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Dr b r ambedkar a social reformer

Dr. ‘Babasaheb’ Bhimrao Ambedkar – a social reformer and ‘poor man’s barrister’

Ambedkar - A Social Reformer Camil Parkhe The Navhind Times, Panjim, Goa, March 2, 1986 The movements to eradicate the evils of untouchability and caste system which picked up its momentum during the last century has changed its nature and dimension during the course of history. Thanks to the fathers of Indian Constitution, especially Dr. Ambedkar, who himself hailed from the oppressed classes, the law does not discriminate against any citizen on the basis of cast and punitive action is taken against those violating the principles of nature justice.

Babasaheb Ambedkar whose birth anniversary being celebrated all over the country on the 14. Manu, the ancient law maker had denied a respectable position to the shudras and women, Dr.

Ambedkar as the chairman of the Drafting Committees of the Constitution Assembly reversed the course of history of the oppressed classes for better and is, therefore, rightly called as modern Manu. Ambedkar who suffered the pangs the untouchability did yeoman's service in improving the lot of the backward classes in the country and thus became the most admired leader of the backward classes during the present century.

BR Ambedkar Diwas: Four revolutionary reforms by Ambedkar that deserve a comeback

The process of eradication of caste system and untouchability is traceable even in the ancient Indian history, Buddhism and Jainism which had sprung up as reaction against the trends in Hindu religion had offered equal status to people without discriminating them on caste basis. The social reform movements snowballed in real sense only during the British regime. However the division among the national leaders of that time on this vital issue served a severe joint to the reform movement.

Lokmanya Tilak and others who advocated political reform even opposed establishment of a social wing of the Indian National Congress to take up the social issue. If the political and social movements were to flourish juxtaposed, the course of Indian social history would have certainly changed to a great extent.

  1. He completed his MA in economics and went on to successfully achieve his Ph. Right winged; Equalism Religious Beliefs.
  2. He was then appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee in the Assembly. Ambedkar s speech on Social Reforms Dr.
  3. He strove to bring about unity amongst the untouchables by founding and establishing political parties and organizations for their unity and upliftment, and publishing newspapers to disseminate information and spread awareness amongst them, and espouse their cause.

It was left to Mahatma Gandhi in the period to combine the social and political movement. However a cadre was prepared on the political front, there was no much organized efforts on the social scene.

The differences between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr.

  • Intrinsically this is a slow process but a very essential one;
  • Humiliations, insults and caste-based discrimination awakened and strengthened Dr;
  • He received his PhD degree in Economics in 1927;
  • Following are just a few quotes from literally thousands of pages of Ambedkar speeches and writings.

Ambedkar conspicuously came to light prior to the situation of singing of the Pune Pact. Gandhiji considered the oppressed classes as an integral part of the Hindu society and untouchability as a blot on Hindu religion.

On the other hand, Dr.

  1. While Ambedkar carried on his work in the direction of arousing the Depressed Classes to the injustice involved in the caste-system and untouchabilty, he also carried on the work of organising them for agitation against these social wrongs.
  2. As early as 1916 he had studied the problem of caste and written his paper on its origin growth and spread. I now wanted to divert my attention to the uneducated masses, but life seems short.
  3. Ambedkar said that untouchables can be elevated only by themselves, by learning self-help, regaining self-respect and achieving self-knowledge.
  4. He made them conscious of the power accruing from their right of franchise.
  5. He also provided encouragement to students belonging to untouchable communities, providing them with hostel facilities, free books and clothing. Death Since 1954-55 Ambedkar was suffering from serious health problems including diabetes and weak eyesight.

Ambedkar challenged the authority of the Hindu scriptures including Manusmriti and later even vowed that he would not die as a Hindu while Mahatma Gandhi had sought to change the mentality of the savarnas upper casts with regard to their behavior with the oppressed classes, Dr. Ambedkar sought to transform thinking and life style of the backward classes. The elimination of this was when Dr. Ambedkar, along with his thousands of followers, embraced Buddhism at Nagpur as a remedy to the centuries-old social evil of untouchability and oppression.

The mass conversion to Buddhism, whatever may be the ideological basis behind it, did not pave the way for emancipation of the dalits.

Instead of being called as lower caste Hindus, now the converted people are called as neo-Buddhists on the style of the neo-Christians and they continue to receive the same treatment as their fore-fathers had received. The greatest boon to the oppressed classes would have been the reservation policy of the Government of India had it been implemented in its spirit.

  • If they could not do this, they would not be just on their part to ask the Hindus to do away with the institutions of caste and untouchability;
  • His love for the Depressed Classes was unbounded;
  • Just two months after becoming a Buddhist, this great lawyer, social reformer and jurist attained mahaparinirvana;
  • Sc by the London University;
  • Ambedkar who suffered the pangs the untouchability did yeoman's service in improving the lot of the backward classes in the country and thus became the most admired leader of the backward classes during the present century;
  • Ambedkar who suffered the pangs the untouchability did yeoman's service in improving the lot of the backward classes in the country and thus became the most admired leader of the backward classes during the present century.

Ambedkar was not the first to raise voice against the supremacy of the so-called higher social casts in the modern age, he enjoys a unique position in the dalit movement. There were other movements too, started by Dr. During the pre-independent and post-independence period, Dr. The economic changes, industrialization and urbanization have also played role in transforming the attitude of the rest castes towards the backward classes.

The dalit movement in post — Ambedkar era in Maharashtra, home State of Dr. Ambedkar has influenced the local literature and other social fields. The Dalit Panther, a militant organization which had become a force to reckon with during the last decade turned defunct due to division but has helped to give a distinct identity to the dalits in social fields, especially in urban areas.

The issue of reservation to backward classes has created hostility between beneficiaries of the scheme and others as was noticed during the Gujarat agitation.

Dr Ambedkar – A Social Reformer Essay

The agitation started to change the name of the Marathwada University to Dr. Ambedkar University also speaks volumes about this trend.

  • Following are just a few quotes from literally thousands of pages of Ambedkar speeches and writings;
  • In short he enthused in them a new spirit of restlessness, a questioning attitude and a determination to have justice done;
  • Just two months after becoming a Buddhist, this great lawyer, social reformer and jurist attained mahaparinirvana;
  • Ambedkar exhorted the untouchables and the downtrodden masses to leave the fold of Hinduism so that they might get rid of the injustices and humiliation meted out to them in the name of caste;
  • He was a statesman, national leader, and the chief architect of the Indian Constitution;
  • There, however, seems none to shoulder such a heavy responsibility.

Ideally, the caste-based distinction should have been eliminated during the post-independence era and all political parties who depend on their vote banks are to be blamed for this.