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Research paper on the impact of technology

The advent of vast amounts of technology has certainly impacted the classroom from the youngest level to college and beyond. New research paper on the impact of technology abound and there is more every day.

Not only has the technology increased but also higher levels of efficiency have made technology more integrated and affordable. These open new doors and take teachers and students down new avenues of learning.

The future of education is almost inconceivable, and the possibilities are boundless. Kettering said this about imagination: This paper focuses on the possible uses of technology in education to stimulate skill development at high levels and remediation and at the low levels as well as connecting students to education who might otherwise not have access. Several peer-reviewed articles, a podcast, textbook citations, and Internet searches are utilized to illustrate the possibilities accomplishing this formidable task.

Before delving into the impact that technology has had on education, there are several concepts requiring background. Terminology of technology in education Behaviorism refers to the concept that people learn best as a response to external stimulus.

This concepts was most famously illustrated by Ivan Pavlov and his now famous dog, who learned a conditioned response by salivating when hearing a bell which preceded his feeding. Skinner took this concept to extremes and built vast amounts of learning theories around this. One of his most famous theories is that of Operant conditioning.

In this concept the learner is prompted by an antecedent for a particular behavior and then is rewarded or consequenced for displaying or not displaying the desired behavior. Behaviorism in its purest form dismisses the concept of any real thought processing within the learner and hold that all learning is the result of external stimulus. Social Learning Theories is a term used to describe learners abilities to learn through social modeling. For example a student sees another student receive a consequence for chewing gum in class.

On the other hand if the observer sees a student chew gum without receiving a consequence then they may elect to chew gum in class as well. Cognitive Learning Theories is a reference to the concept that learners make choices based on internal motivation. The learner processes new information and networks the information with existing networks.

There is a constant, and continuous assimilation, often based on a conflict in prior knowledge called Cognitive Conflict. The learning of skills and knowledge is not based on external antecedents and behavior is not conditioned externally. These things are brought about intrinsically and knowledge and skill are learned based on prior information and a motivation to learn.

Constructivism is a learning process whereby the learner is posed a problem or question to which creates a conflict or lack of understanding. Students work in cooperative groups to brainstorm ideas and begin to construct a concept of a solution to the problem. In this scenario all student viewpoints have value and contribute in some way.

Instruction is then adapted to respond to the students suppositions, and learning takes place and is assessed. The constructivist approach to learning falls under the general concept of cognitive learning. It addresses the need to have learners process information, fit the pieces into place, struggle with conflict and arrive at valued motivated answers.

Constructionism is a concept, which takes the constructivist approach a step farther. First introduced in the 1980s by MIT professor Seymour Papert websitethis concept adds that learners value constructing learning concepts as part of a larger dynamic. As with all cognitive concepts, motivation is research paper on the impact of technology, and is a very important driving force.

History of technology use in schools. For this concept, a brief timeline shall be paraphrased from a web forum regarding primarily the history of computers in schools from a web article called: Mainframes and minicomputers are put into place in some schools, but most are used for administration or for school counseling databases for information a bout and for students.

School vocational training programs begin to include computer maintenance. A few software companies begin to develop mainframe and minicomputer- based instructional programs. The first educational drill and practice programs are developed for personal computers.

Simple simulation programs are developed for personal computers. Computer-based tutorials and learning games are developed by commercial software manufacturers. New graphics and multimedia tools are developed for the delivery of information and instruction using the Internet; many schools are rewiring for Internet access; a few schools install web servers and provide faculty with a way to create instructional web pages.

Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information. Personal websites become popular, as does internet-based publishing and discussion forums.

Some computers incorporate TV input. Educational software becomes more useful and interesting to students as graphics and video are incorporated. Larger computer storage capacity and the growing prevalence of CD-ROM and DVD drives in personal computers make it easier for educators to store large graphic and video and sound files for educational applications.

What has technology done so far to address the needs of the learner in school? This paper focuses on two key areas: Skill improvement, challenging, remediation Many people feel that the United States has lost its global competitive edge, and that the increased use of technology in education is at least part of the solution for this.

