in some countries garner more pivotal roles than others within organisational GVCs. We also investigated what activities were kept in-house and what were outsourced.

  1. In summary this international researcher exchange programme provided a critical means of driving this research programme forward through facilitating more nuanced comparative insights that can only be gained through on-the-ground interactions between scholars from different countries and their involvement in empirical investigations outside of their own national context. This has allowed for the testing of a number of hypotheses, e.
  2. This stimulated a number of our scholars to review the role trade unions in today's more globalised world and to consider what steps trade unions are taking to counteract their apparent demise. Thus postponement or cancellation of visits largely stemmed from scholars changing jobs or job roles e.
  3. Our INTREPID work programme focused on four specific research themes that are intertwined under the area of MNCs, globalisation and employment practices, and which together address issues of great socio-economic significance.

This work has involved all partners to some degree, though dissemination though the presentation of conference papers and completion of publications has been led by our Mexican and to a lesser degree Australian colleagues. Papers on this theme were also delivered at other fora e.

Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

This theme is further addressed in a number of papers in the forthcoming Special Issues of Industrial and Labour Relations Review Issue 66, 2013.

While we are aware that MNCs have the potential to be a major source of innovation in employment practice, there is a lack of knowledge on the extent and nature of such innovation. Our parallel surveys provide a benchmark study of employment practice in MNCs across the different national contexts and their capacity to transfer practices between their foreign subsidiaries.

This has allowed for the testing of a number of hypotheses, e. The extant literature is divided on the extent to which globalisation acts as a standardising force leading to greater convergence in employment practice or, alternatively, whether institutional and related differences between countries mean that divergent patterns of employment practice while pertain across nation states.

Related information

This led our research teams to address a number of important questions through their empirical research, such as the degree to which differences in employment practices in MNCs operating in differing countries are increasing or decreasing, and to what degree is a homogenous global model of employment practices in MNC emerging.

Given the comparative nature of our research paradigm, we were also able to investigate whether policies of market de-regulation and state de-control are European firms towards a distinctly US approach to employment practice. Finally, our work also informs the debate on whether there is an economic dominance effect at work and the extent to which employment practices characteristic of larger, economically successful nations are diffused to smaller, later industrialising nations.

As again evident in our list of publications and dissemination activities, this work has been widely diffused through both conventional academic outlets especially highly ranked peer reviewed journals and conferences and practitioner-oriented symposia, seminars are workshops.

However, we find increasing evidence which indicates that MNCs, especially US MNCs, are union averse, while - more generally - levels of trade union density continue to decline across the developed world.

Access Check

This stimulated a number of our scholars to review the role trade unions in today's more globalised world and to consider what steps trade unions are taking to counteract their apparent demise.

The outcomes of this work are manifest in comparative studies of the emergence of new representative forms e. In summary this international researcher exchange programme provided a critical means of driving this research programme forward through facilitating more nuanced comparative insights that can only be gained through on-the-ground interactions between scholars from different countries and their involvement in empirical investigations outside of their own national context.

The project built on embryonic synergies between scholars in partner countries to provide rich empirical data that can be used to both construct theoretical frameworks and inform policy. Solid ongoing research collaborations have been established which will continue long beyond the duration of the Mare-Curie IRSES project, a fact evidenced through both the addition of new partners Argentina and Belgium and the strong pipeline of refereed journal publications and conference presentations.

This is addressed elsewhere in this report and was primarily due to changes in the work roles or personal circumstances of scholars. Thus postponement or cancellation of visits largely stemmed from scholars changing jobs or job roles e. While these changes only marginally impacted on the successful achievement of the primary goals of this exchange programme, it did mean that the achievement of some elements of the work packages were somewhat delayed e.