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In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Valerie Krips bio Kenneth Kidd. At the Intersection of Psychoanalysis and Children's Literature.

U of Minnesota P, 2011. As early as 1935, William Empson wrote that "To make the dream-story from which Wonderland was elaborated seem Freudian one has only to tell it.

Psychoanalysis and The Wizard of Oz Essay

It's at the intersection of psychoanalysis and children's literature, in which critics of children's books as well as writers, readers, and analysts operate, that Kidd's own hermeneutic comes into play as he takes us through a history of a relationship that in spite—and perhaps because—of frequent internal theoretical struggles, remains highly productive.

As Kidd relates, Freud came across fairy tales frequently in his analytic work. They were not only a "common cultural reference point" but were already a form associated with childhood and development more generally 5. Almost all psychoanalysts of the early period wrote papers in which fairy tales figured, and Kidd argues that it was in part through them or through folklore, with which fairy tales were then conflated that psychoanalysis itself was popularized.

Freud s oz freudian views in the

Appearing in dreams, fairy tales were vehicles for wish fulfillment, for notions of omnipotence and secret powers perhaps one only has to say this to think of Where the Wild Things Are. Beginning with Freud and fairy tales which, by the twentieth century, had become "the primal form of children's literature" according to William Kerrigan 1Kidd's trajectory moves through child analysis, case histories, picture book psychology, and the adolescent novel, all the way to trauma writing.

He walks carefully in the minefield over which he casts his eye. Child analysis endorsed by Freud, but something of a problem for Lacanian theorists, as Kidd notes turned to materials for children, including books, and particularly to play in order to attend better to the analysand.

Freud in Oz

Kidd's discussion of ego psychology follows on the heels of child analysis and object-relations theory, all of which are discussed in an extended reading of A. Kidd argues that from an inherited didactism we have arrived at freud s oz freudian views in the "instrumentalism of children's forms": All three are rich in possibility within the "cultural imaginary of the interpretive community" [End Page 94] of children's literature 76.

Reading what critics have said about these three texts, and the ways in which the characters, plots, and authors have been interpreted, is to revisit some of the most troubling psychoanalytic readings of children's books, in which the fine line between an intersection with and the colonization of one discourse by the other is frequently crossed, to the detriment of both psychoanalytic criticism and children's literature.

Kidd traverses the terrain with acumen and skill and, with the introduction of the idea of the cultural imaginary and interpretive community, opens the path to what he calls the psychologization of children's literature, a way paved by picture books and followed by the adolescent and YA novel. This psychologization has also seen the protagonization of the American character, in which identity has become "a literary as well as a psychological term" 139.

This development affords an opening for questioning some of the basic premises of contemporary literature for children, which turns "away from the social" and privileges "adolescent interiority" 173.

At the Intersections of Psychoanalysis and Children’s Literature

It's here, amid the currents of criticism that circulate around the construction of the self, that Kidd's judiciousness begins to soften—his aim has been to "describe rather than evaluate" 205 —and the sense of a "shadow text," to use his term for the text not written, becomes more evident.

Careful to remember the historical context of the criticism he discusses, Kidd's account reaches the immediately contemporary cultural imaginary in its last chapter, the topic of which, tellingly, is trauma writing.

Unlike any of the earlier.

  1. Slippers themselves have even been linked to sexuality.
  2. Kidd is associate professor of English at the University of Florida.
  3. One representing all of the good qualities in Aunt Em, and one representing all of the bad ones. Testing the theories and therapy.
  4. Standard edition, 19, 235-239.
  5. However, Freud was cautious about symbols and stated that general symbols are more personal rather than universal. The film the wizard of oz is definitely about the concept of returning home this is made clear throughout the film dorothy's entire time in oz is spent trying.