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The events that led to the russian revolution after world war ii

When it finally did, around the turn of the 20th century, it brought with it immense social and political changes.

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Between 1890 and 1910, for example, the population of major Russian cities such as St. Petersburg and Moscow nearly doubled, resulting in overcrowding and destitute living conditions for a new class of Russian industrial workers. Large protests by Russian workers against the monarchy led to the Bloody Sunday massacre of 1905.

  1. The economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort. He commanded the army, owned much of the land, and even controlled the church.
  2. The warring factions included the Red and White Armies. As minister of war, Kerensky continued the Russian war effort, even though Russian involvement in World War I was enormously unpopular.
  3. Bloody Sunday On January 22, 1905, soldiers of the Imperial guard fired on a crowd of peaceful workers while marching to the Winter Palace in St.
  4. The February Revolution The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917.

The massacre sparked the Russian revolution of 1905during which angry workers responded with a series of crippling strikes throughout the country. Nicholas II After the bloodshed of 1905, Czar Nicholas II promised the formation of a series of representative assemblies, or Dumas, to work toward reform. Their involvement in the war would soon prove disastrous for the Russian Empire. Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for industrialized Germany, and Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war.

Food and fuel shortages plagued Russia as inflation mounted. The economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort.

Czar Nicholas left the Russian capital of Petrograd St. Petersburg in 1915 to take command of the Russian Army front.

Russian Revolution of 1917

During this time, her controversial advisor, Grigory Rasputinincreased his influence over Russian politics and the royal Romanov family. By then, most Russians had lost faith in the failed leadership of the czar.

Government corruption was rampant, the Russian economy remained backward and Nicholas repeatedly dissolved the Duma, the toothless Russian parliament established after the 1905 revolution, when it opposed his will.

  • None of the events discussed below caused the Russian Revolution but each of them brought the country one step closer to the boiling point;
  • Its causes were not so much economic or social as political and cultural;
  • Their involvement in the war would soon prove disastrous for the Russian Empire.

Moderates soon joined Russian radical elements in calling for an overthrow of the hapless czar. Demonstrators clamoring for bread took to the streets of Petrograd.

Supported by huge crowds of striking industrial workers, the protesters clashed with police but refused to leave the streets.

When Was the Russian Revolution?

On March 11, the troops of the Petrograd army garrison were called out to quell the uprising. In some encounters, the regiments opened fire, killing demonstrators, but the protesters kept to the streets and the troops began to waver. The Duma formed a provisional government on March 12. A few days later, Czar Nicholas abdicated the throne, ending centuries of Russian Romanov rule. The leaders of the provisional government, including young Russian lawyer Alexander Kerensky, established a liberal program of rights such as freedom of speech, equality before the law, and the right of unions to organize and strike.

5 Events that Led to the Russian Revolution of 1917

They opposed violent social revolution. As minister of war, Kerensky continued the Russian war effort, even though Russian involvement in World War I was enormously unpopular. Unrest continued to grow as peasants looted farms and food riots erupted in the cities.

Lenin instead called for a Soviet government that would be ruled directly by councils of soldiers, peasants and workers.

Russian Revolution

The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head. The warring factions included the Red and White Armies. The White Army represented a large group of loosely allied forces, including monarchists, capitalists and supporters of democratic socialism.