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The development of the hip hop culture during the seventies

Hip-Hop Origins Hip-hop is a culture born from the ashes of disco and the development of funk.

During the early 70s, many funk groups began playing disco because at the time it was the latest trend. Drawing from disco production techniques, funk music started to become technology driven as it absorbed more electronic sounds from synthesizers and drum machines.

By the mid-70s, funk became the new dance music in urban America. Looking back to New York during this era we start to see an economic collapse.

40 years on from the party where hip hop was born

Much of the white middle class began moving to the suburbs as well, and gang violence was on a rise. Many of the opportunities into the music industry and sources of recreation evaporated. During these block parties, DJs would play popular genres of music, especially funk and soul music. Similar to the style of disco DJs in their era, funk DJs would mix together percussive breaks in songs.

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Blending and mixing breaks was a common technique used in Jamaican dub music and was later introduced to New York mostly by immigrants from the Caribbean. These rhythmic reinterpretations became the most anticipated parts of songs where people danced to the most. He would also play two copies of the same record to extend the break.

This breakbeat juggling style of DJing formed the basis of turntablism that heavily influenced the rise of hip-hop music. Some of the first rap music records were recorded by live disco bands and an MC rapping over the music. He formed Zulu Nation, a music-oriented movement of creative people who believed in unity through a positive hip-hop culture. Early Music Technology Moving into the late 70s and early 80s music instrument manufacturers began designing more hardware instruments such as the legendary Roland TR-808, which was one of the first programmable drum machines.

As rap music developed, we started to see live drummers being replaced by drum machines and an increased use of DJs who would scratch records to add a percussive element to the music.

Around this time sampling technology emerged and drum machines became widely available to the general public at a cost that was affordable to the average consumer.

DJs also started to become producers and began using sampling technology to piece together breaks in songs rather than using turntables. Essentially, this technique was early remixing. Golden Age of Hip-Hop By the late 80s, hip-hop had spread across the country. Record labels recognized the genre as an emerging trend and started to invest a lot of money into the movement. New scenes and different styles emerged from city to city as the culture popularized.

The music quickly developed and became more complex as well.

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The new generation of hip-hop producers had access to more advanced drum machines and samplers that allowed them to take sampling and layering sounds to the next level.

During this time period, hip-hop was largely experimental and was being characterized by its sound, diversity, innovation, attitude, and influences from different regions.

  • She asserts the importance of celebrating the positive narratives generated by the hip hop generation;
  • Essentially, this technique was early remixing;
  • We started to hear a completely different sound because producers were no longer drawing from samples by funk, disco, and rock songs;
  • The popularity of hip-hop music continued through the 2000s and eventually found its way into mainstream pop and electronic music;
  • Hip-Hop Origins Hip-hop is a culture born from the ashes of disco and the development of funk.

New and innovative production techniques were being discovered leading to more advanced styles. Even the lyrical content from hip-hop rappers evolved.

Sampling and Copyright In the early 90s, sampling was being heavy used in rap music. The original copyright owners of the music being sampled were hearing parts of their songs used in new rap music and realized they are not getting paid for it. After many legal actions, copyright enforcement laws were implanted requiring artists to clear all of the samples in advance to avoid lawsuits. Clearing samples was very expensive, and many record labels could not afford to clear all of the samples.

Rap music began to take a whole new direction and producers had to start making their own sounds rather than relying heavily on samples.

We started to hear a completely different sound because producers were no longer drawing from samples by funk, disco, and rock songs. The music began to lose much of its jazz, soul, and esthetics.

Global Culture After the explosion of diversity during the mid-80s and 90s, hip-hop music became more commercial and was the top selling music genre by the late 90s. The popularity of hip-hop music continued through the 2000s and eventually found its way into mainstream pop and electronic music.

  • During these block parties, DJs would play popular genres of music, especially funk and soul music;
  • As rap music developed, we started to see live drummers being replaced by drum machines and an increased use of DJs who would scratch records to add a percussive element to the music;
  • Similar to the style of disco DJs in their era, funk DJs would mix together percussive breaks in songs.

To this day hip-hop is globally recognized and continues to influence music, styles, and culture around the world. It has become a lifestyle. Students will develop a deeper understanding of the roots and lineage of a variety of electronic and dance music genres, strengthen their keyboard skills, and learn valuable music theory, deepening their creative practice and facilitating effective collaborations with musical partners.

  • He would also play two copies of the same record to extend the break;
  • By the mid-70s, funk became the new dance music in urban America;
  • Sampling and Copyright In the early 90s, sampling was being heavy used in rap music;
  • You will also develop a deeper understanding of the roots and lineage of a variety of electronic and dance music genres, and explore compositional techniques and song structure;
  • This breakbeat juggling style of DJing formed the basis of turntablism that heavily influenced the rise of hip-hop music;
  • He formed Zulu Nation, a music-oriented movement of creative people who believed in unity through a positive hip-hop culture.

Most pioneering early electronic musicians had years of conservatory training in theory and performance but had access to very limited technologies. Our Music Foundations program is designed to fill this gap and provide training in fundamental skills and concepts with the electronic musician, DJ, and producer in mind. You will also develop a deeper understanding of the roots and lineage of a variety of electronic and dance music genres, and explore compositional techniques and song structure.

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