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Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse

Signs of Abuse Essay

Physical abuse can also include depriving them of basic needs such as food, medicines, or giving too much medication. This type of abuse includes punching, pushing, shaking, pinching, burning, force feeding, and any sort of physical punishment or restraint. Signs of abuse include physical signs as well as sudden changes in behaviour or refusal of a caregiver to allow visitors to see an elder alone. Sexual abuse is non-consensual sexual contact of any kind.

Sexual abuse can be difficult to detect except for those involved in their nursing care. Signs include the physical signs. Always investigate allegations of sexual abuse by a vulnerable adult. Emotional, psychological abuse is defined as; Inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts.

Emotional abuse can be difficult to detect unless witnessed. People being abused in this way can show changes in behaviour, fear when in the presence of the abuser, agitation or withdrawal.

Repeated instances of poor care may be an indication of more serious problems. Institutional Abuse is abuse as described above that arises from an unsatisfactory regime. It occurs when the routines, systems and norms of an institution override the needs of those it is there to support. Such regimes compel individuals to sacrifice their own preferred life style and cultural diversity in favour of the interests of those there to support them, and others.

This can be the product of both ineffectual and punitive management styles, creating a climate within which abuse of Adults at Risk, intentional or otherwise, is perpetrated by individual staff and others.

There is a lack of good leadership within the institution and members of staff are not equipped to carry out the care required. Managers and staff of such services have a responsibility to ensure that the operation of the service is focused on the needs of service users, not on those of the institution. Managers will ensure they have mechanisms in place that both maintain and review the appropriateness, quality and impact of the service for which they are responsible.

These mechanisms will always take into account the views of service users, their carers and relatives. Inflexible routines set around the needs of staff rather than individual service users, e.

These can arise through lax, uninformed or punitive management regimes. Signs and Symptoms of Institutional Abuse: Financial Abuse is defined as "the unauthorised and improper use of funds, property or any resources belonging to an individual". Financial or exploitative abuse is defined as the illegal taking, misuse, or concealment of funds, property, or assets of a vulnerable elder. Those who financially abuse may be people who hold a position of trust, power, and authority or has the confidence of the Adult at Risk.

Self-neglect on the part of an Adult at Risk will not usually lead to the initiation of adult safeguarding procedures unless the situation involves a significant act of describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse or omission by someone else with established responsibility for the adult's care.

However if practitioners are concerned that an Adult at Risk is neglecting themselves to pg. Neglect is defined as failing or refusing to provide food, shelter, healthcare or protection for a vulnerable elder. Neglect is defined as 'the repeated deprivation of assistance that the Adult at Risk needs for important activities of daily living, including a failure to intervene in behaviour which is dangerous to the Adult at Risk or to others, and poor manual handling techniques. The physical signs of neglect are often easy to see.

Dirty surroundings, poor personal hygiene, soiled bedding, smell, untreated cuts or sores, poor dental hygiene.

Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse

The signs of Physical Abuse are often evident but can also be hidden by the abuser or the victim. Any unexplained injuries should always be fully investigated. Evidence to look out for includes: Signs and Symptoms of Psychological Abuse: Signs and Symptoms of Neglect: Signs and Symptoms of Sexual Abuse: Signs and Symptoms of Financial Abuse: One of such factors may be symptoms which occur after stopping of taking drugs.

A person begins to get depressed. Also some types of personality disorders can contribute to abusing the person suffering from them.

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Low Self-esteem, low sense of self-worth, pre-exposition to abuse, substance abuse, low economic resources, homelessness, and sexual abuse as a child are just a few factors that make individuals vulnerable to abuse. Factors related to the individual who is vulnerable to abuse: Every professional must acknowledge and take appropriate action if abuse is suspected. All allegations must be regarded as serious. You must try to preserve any evidence if you think a criminal offence may have taken place: Things not to do: There is a duty on organi sation s to make appropriate arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and vulnerable adults.

Also government guidance makes it clear that it is a shared responsibility, and depends upon effective joint working between agencies and professionals that have different roles and expertise.

  • Signs and Symptoms of Financial Abuse;
  • According to published studies, in 30 to 60 percent of families where spouse abuse takes place, child maltreatment also occurs;
  • Risk factors associated with child maltreatment can be grouped in four domains;;
  • Personality characteristics and psychological well-being;
  • One review of the relevant research suggested that about one-third of all individuals who were maltreated will subject their children to maltreatment.

Section 11 of the Children Act 2004 places a duty on all agencies to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. The Health and Social Care Act 2008 also places statutory duties on organisations and individuals. Two key documents that relate to adults in need of safeguarding are: The right to family life. Also covers abuse financial abuse. Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act Resulted from the Bichard inquiry in Keepi 2006 2002 into the Soham murders and led to ng the creation of the independent safe safeguarding Authority ISA which oversees the vetting and barring and scheme.