Certainly the use of technology in the classroom, can aid in raising the skill research paper on the impact of technology of students. Mind tools, in particular allow students at all levels to take their focus off of the functions of a problem and place their thinking into a problem-solving, analytical mind-set. Mind tools can also be used to design conceptual models such as graphic organizers.

  • It is inclusive at all levels of education;
  • The learning of skills and knowledge is not based on external antecedents and behavior is not conditioned externally;
  • What has technology done so far to address the needs of the learner in school?

These require analytical thinking skills, which are high on Blooms taxonomy of thinking, and represent an important constructivist approach to understanding a problem. Yet another use for technology in skill development is that of remediation. A quick Internet search on remediation research paper on the impact of technology turns up over 1000 sites, each potentially, with numerous types of software.

There are also online tutoring programs, which address a great many needs of the learner. Analysis, design, development, and implementation. The report goes on to state that many tools are being marketed, such as computer assisted learning, games, practice tests, and communication applications. While this study did find that the web-based tutoring was useful in instruction and remediation they also found that I had limits.

They need to collaborate as well. This concept ties in well with technology as they can use technology such as Elluminate and other forms of electronic video conferencing, podcasts like Tech Teachers Podcast thru Ituneswebinars, and email to collaborate with colleagues. One example of the need for this comes from the peer-reviewed article, Teaching Social Studies with Technology: New Research on Collaborative Approaches. Using Technology for Distance Learning The technology in education is such, now, that quality learning can be accomplished from great geographical distances.

Everything from home-schooled toddlers to college graduate students are using the technological software and hardware to access classrooms that they would not otherwise be able to.

Colleges of all sorts are using this technology to increase enrollment and K-12 schools can utilize this to reach students who would not otherwise have access to adequate educational resources. The implications of this are far-reaching in financial savings as well as several other areas. The savings in transportation alone can be staggering to a school district.

A prime example of this is in the Denali Borough school district located in Alaska. This district encompasses the Denali state park, which covers roughly the area of the state of Maryland. Macbooks, Imacs, and PowerBooks are issued to the students so that they may still receive their education through the Internet on the district programs. McHale 2007 Conclusion Looking back at the history of technology in the classroom it seems that the future of technology in education is an ever-changing landscape.

No doubt the software and databases in use today will be modified or obsolete in a matter of years. Technology can allow teachers to do their jobs better by giving students a research paper on the impact of technology to further their skills and exceed learning beyond what was once thought possible.

There was a time in education when simply understanding the function of computer software and language such as Fortran and hardware would have been the endpoint of the knowledge of technology, but new ideas springboard from current ones and it is no longer necessary to understand how a chalkboard works in order to do the math problem.

Simply learning the technique allows the student to take the knowledge farther. Additionally, the slower learner now has access to remediation that they did not before and the process does not dictate the pace of an Instructionists I talk, you listen, we test classroom. This allows student to learn at their own pace and optimize their abilities, whether they be high or low.

Impact of Technology in Education - A study of the past, present and future

Technology has allowed us to move away from a Behaviorist approach to learning and teach kids or rather, allow them to teach themselves through the ability to put the pieces together themselves and the motivation to do so. This constructivist approach seems to have a lasting effect on learners because the students process information cognitively, and what a powerful learning tool that is.

Technology has also made our learning world smaller so that everyone can have research paper on the impact of technology to the education of the global classroom. It is inclusive at all levels of education. So where will it go from here? As the great inventor said: There is no doubt that this will enhance learning through both the poly-chotymus levels of instruction but through the depth of true understanding. The hardware that will come about will enhance the power of the learning logarithmically by its power, clarity, and possibilities.

The only limitations will be our imagination. Oddly, the greatest hurdle seems to have nothing to do with technology, that is the perception of the general public. Often education and technology is seen in the same way as the way that the person viewing learned; that is the behavioral model of Instruction. It is a conservative mentality that does not see value in upgrading classrooms to enhance accessibility to Internetted computers and other sources of educational technology.

As educators we must use OUR imagination to demonstrate the educational value of constructing learning through technology before it is actually available in the classroom. How to get our Groove Back, T.