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Mla style quoting in a research paper

Using Search Engines Wisely! Using Sources Correctly There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper. Or you may summarize.

All three require an in-text parenthetical citation! As your instructor reads your essay, he or she should clearly be able to see which sentences, facts, or sections of your essay came from Source A, Source B, or Source C, etc.

  1. From the left margin, indent one inch on a computer or ten spaces on a typewriter. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question.
  2. Although no single entry will contain all these items of information, most Works Cited entries for Web sources will include the following basic information.
  3. In-text citations for print sources with no known author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. For the different placements of sentence periods under varying circumstances, please see sections 3.

You can give credit to your sources within your text in two different ways: Your paper might say something like. Notice also that I placed the date that the book was published directly after the author's name in parentheses--this is proper APA format. If I was using a particular website instead of John Smith's bookthe signal phrase would look exactly the same, but I would say "According to Pocahontasrules.

Use an in-text citation in situations where you are not quoting someone directly, but rather using information from another source such as a fact, summary, or paraphrase to support your own ideas. She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style," but she did not offer an explanation Jones, 1998, p. Notice that it's clear within this sentence that I'm referring to a certain person's beliefs, but since this person's name does not appear at the beginning of the sentence, I have placed her name, the year that her article was published, and the page number where I retrieved this information in parentheses at the end of the sentence.

Information on how to format an in-text citation Summarizing Sources Summarize an article or a larger section of an article whenever you simply want to present the author's general ideas in your essay.

Formatting a Research Paper

How to Write an Effective Summary: Cover up the original article, it is key that you not quote from the original work. Restate what you've read in your own words, and be sure to give the author credit using an in-text citation. Congressman Joe Smith 2009 believes that our approach to reforming the healthcare system is backwards and costly. He discusses our rising national debt in "Healthcare: Let's Talk" and lists several statistics to prove that Obama's new plan will only make things worse.

Summaries are most often used to condense larger texts into more manageable chucks. However, as a writer you should be aware that this more manageable chunks and easily become vague and weigh your paper down with fluff.

An Example of Using Short Quotes

Take a look at these examples: The original passage from The Confident Student 6th ed. No matter what condition your body is in, you can pretty much guarantee that poor health habits will lead to a lack of academic success.

Students need to take time for their physical and emotional well-being, as well as their studies, during college Kanar 158. No matter how old you are, your well-being and your health can impact your ability to do a good job at school. If you choose not to eat well, exercise, deal with stress, and avoid getting drunk, then your grades will go down Kanar 158.

Because the art of paraphrasing is more concise than summarizing, a true paraphrase shows that you as a researcher completely understand the source work. Quoting your sources If you need help incorporating your sources into your essay, the first thing you'll need to remember is that quotes cannot stand alone--they can't be placed in a sentence all by themselves.

You need to make each quote a part of your essay by introducing it beforehand and commenting on it afterward. Think of each quote like a sandwich—the quote is the meat on the inside, but before you taste the meat, you must also be introduced to the sandwich by the bread. After you bite down on that meat, you need the other piece of bread to round out the meal. The bottom piece of bread points out what was important about the quote and elaborates on what was being said.

No comma is necessary to introduce the quoted phrase. Margaret Reardon points out mla style quoting in a research paper today's economy cars are "better equipped" to handle accidents than the smaller cars of the past. What are block quotations and how are they handled?

Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type.

  • Some electronic sources use paragraph numbers instead of page numbers;
  • No comma is necessary to introduce the quoted phrase;
  • Type two spaces, then list the title of the book underlined and with the first letter of all major words capitalized;
  • Outlined below are a few of the most commonly followed guidelines for including direct quotes into your own work;
  • Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3;
  • Use of Ellipsis Points When you omit a word, phrase, sentence, or paragraph from a quoted passage, you must use ellipsis points, or three spaced periods, to indicate that your quotation does not completely reproduce the original.

When a quotation is indented, the use of quotation marks is not necessary, and the page number is included outside the ending punctuation. Like many people who enjoy a leisurely pace of living with such attendant activities as reading, painting, or gardening, I often long for a simpler time, a time when families amused themselves by telling stories after supper, as opposed to watching Baghdad get bombed.

How do I punctuate shorter quotations? For a quotation shorter than four lines, quotation marks are used and the page numbers fall inside the ending punctuation. Do I use a comma or a colon to introduce mla style quoting in a research paper quotation? A quotation is usually introduced by a comma or a colon. A colon precedes when a quotation is formally introduced or when the quotation itself is a complete sentence, but either no punctuation or a comma generally precedes when the quotation serves as an integral part of the sentence.

Often, a quotation you wish to use includes a pronoun instead of a name. Since you must copy the quotation verbatim, you should insert the name after the pronoun to clarify who you are talking about. Use brackets not parenthesis.

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

However, you indicate that the mistake is not yours by using [sic], which means "thus" and tells the reader that the error appears in the original.

The professor stressed that "if your source makes a mistak [sic], you should copy the mistake because direct quotations are copied verbatim.

Use ellipsis marks if you wish to leave something out of the middle of a quotation perhaps it is not needed or will make your quotation too long. She states that many of our students' personal decisions will have the inherent dangers of instant gratification, and so will their political decisions. Virtual reality will make it possible for them to program themselves into scenarios we now merely fantasize about.

As a result, imagination itself will require a new definition.

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There are only three ellipses marks used in this sentence. A period also appears, indicating that one sentence ended before the word "As.

  1. Unknown Author Begin with the title. The Internet Movie Database.
  2. When a quotation is indented, the use of quotation marks is not necessary, and the page number is included outside the ending punctuation. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
  3. Knowing how to quote in an essay, or how to cite a quote from a book is imperative to your success. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces.

Do not change the meaning of the quotation when you leave out part of it! It should no longer be indented. It is not always necessary to do so, and too many will damage the flow of your essay.

If my source quotes somebody else, how do I indicate this?

Sample Papers in MLA Style

When you have a quotation within a quotation, handle it this way: Indented original article by David Fricke appearing in Rolling Stone: Clapton [Eric] got the chills when he listened to that material recently. It was the first time he had done so in over fifteen years. I think of the people in that band and what happened to them. Therefore, no quotation marks are used at the beginning or the end.

The quotation marks that appear at the end are the result of needing quotation marks around Clapton's remark, not because the entire paragraph is a quotation. Notice also that the first line is indented an additional five spaces.

That's because it's the first sentence in the paragraph in the original. If you begin a quotation in mid-paragraph, there is no indention. Clapton's name does not appear on your Works Cited page as he is not your source.

Citing Sources (APA, MLA...)

Fricke is the source. Therefore, Fricke's name should appear. Since Clapton is speaking, however, use "qtd. The Terms of Use explains the specific permissions granted. It's among the oldest and wisest OWLs.