To help people who may be being abused or suspect that abuse is happening, we have published 'Keeping Safe and Protecting Adults' which you can download from this page. It gives more information about types of abuse and what to do if you suspect abuse. You can also visit the York Safeguarding Adults website what is adult abuse? There are many different types of abuse, It may: Abuse can be accidental, or a deliberate act. An abuser may be? A relative, a partner, someone paid to provide care and services, a volunteer, a neighbour, a friend or stranger.

Abuse can happen anywhere: However, there are some more common signs of abuse, see pdf attached to this page, which if seen may suggest that abuse has occurred. Which adults are vulnerable to abuse? Some adults are less able to protect themselves than others and some have difficulty making their wishes and feelings known. This may make them vulnerable to abuse.

They may also be vulnerable because they are in need of community care services due to mental health problems, physical or learning disability, age or illness. In York we are working together with the Police, local Councillors, Health and local independent and voluntary sector organisation to improve and develop further services to keep vulnerable adults safe. Provide immediate treatment if required Undertake evidential investigations or medical examinations 3.

Abuse can happen anywhere, anytime, but especially to vulnerable people, e.

  • There is no single known cause of child maltreatment;
  • Children are not responsible for being victims of maltreatment;
  • In 1998, 23 percent of children lived in households with a single mother, and 4 percent lived in households with a single father.

It can even happen in places people should be safe, e. As a social worker, or health care assistant, you should understand and learn from the findings and recommendations of inquiries into failures in safeguarding practice.


I researched two cases reported for abuse. The winterbourne case which was nationally reported, and another abuse case of Orme house in Lowestoft. The Winterbourne case was more physical and emotional abuse and Orme house case was more neglect and poor living conditions. The Winterbourne case was reported nationally because it was such a disgusting mistreatment of vulnerable people, 11 members of staff were caught on cctv after visitors and patients complaint about mistreatment.

The evidence that was captured showed physical abuse such as, slapping, poking eyes, pulling hair, even as unbelievable as trapping them under chairs, and soaking residents in freezing cold water. It also showed emotional and verbal abuse in the form of name calling. This was an inhumane and diabolic mistreatment of vulnerable individuals unable to defend themselves. Winterbourne appears to have made decisions based on profit and returns, over and above decisions about the affective and humane delivery of assessments and treatments.

Where were staff who should have been reporting these crimes to management, if management was not listening then they should have been reported to the authorities and organisations, such as social services and CQC that is what they are there for. There are various different sources of information and advice on your role in the safeguarding and protection of the individuals you support and care for.

These should help to give you confidence in your ability to perform this important part of your social care role. Every individual has their own unique and different life story, needs, wishes and values. It is important to understand these as a way of putting the person at the centre of the care planning and delivery process. The individual is given independence, and is empowered to make choices about how their personal support or assistance package id delivered.

The individual can then actively take part in their own care, instead of just passively receiving support in a way that is convenient to the provider. Self-directed budgets, where individual manage their own care package, are an important part of active participation. Promoting choice and rights: If you get to know them, you can: Importance of accessible complaints procedures: Complaints are a very important form of feedback.

  • Factors related to the individual who is vulnerable to abuse;
  • These should help to give you confidence in your ability to perform this important part of your social care role;
  • Unsafe practice includes not wearing personal protective equipment, not undertaking risk assessments and ignoring strategies to manage risk;
  • A greater understanding of risk factors can help professionals working with children and families both to identify maltreatment and high-risk situations and to intervene appropriately.

Being open to feedback means that a social care organisation can review and improve its procedures for the detection of abuse. Social care organisations must develop complaint procedures that are accessible, easy to understand and user-friendly.

  1. An analysis of child abuse cases in a nationally representative sample of 42 counties found that children from single parent families are more likely to be victims of physical and sexual abuse than children who live with both biological parents. However, a full 18.
  2. Physical abuse has been associated with stressful life events, parenting stress, and emotional distress in various studies. Promoting choice and rights.
  3. It can even happen in places people should be safe, e. If the individual is secluded or isolated or are vulnerable.
  4. Rod Plotnik, emeritus professor, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, describes several theories related to the association between poverty and maltreatment, all of which may hold some truth. Environmental factors include poverty and unemployment, social isolation, and community characteristics.
  5. Still others may have attitudes that devalue children or view them as property.. In addition, specific stressful situations e.

Individuals and their families should feel able to make complaints without fear of retribution. Accessible complaints procedures should: Any practice that puts an individual or care worker at risk could be considered unsafe.

Unsafe practice includes not wearing personal protective equipment, not undertaking risk assessments and ignoring strategies to manage risk.