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Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body

Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals Answer: The study of the human body is divided into two sections called anatomy and physiology.

Anatomy is the study of the structure or parts that make up the body, whilst the physiology is concerned with their function of cells, tissues and organs of the living organism.

Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body

The anatomy and physiology of the human body explains that muscles are attached to the skeleton. They work like hinges or levers to pull or move particular joints when a muscle contracts, pulling the joint in the direction it is designed to move.

Parts of muscles move antagonistically, that is, when one contracts, its opposite member relaxes to allow movement. Muscles can become slack, making movement slower and more difficult because increasing age and less use of the muscles.

Single nerve cells in the spinal column called motor neurons form a long very thin extension of the single cell, called an axon. When an impulse travels down the axon to the muscle, a chemical is released at its ending. Muscles are made of long fibres connected to each other lengthways by a ratchet mechanism that allows the two parts of an extension ladder to slide past each other, overlapping each other more, so that the muscles get shorter and fatter.

When the impulses from the nerves stop, the muscle fibres slide back to their original position. In relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning activities, it makes the muscles not to be fractured. Correct moving and handling or positioning will make the muscles not to strain or sprain. The individual and carers will not experience pains and discomfort. For example, the elbow and knee joints have limited movement; trying to extend these joints beyond their range outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body cause painful damage to the joint.

Also need to understand that elderly people are not as supple as younger people and even if they do not suffer movement restriction through a medical condition.

They bruise easier too and so great care has to be taken when handling, moving and positioning them especially when assisting them to sit up or when using the hoist strap. Failure to follow the care plan and any presenting conditions can lead to causing the individual injury, pain and discomfort.

It may also lead to legal action being raised. Below are some of the problems that may occur with such conditions. Arthritis — Arthritis suffers will often have stiff and painful joints and frequently a limited range of movement within the affected area.

Organization of the body

Stroke — Stroke can lead to a permanent weakening down one side of the body, for instance one arm or leg stronger than the other. This outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body to be taken into account when weight bearing or moving as to avoid putting unnecessary pressure on the weak side. Amputees — Loss of a limb, be it either upper or lower can affect people ability to move independently so care must be taken to when moving people with amputated limbs.

Support worker communication is very important in order to correctly moving and positioning the service user with any of the above condition. Legislation that is relevant includes the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations which introduced the requirement for risk assessment, risks when moving and positioning individuals must be assessed, acted on and reviewed.

Also all staff must be trained in moving and positioning individuals. The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations LOLER introduced the requirement for employers to provide lifting equipment that is safe to use and maintained and staff must also be provided with training. The Manual handling Operations Regulations for employer states that they must carry out risk assessments for all moves and reduce the risk of injuries from happening and avoid dangerous moving and handling.

Agreed ways of working mean that employers must have workplace policies and procedures for moving and handling; these must be explained to staff and staff provided with training and supervision. I would only move a person if I have been trained to do so. I would check the persons care plan to see if the person has any preferences or needs before performing the move.

I would wear appropriate foot wear when I move a person to avoid risk of being harmed e. I also do a manual risk assessment before performing any move.

Move and Position Individuals in Accordance Essay

I do not use any equipment that I have not been trained to use and I check I have room to carry out the move. Equipment needs to be checked that it is working correctly e. Infection control is important and wearing PPE. When finished with sling I would store it safely away to avoid accidents or it being used on someone else. Risks can occur every day which is why it is important to always check to identify the risks straight away and try to correct it weather it is the wires are hanging down on the bed which could be a risk if the hoist gets trapped on them, or even if the sling you are using has a tear in the seam.

Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Body

You should also have a risk assessment in place which may need to be changed. When I come across risks before moving and positioning an individual my actions will depend on what they are. The equipment if faulty is removed from the immediate area and an out of order sign placed on it until it is replaced to make others aware that it is not working or safe to use.

If procedures are not followed correctly then there is a greater risk to everyone involved client, care staff and family. Injuries can result due to poor practise by not following the care plan or using lifting equipment incorrectly. Clients can be traumatised by poor and lose confidence in their own abilities and the abilities of the care team.

If dealt with incorrectly, this could leave people feeling unvalued, humiliated, distressed and degraded. In order to prevent the conflicts it is my responsibilities to explain their service user what their care plan and risk assessment says, the risks involved and my responsibilities and duty is to only follow the care plan.

Human body

If the individual still insisted then I would explain that I would need to report this to my line manager. I must also record the risks, the date I identified these and the actions Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body take. The main reason for allowing the service user to take risk sometimes a person condition can changes and their mobility can improve as well as deteriorate.

As the conflicts will be reported to the manager and the service user is notified by me support worker of the risks associated with their action. If the person wants to do more for themselves, I should encourage this, but also be aware of their limitations — are they trying to do too much too soon? If the person refuses to be moved or turned, I should encourage them to move as much as possible by themselves.

There are different aids and equipment that you can use to move and handle service user in moving and positioning. Hoists and slings these are used to move individuals who cannot move themselves from one position to another and the slings come in different sizes and types depending on the height and weight of the individual. Slide boards are used for people who are quite independent and who just need a little support with moving for example from their bed to a chair or from a chair back to their bed.

Lifting handles are used with some individuals to can help them to sit up in bed independently; they hold onto to these to move themselves. When there is an emergency Question- 6. I can also ask my colleagues and manager for information and advice. Sometimes we can also ask other health care professionals such as physiotherapists and moving and handling specialist specific questions or advice about issues — training courses and information leaflets are also useful.

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