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Research on eating habits of nursing students

  1. A questionnaire-cum-interview schedule was designed to elicit information regarding the demographic profile of the participants and their dietary practices such as meal regularity, snacking, missing meals, eating out, and consumption of fast food. Nearly three-fourths of the participants had a Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery, and a similar percentage also reported to be working as Staff Nurses in the hospitals.
  2. Categorical data was presented as frequencies and percentages, and continuous data as medians and percentiles.
  3. The method has previously been validated using the excretion of nitrogen in urine as a biomarker for protein intake 2. Nutrient intake was calculated from 3-day food records.
  4. To compute the intake of energy, protein, total fat, and carbohydrates and adequacy of nutrients such as protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, dietary folate, and vitamin B12, information regarding nutrient intake of each participant was obtained by noting down their 24-hour dietary recall for 2 days, one each for a working and a nonworking day. Eating practices were established by 24-hour recalls obtained during structured interviews with the participants.

Published online 2014 Oct 31. PMC4216818 Validation of four questions on food habits from the Swedish board of health and social welfare by 3-day food records in medical and nursing students Ellinor FredrikssonHilde K.

  • Even though many college-aged students are aware of the importance of meeting nutritional values, their knowledge and attitude might hinder them from changing their behavior;
  • Abstract Background Health care workers need to be equipped to deal with the increasing obesity and obesity-related morbidity occurring in developing countries.

Abstract Background The Swedish board for health and social welfare SoS has presented four questions on dietary habits as indicators of adherence to dietary recommendations. However, these questions have not been evaluated. Objective To evaluate if four questions on dietary habits correlate with dietary intake assessed by food records.

Design A total of 279 medical and nursing students, 170 women and 109 men, completed four questions on usual consumption frequency of vegetables, fruits, fish, and sweets.

Depending on scoring from 0 to 12 points, subjects were classified as having low 0—4 pointsaverage 5—8 pointsor high 9—12 points adherence to dietary recommendations as proposed by SoS. Nutrient intake was calculated from 3-day food records.

Mean dietary intake, expressed per 10 MJ of fibre, ascorbic acid, folate, vitamin D, sucrose, fish, and fruits and vegetables, was analysed for each group and differences assessed by ANOVA. Results Energy intake was 11. Conclusions Four questions on the consumption frequency of vegetables, fruits, fish, and sweets correlate well with the dietary intake of fibre, ascorbic acid, folate, vitamin D, fish, sucrose, and fruits and vegetables as assessed by 3-day food records in health-conscious medical and nursing students.

The compliance to these recommendations is mostly unknown, partly because it is cumbersome to perform dietary surveys. In order to simplify the assessment of the compliance to contemporary nutrition recommendation, the Swedish board of health and social welfare SoS has introduced four self-instructed questions 1.

If these questions actually will reflect such compliance is unsubstantiated at the moment. We have addressed this topic by combining the results of these questions with food records completed by medical and nursing students.

The dietary assessment exercise has been performed since 1983 in the early, preclinical stage of the medical programme at the Sahlgrenska Academy in Gothenburg, and in later years also among nursing students 23. It is a pedagogic exercise, not primarily focused on the result in dietary intake, but rather to experience different methods to investigate it.

A study of eating habits among female nursing students in the university of Babylon/Iraq

Each student completes a 3-day food record, from which his or her dietary intake is calculated. The method has previously been validated using the excretion of nitrogen in urine as a biomarker for protein intake 2. The aim of this study was to investigate if four simple questions would correlate to the dietary intake of relevant nutrients or food items as assessed from food records in medical and nursing students.

Mean body weight in male students was 75. Mean body weight in female students was 60. In addition, 65 medical students were given the four questions on two different occasions to check the reproducibility. Methods and materials Four questions regarding consumption of 1 vegetables and root vegetables, 2 fruits and berries, 3 fish and shellfish, 4 rolls, sweets and chocolates, and sugar-sweetened drinks 1 were answered during an introductory lecture before completing the food diary.

Each question could yield 0—3 points depending on the frequency of consumption, with higher scores for more frequent consumption on the first three questions, and the other way round on the fourth question.

Depending on scoring from 0 to 12 points, subjects were classified as proposed by SoS to have low 0—4 pointsaverage 5—8 pointsor high 9—12 points adherence to dietary recommendations. During 3 consecutive days 2 weekdays and 1 day in the weekendthe students registered their food intake in a food diary, where they reported type and amount of food eaten. Basal metabolic rate BMR and predicted total energy expenditure TEE were calculated by the students during the lab exercise, using equations from Table 9.

  1. The total fat intake constituted 28. They were also informed that participants would not carry any costs and no participant would receive any compensation.
  2. Design A cross-sectional survey was conducted.
  3. The participants were weighed bare feet with minimum clothing, facing straight ahead, standing relaxed, with body weight distributed evenly on both feet using a digital flat scale Seca 813.
  4. They stated that many college students tended to select food according to convenience, taste, time, and price rather than nutritional values. The sample size was 121 college students.

Energy intake from 3-day food records was validated by comparison to the calculated BMR. Medians and 25—75 percentiles were used for non-normally distributed variables.

Non-normally distributed variables were log-transformed before statistical testing. Table 1 Mean dietary intake expressed per MJ divided between groups with low, average and high adherence to contemporary dietary recommendations in 279 medical and nursing students, 170 women and 109 men, as assessed by four questions from the Swedish board of health and social welfare 1.

Adherence groups P-values for differences between groups Low 0—4p.