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Teaching research papers to high school students

A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question problemliterature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references.

  • Share with the class or in small groups the most interesting or exciting resources they found;
  • Students examine informational text, use an inquiry-based approach, and practice genre-specific strategies for expository writing;
  • Expository writing, because its organizational structure is rooted in classical rhetoric, needs to be taught;
  • Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection;
  • Entire rough draft due Peer edit Final due on Day 25 Day 22;
  • Begin researching the information in the books and recording interesting information in their journals.

Students examine informational text, use an inquiry-based approach, and practice genre-specific strategies for expository writing. Depending on the goals of the assignment, students may work collaboratively or as individuals.

A student-written paper about color psychology provides an authentic model of a scaffold and the corresponding finished paper. The research paper scaffold is designed to be completed during seven or eight sessions over the course of four to six weeks.

This handout guides students in researching and organizing the information they need for writing their research paper.

Inquiry on the Internet: Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection: Students use Internet search engines and Web analysis checklists to evaluate online resources then write annotations that explain how and why the resources will be valuable to the class. Plot scaffolds for beginning and intermediate writers. Research paper scaffolding provides a temporary linguistic tool to assist students as they organize their expository writing.

Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing

Scaffolding assists students in moving to levels of language performance they might be unable to obtain without this support. An instructional scaffold essentially changes the role of the teacher from that of giver of knowledge to leader in inquiry.

  • Work on presentation and final paper Day 25;
  • Alliance for Excellent Education;
  • Work on presentation and final paper Day 25;
  • Teach how to write research notes on notecards;
  • Begin presentations schedule 4 — 5 presentations a day.

This relationship encourages creative intelligence on the part of both teacher and student, which in turn may broaden the notion of literacy so as to include more learning styles. An instructional scaffold is useful for expository writing because of its basis in problem solving, ownership, appropriateness, support, collaboration, and internalization. It allows students to start where they are comfortable, and provides a genre-based structure for organizing creative ideas.

  • Share introductions and conclusions Remind students that their rough drafts, including visuals, cover page and bibliography, are due the next day;
  • The middle of the card should contain a quote or the main idea from their research text.

Reading next-A vision for action and research in middle and high school literacy: A report from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Alliance for Excellent Education.

A+ Writing Research Paper Guide

In order for students to take ownership of knowledge, they must learn to rework raw information, use details and facts, and write. Teaching writing should involve direct, explicit comprehension instruction, effective instructional principles embedded in content, motivation and self-directed learning, and text-based collaborative learning to improve middle school and high school literacy.

Expository writing, because its organizational structure is rooted in classical rhetoric, needs to be taught.

  1. Do you agree, disagree? Work on notecards Share your progress with your partner Day 9.
  2. Teach how to write an introduction and conclusion Day 20. A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question problem , literature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references.
  3. That is how I know these are passionate interests.
  4. Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection. On the bottom of the card write the name of the book and the page number this information came from.
  5. Continue working on rough draft Day 18. Alliance for Excellent Education.