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The major contributions of freud in psychology

Student Answers parama9000 Student He constantly reinforced the fact that a person's deeper consciousness, or psyche was the key to solve psychological problems. He was a neurological doctor. He believed that his patients problems didn't have any neurological sense. So, He believed that to really know their problems you need to dive in their unconscious. He developed free-association, where his patient said anything that came to their mind, didn't matter if it was embarrassing.

He believed that this revealed clues to their unconscious.

What Were Sigmund Freud's Contributions To The Study Of Human Psychology?

Freud also was a huge impact on personality. He divided personality into three: Id was a bad guy, it looked for immediate gratification and pleasure. It went for whatever felt right. This was in the unconscious.

Ego was the executive, it mediated the superego and the id.

  • Intellectualization involves removing one's self, emotionally, from a stressful event, by focusing on rational and factual components of the situation;
  • In 1890, when psychoanalysis was still unheard of, William James, in his monumental treatise on psychology, examined the way Schopenhauer, von Hartmann, Janet, Binet and others had used the term 'unconscious' and 'subconscious'".

It acted based on the reality principle, conscious. Superego was the moral compass. It told the ego to not only consider the reality principle but also the ideal.

The Case of Anna O

Superego focused on how we ought to behave. Freud also created the psychosexual stages. Oral stage 18 months mouth Anal stage 18-36 potty training Phallic 1-6 Oedipus complex, a boy would find their mother attractive and would be jealous of his father. Freud believed that some memories that are too painful are repressed.

These can be retrieved in the pre-conscious. Repressed ones are blocked! Overall, Freud contributed greatly to the study of human psychology. Freud believed that disturbed mental states are influenced by repressed buried and forgotten impressions, many of them dating from childhood, and that if these recollections are revived in a process called psychoanalysis, the patient can be cured. He used a technique called free association, in which a patient talks about what is on his or her mind, jumping from one thought to the next.

2 contributions made by Freud to psychology

If patients were unable to free these deep, often painful thoughts, hypnosis a sleeplike state in which a person is open to suggestion might provide the information. Yet because some people could not be hypnotized, Freud turned to another expression of the unconscious mind that part of the mind of which a person is unaware —dreams. In 1899 Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams, one of many works he produced throughout his career. From his research, Freud concluded that the mind is made up of three parts: The id is the source of instincts and emerges at birth.

Later the ego keeps the id, which wants only to satisfy its desires, under control.

  • It seems more plausible, as Freud suggested, that the fish represented the patient's mother rather than a penis!
  • Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993, pp;
  • But the contention of some of Freud's critics here is that his patients were not recalling childhood fantasies, but traumatic events in their childhood which were all too real, and that he had stumbled upon, and knowingly suppressed, the fact that the level of child sexual abuse in society is much higher than is generally believed or acknowledged;
  • The traditional story, based on Freud's later accounts of this period, is that as a result of his use of this procedure most of his patients in the mid-1890s reported early childhood sexual abuse;
  • Freud's views are still being questioned by people concerned about women's equality;
  • Another frequently criticized aspect of Freud's theories is his model of psychosexual development.

The superego is the conscience the morals and ideas presented by other authority figures. Freud theorized that if part of the mind was in conflict with another, a neurosis a mental or emotional disorder takes places.

The enduring scientific contributions of Sigmund Freud.

Freud's theories were accepted among some scientists and became influential in child-rearing and education. Yet while Freudian analysis is credited with helping some mentally ill patients, a number of psychologists rejected Freud's theories and developed their own. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993, pp. November 29, 1993, pp.

Who can edit:

Rourke, 1993; Muchenhoupt, Margaret. Explorer of the Unconscious. Oxford University Press, 1999. Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.