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The similarities and differences between hong kong and china generations

  1. For Taiwan, a similar shift in identity can also be observed.
  2. The government passes funds to private organizations that provide services and monitors their effectiveness. There is also only a need to file a return yearly.
  3. Traditional Chinese and British societies were patriarchal, and men continue to have more power and authority than do women. The difference in Hong Kong and China with the Chinese holidays is the length.
  4. So Japan seemed violent and unlikeable to the Taiwanese, especially the indigenous. Polygamy was allowed until 1971.

Emotions were just as highly charged outside the stadium — including at the outdoor screenings of the match in various neighbourhoods. Fung Long-hei, then an 18-year-old student, watched the match with other Hong Kong supporters at one such screening in Sham Shui Po. Fung, born in Hong Kong in 1997, the year the former British colony was transferred to Chinese sovereignty, was clear where his allegiances lay as he cheered on the local team and swore at its opponents.

In the 20 years since the handover, the degree to which Hong Kong people have identified with some form of Chinese identity has seen ups and downs, but in recent years, the trajectory has been downwards. Between 2008 and 2016, those who see themselves as a Hongkonger or a Hongkonger in China rose from 47. The figures are even starker when they are broken down into age groups. For 18 to 29-year-olds, those who identify as Hongkongers in a broad sense rose from 58.

Lau Man-yee, a secondary school liberal studies teacher, was born in Hong Kong in 1967, a year in which Hong Kong was rocked by violent riots against colonial rule that were inspired by the Cultural Revolution in the Mainland.

Her memories of China from her childhood are of visiting relatives with her parents — they often had to bring a lot of clothes and food because resources were scarce. The difference is he was born in Guangdong and came to Hong Kong when he was 16.

  • Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations Nongovernmental organizations are important because the government prides itself on nonintervention;
  • It is a dialect of south China, in the Mainland China region of Guangdong province;
  • But you go to your local supermarket and prices of goods are increasing quick;
  • In 1999, 60 percent of men and 40 percent of women were in the labor force;
  • The influence of national identity fades with the younger generation born after 1997;
  • Chinese tend to indulge infants' and preschool children's demands and do not attempt to control their impulsive behavior.

As a young child, Ng experienced the Cultural Revolution in China. And as a young man in Hong Kong, a signature event was the crackdown on the 1989 pro-democracy movement in Beijing. It bolstered his sense of patriotism and made him want to fight for a better China.

A June 4 vigil in Hong Kong. Growing up in an age of instability and scarcity has instilled in Ng a strong determination to climb up the social ladder.

We would focus a lot on how to improve our quality of life. She says Hong Kong people do not necessarily have a sense of belonging to China. She did not always have a negative view of China.

Similarities and differences on the development of Hong Kong Identity and Taiwan Identity

In secondary school she joined exchange tours to urban cities and service trips to rural villages and witnessed the great advances in infrastructure and technology in the Mainland. But what she has seen since then is that the economic miracle did not bring greater civil rights and political participation.

Law grew up in the 1980s and 1990s, which were the golden years of rapid economic development for Hong Kong. Within a couple of decades, the city had managed to transform from an industrial centre into an international financial centre.

Popular culture thrived and the general living standard improved. She admits to having different expectations for the city back then. Hong Kong handover ceremony in 1997. Choy Kai-leung, who was also born in 1984, candidly says that he does not have a close bond with the Chinese people.

‘I am a Hongkonger’: How China loses the hearts of the city’s young generation

He says he was more excited when Cheung Chau windsurfer Lee Lai-shan won a gold medal in the 1996 Olympics than by the handover in 1997. Choy concludes that the June 4 crackdown is the major reason he identifies more as a Hong Kong person rather than a Chinese person.

Every five years, Choy joins the June 4 candlelight vigil in Victoria Park, although he sees little hope of helping to build a democratic China though shouting political slogans every year. This sense of futility has contributed to the falling number of participants at the vigil recently.

June 4 vigil at Victoria Park.

Global From Asia

Fung Long-hei, the 1997-born Hong Kong football team supporter, is one those who refuses to join the vigil, because he thinks it is useless to demonstrate every year as nothing can be achieved. Fung, who is a social work student, is a former member of Scholarism, the student organisation that led the protest against government plans to introduce compulsory national education in schools in 2012. Like many of his peers, Fung has embraced a local Hong Kong identity and is firmly against any further integration with the Mainland.

Cognitive Skills Differ Across Cultures and Generations

He sees separation rather than negotiation as the solution to gaining greater freedom. Brian Fong, the Education University professor, is unsurprised that young people have a negative view of China. Admiralty during the Occupy protest. Alcuin Lai, via Flickr. Ma Ngok, an associate professor from the Department of Government and Public Administration at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, agrees with Fong that there are generational factors behind the changing sentiments towards mainland China among people of different ages.

He says people born in the 1960s still lean towards nationalism, and that influence passes onto their children. The influence of national identity fades with the younger generation born after 1997.

  • There are 540,000 Christians, and Christianity is growing among the young and university-educated;
  • This is because the court system is more open to English and follows a lot of UK practices;
  • The chief executive is selected by an electoral assembly picked by China, and is assisted by an executive council whose members tend to be leading industrialists;
  • Sports are not emphasized, in part because of the lack of space in many schools and housing areas.

Taking into consideration the increasing political control, the more negative side of greater economic integration and competition over baby formula, hospital beds and school places, more Hong Kong people are finding it difficult to accept further integration.

Looking to the future, Ma predicts greater deterioration of relations that will continue to tear Hong Kong and mainland China apart.