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Research paper on drug use during pregnancy

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You May Want to Know Anytime a person abuses drugs, she is potentially causing serious physical and psychological damage to her body. Along with the common effects of drug abuse, such as organ damage, she also runs the risk of developing a physical dependence or addiction to the drug, or of having an overdose. These dangers are significant enough for a normal adult, but they are exponentially greater for pregnant women, fetuses and newborn children.

Why Drug Use during Pregnancy Affects Unborn Children A portion of everything that a pregnant woman consumes goes towards the nourishment and development of the fetus.

Substance use during pregnancy: time for policy to catch up with research

As a result, anytime she uses drugs, her body sends some of these chemicals to the fetus. Sandberg explains, the placenta, which was once considered a barrier that protected the fetus from anything harmful the mother might consume, is actually more like a filter that allows drugs and other harmful substances to pass through. The effects of drug abuse on pregnancy, therefore, can be severe not only for the mother, but also for the unborn child.

  1. Prenatal hazardous substance use and adverse birth outcomes.
  2. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes.
  3. This approach is based on our understanding of the mechanisms of action of ATID, as well as on preclinical and clinical studies, and enables us to study the potential pharmacological and toxic effects of the drugs per se. Such treatments and care can be financially exhausting and time consuming for mothers that trying to balance a life between having a career and taking care of their baby or child.

This number shows that a small but significant number of women engage in drug use during pregnancy. The National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA explains that while several factors affect the development of a fetus and a young child, prenatal drug use does seem to cause harmful and sometimes long-term effects on the exposed child. It goes on to list the following potential side effects of illegal drug use during pregnancy: Behavioral problems Decreased arousal in fetuses Developmental delays such as impaired attention, language and learning skills The NIDA also enumerates some of the specific health effects that certain drugs have on pregnant women and their children: The effects of medications taken during pregnancy are affected by several factors, including: Together they can work out a plan to both treat any health issues and make sure that the baby is healthy and safe.

Find More Information about the Effects of Drug Use during Pregnancy When a pregnant woman abuses drugs, she is potentially putting both herself and her baby in danger.

The Effects of Drugs on Pregnancy

Fetuses and newborn children can experience severe developmental delays related to drug abuse during pregnancy. Additionally, some drugs can damage the fetus so severely it dies.

  • Oxytocin administration is under investigation for treatment of drug and alcohol use disorders 116 — 118;
  • This drug was given to woman between the 1950s to the early 1960s;
  • Therefore, understanding these potential pathways will give us one model for understanding the developmental effects of polydrug use;
  • Buprenorphine has recently emerged as another potential therapy for opioid use in pregnancy.

If you or a loved one is pregnant and worried about the effects of drugs on pregnancy, please give our toll-free helpline a call right now. Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day to talk to you about ways that drugs affect pregnancy. They can also help you find a treatment program that can help you with your pregnancy.

  1. Abstract Prenatal substance use is a critical public health concern that is linked with several harmful maternal and fetal consequences.
  2. This approach is based on our understanding of the mechanisms of action of ATID, as well as on preclinical and clinical studies, and enables us to study the potential pharmacological and toxic effects of the drugs per se. While data on illicit substance use in pregnancy is lacking for most middle- and low-income countries, according to the World Health Organization, cannabis is the most common illicit drug worldwide, followed by amphetamine-type stimulants and opiates 14 , and, as such, they are likely to be used by women of reproductive age.
  3. Exaggerated statements about the benign effects of cocaine as found in Frank et al. There is substantial preclinical evidence that cocaine and other drugs of abuse are neuroteratogens that can produce serious abnormalities in brain development.
  4. Global burden of disease attributable to illicit drug use and dependence. This drug was given to woman between the 1950s to the early 1960s.
  5. Similar patterns of use have been observed in Europe 4 , 5 and Australia 6.

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