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To avoid the charge of plagiarism a direct quote in a research paper needs

  • This practice usually involves the addition of a page number, or a paragraph number in the case of web content;
  • If you included more than one source or reference in a footnote, the relevance or order of the various sources should be clear to the reader.

Editing It is not hard to draw the distinction between original and thoroughly plagiarized work. But the "grey areas" between these extremes are more vexing. Students should avoid any hint of dishonesty by maintaining good research habits and paying attention to a few basic rules of writing and documentation. Whether you keep notes on index cards, in a loose-leaf binder, or on old envelopes in a desk drawer, it is important to record and organize them in such a way that vital information is not lost.

Keep careful and complete track of sources. Accurately copy the author, title, and other information about the source publication, including the number s of the page s from which notes or quotes were taken.

  • How can i avoid plagiarism be ready to take notes while you research distinguish between direct quotes and your and not directly into your research paper;
  • As it stands, the passage is clearly plagiarized;
  • Writing As you begin to tie your ideas together in written form, consider the following;
  • How to avoid plagiarism you may not need to cite a reference to piaget's developmental stages in a paper for an education you must use quotation;
  • Writing As you begin to tie your ideas together in written form, consider the following:

Distinguish carefully between your ideas and the ideas of others. This is a simple question of intellectual honesty.

If you come to the same conclusions as another on your own, you should still acknowledge the agreement. Distinguish carefully between your own words and those of others.

  1. How to document research papers and avoid the plagiarism trap academic paper documentation in research papers includes citing direct quotations.
  2. The steps above are essential for research paper writing.
  3. Use of such passages throughout an essay would constitute complete plagiarism; use of such passages occasionally would constitute near-complete plagiarism. It flows down from God into the transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and love their enemies, because the God of Grace imparts worth to them by the act of loving them.
  4. By the pursuit of value in its object, Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and persons to the realm of the Ideas.

If necessary, highlight or use coloured index cards for directly quoted material. Writing As you begin to tie your ideas together in written form, consider the following: Begin by organizing your essay in an original manner. Avoid mimicking the pattern or order of argument used by others.

As you weave the ideas and language of others into your work, make clear choices about the use of quoted material. In other words, either quote directly, or state the idea s in your own language. Do not mess around with close paraphrases or purely cosmetic changes. See Example 4 Read the first draft carefully. Is the distinction between your work and the work of others clear and unambiguous? You might even take an early draft and highlight all those passages that summarize, paraphrase, or quote other sources.

Is there enough of your own work left in the essay? Footnoting Many cases of plagiarism occur in the documentation rather than the body of the essay. You should have a clear idea of the variety of purposes a footnote or endnote may serve, and many different ways you can acknowledge the work of others.

For specific cases See Example 5.

Also note the following: The footnote should allow the reader to find or check the material being cited. Provide exact page numbers for direct quotes, and a range of page numbers for more general points. If you included more than one source or reference in a footnote, the relevance or order of the various sources should be clear to the reader. Editing Once your essay is complete, consider each portion that is drawn from another source, and ask yourself the following: Is the idea or argument expressed entirely my own?

Is the general language or choice of words including even phrases or rough paraphrases my own? If either answer is "no," the work must be credited to the original author. In the first case, the plagiarist also lifts the footnote from the original.

Note that the use of even very brief passages such as the "wings of aspiration" constitutes plagiarism. Use of such passages throughout an essay would constitute complete plagiarism; use of such passages occasionally would constitute near-complete plagiarism.

Students interested in a well-illustrated discussion of student plagiarism, might want to consult this: The example used below is on p. By the pursuit of value in its object, Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and persons to the realm of the Ideas.

It flows down from God into this transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and love their enemies. New York, 1932pp. By the pursuit of value in its objects. Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and persons to the realm of the Ideas.

  • EXAMPLE 3 Lazy Plagiarism In this example, the student may have made a sincere effort to write an original passage, but sloppy research and documentation raise the possibility of plagiarism;
  • Original work demands original thought and organization of thoughts;
  • If necessary, highlight or use coloured index cards for directly quoted material;
  • Read it and put it into your own words;
  • This usually entails the addition of the author s and the date of the publication or similar information.

Agape as described in the Gospels and Epistles, is "spontaneous and uncaused," "indifferent to human merit," and creates value in those upon whom it is bestowed out of pure generosity.

It flows down from God into the transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and love their enemies, because the God of Grace imparts worth to them by the act of loving them.

Their strategies were carried out on two fronts.

Plagiarism - What it is and how to avoid it

They pressured the proprietors into holding out indefinitely by refusing to send new collars and cuffs to any laundry. They tried to create a negative image of the union through the press, which they virtually controlled.

Plagiarized Version The strike began on May 29, and on June 1 the manufacturers met publicly to plan their response. They had two strategies. They also tried to create a negative image of the union through the newspapers, which they virtually controlled. Irish Working Women in Troy," pp. Edited by Mary Beth Norton Boston: As it stands, the passage is clearly plagiarized. If a footnote were added acknowledging the sources, the substantial use of the language of the original passage would still open the student to charges of plagiarism.

An example of an honest and acceptable use of the information derived from these sources is provided at the bottom of the page. Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. Plagiarized Version Despite strong public opposition, by December 1981 the Reagan Administration was working through Argentine intermediaries to install contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps in Honduras.

The Administration set up a number of military and training facilities--some American, some contra, and some housing Argentine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. The country, as one observer noted, was little more than "a [stationary] aircraft carrier," which he described as "the USS Honduras.

EXAMPLE 3 Lazy Plagiarism In this example, the student may have made a sincere effort to write an original passage, but sloppy research and documentation raise the possibility of plagiarism.

Note the characteristic errors: Plagiarized Version Despite strong public opposition, the Reagan Administration "continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras, a stationary aircraft carrier or sorts. Avoiding plagiarism is not an exercise in inventive paraphrasing. There is no magic number of words that you can add or change to make a passage your own.

To avoid the charge of plagiarism a direct quote in a research paper needs

Original work demands original thought and organization of thoughts. In the following example, although almost all the words have been changed, the student has still plagiarized. An acceptable use of this material is also provided below. That the presentation of Shakespeare in small Mississippi towns could be conceived of as potentially lucrative tells us much about the position of Shakespeare in the nineteenth century.

Lawrence Levine, Highbrow, Lowbrow: Because the production of Shakespeare in tiny Southern towns is seen as possibly profitable, we learn a lot about the status of Shakespeare before the twentieth century. Acceptable Version As Lawrence Levine argues, casual references to Shakespeare in popular nineteenth century literature suggests that the identification of "highbrow" theatre is a relatively recent phenomenon.

Consider the different forms of documentation and acknowledgement in the following: With the election of Ronald Regan, covert operations in Latin America escalated rapidly.

The Administration set up a number of military and training facilities--some American, some contra, and some housing Argengine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. New York, 1989p.