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Rules for writing numbers in a research paper

This article provides tips that will help you handle this issue within your writing. These tips are based on the APA guidelines related to numbers.

Rules for Writing Numbers

The basic rules Numbers can be written either as words e. The basic rule is to use words for numbers from zero through nine, and then numbers from 10 onwards.

  • Numerals should always be used for decimals and fractions 7;
  • Numbers at the beginning of a sentence;
  • These three samples were subjected to further testing;
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This is true for both cardinal numbers e. However, there are some exceptions: The samples measured 7 cm in diameter.

Q. Do I spell out numbers in an APA paper?

These three samples were subjected to further testing. Use words for any number that is used to start a sentence, with the exception of years.

  • You should use numerals if the number modifies a unit of measurement, time or proportion 5 minutes, 8 kilograms, 54 mph;
  • Some put a space between the time and AM or PM;
  • The region has an average of 43;
  • Posted by David Becker at 03;
  • I hope that this post will help those of you transitioning from MLA Style to APA Style the next time you need to include numbers in your research papers.

Seventy-two thousand ink cartridges are sold every day. Nineteenth-century novels often feature complicated plot lines. Use words for common fractions and set expressions. According to the survey, one half of the employees are dissatisfied.

  1. APA Style, on the other hand, generally uses words for numbers below 10 and numerals for numbers 10 and above. I thought there were nine biscuits left in the tin?
  2. Twenty-seven of them were hospitalized. If you are not required to strictly follow a particular style such as APA , you may have some flexibility to modify the guidelines presented in this article.
  3. Thousands should be separated by commas. Understanding the Five Pillars of Islam is a critical first step.

Understanding the Five Pillars of Islam is a critical first step. The Fourth of July is traditionally marked by a firework display. The main exception is if you are using a percentage to begin a sentence. In this case, use words to express the entire percentage. Thirteen percent of the patients reported that their symptoms improved after taking the experimental drug. Academic language, structure and layout have a big impact on your grade for your thesis, essay or paper?

Writing Numbers

Language mistakes can diminish the credibility of all your hard work. That's the last thing you want, right? Discover the proofreading service Reporting results that include numbers If your dissertation includes quantitative research, you probably have data to report. Statistics, mathematical functions, ratios, and percentages are all written using numerals.

Improve Your Writing

This is true regardless if they are included within a table or as part of the actual text. Keep the following guidelines in mind: Report statistics that could never exceed 1. Writing numbers that are accompanied by measurements If a number comes immediately before a unit of measurement, use numerals.

Each patient received a 5-mg dosage of the experimental drug. The tallest participant was 2. Also use numerals for precise ages, times, dates, scores, points on a scale, and amounts of money.

The final score of Ghana 2, Brazil 1 did not represent a decisive victory. Most girls start reading when they are about five years old.

Numbers in your dissertation: Should you use words or numerals?

Use a period to indicate a decimal point. Starting with 1,000, use commas to separate every three digits. Starting with a million, use a combination of numerals and words. The region has an average of 43. Some predict that the number of users will reach 2 billion by 2020. Consistency may not be obvious One of the main reasons why writing numbers is complicated is that consistently applying the rules may lead to a text that actually seems very inconsistent.

  • However, do not hyphenate terms like a third or a half;
  • I hope that this post will help those of you transitioning from MLA Style to APA Style the next time you need to include numbers in your research papers;
  • Florida contains several thousand disenfranchised voters;
  • The mountain accumulated 8;
  • Thousands should be separated by commas;
  • In Chicago style, as opposed to AP style, we would write four hundred, eight thousand, and twenty million with no numerals—but like AP, Chicago style would require numerals for 401; 8,012; and 20,040,086.

Consider the following paragraphs: By the time she was 9 years old, she was taller than half of the boys in her year. Five years later, she was still ranked 15th.

As 1 out of every 11 residents saw at least part of the play, this one event can definitely be considered a success. If you are not required to strictly follow a particular style such as APAyou may have some flexibility to modify the guidelines presented in this article.

Just be sure to apply any modifications you make throughout your entire document. Is this article helpful?