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What to include in conclusion of research paper

Strategies for Writing a Conclusion Strategies for Writing a Conclusion Conclusions are often the most difficult part of an essay to write, and many writers feel that they have nothing left to say after having written the paper.

Make Your Conclusion Effective

A writer needs to keep in mind that the conclusion is often what a reader remembers best. Your conclusion should be the best part of your paper. A conclusion should stress the importance of the thesis statement, give the essay a sense of completeness, and leave a final impression on the reader.

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  • The same is true for your audience;
  • In any paper, you'll want to push beyond mere summary to suggest the implications or applications of your work;
  • Example Though serving on a jury is not only a civic responsibility but also an interesting experience, many people still view jury duty as a chore that interrupts their jobs and the routine of their daily lives;
  • To suggest the implications of your findings or the importance of the topic.

Suggestions Answer the question "So What? Show them that your paper was meaningful and useful. Synthesize, don't summarize Don't simply repeat things that were in your paper.

They have read it. Show them how the points you made and the support and examples you used were not random, but fit together.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

Redirect your readers Give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" world. If your introduction went from general to specific, make your conclusion go from specific to general.

  • Judicial capacity has been too long misunderstood and too long neglected;
  • Never use the first person at all;
  • A conclusion should stress the importance of the thesis statement, give the essay a sense of completeness, and leave a final impression on the reader;
  • Discuss the future of your subject You have to address the future perspective of your research and the considered issue.

Create a new meaning You don't have to give new information to create a new meaning. By demonstrating how your ideas work together, you can create a new picture. Often the sum of the paper is worth more than its parts. Strategies Echoing the introduction: Echoing your introduction can be a good strategy if it is meant to bring the reader full-circle.

  • The introduction is aimed to only summarize what has been written before;
  • We suggest re-reading the whole body of your paper focusing on the most important arguments and facts;
  • Redirect your readers Give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" world.

If you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay was helpful in creating a new understanding. Example Introduction From the parking lot, I could see the towers of the castle of the Magic Kingdom standing stately against the blue sky. To the right, the tall peak of The Matterhorn rose even higher. From the left, I could hear the jungle sounds of Adventureland. Disneyland may have been built for children, but it brings out the child in adults.

Conclusion I thought I would spend a few hours at Disneyland, but here I was at 1: I could see tired children, toddling along and struggling to keep their eyes open as best they could. Others slept in their parents' arms as we waited for the parking lot tram that would take us to our cars.

Make Your Last Words Count

My forty-year-old feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would be leaving California, my vacation over, to go back to my desk. But then I smiled to think that for at least a day I felt ten years old again. By issuing a challenge to your readers, you are helping them to redirect the information in the paper, and they may apply it to their own lives. Example Though serving on a jury is not only a civic responsibility but also an interesting experience, many people still view jury duty as a chore that interrupts their jobs and the routine of their daily lives.

However, juries are part of America's attempt to be a free and just society. Thus, jury duty challenges us to be interested and responsible citizens. Looking to the future: Looking to the future can emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process.

It may help them apply the new information to their lives or see things more globally. Example Without well-qualified teachers, schools are little more than buildings and equipment.

  1. In the introduction, ask a question. When the whole paper is done, restate this question in the conclusion, and provide a clear answer.
  2. Our youth will suffer.
  3. Summarize main points of your paper Remind your readers your key points.

If higher-paying careers continue to attract the best and the brightest students, there will not only be a shortage of teachers, but the teachers available may not have the best qualifications. Our youth will suffer.

How do you start drafting a conclusion?

And when youth suffers, the future suffers. Posing questions, either to your readers or in general, may help your readers gain a new perspective on the topic, which they may not have held before reading your conclusion.

It may also bring your main ideas together to create a new meaning. Example Campaign advertisements should help us understand the candidate's qualifications and positions on the issues. Instead, most tell us what a boob or knave the opposing candidate is, or they present general images of the candidate as a family person or God-fearing American.

Do such advertisements contribute to creating an informed electorate or a people who choose political leaders the same way they choose soft drinks and soap?

For questions and suggestions, please e-mail us at leolink stcloudstate. This document may be copied for educational purposes only. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers. Techniques and examples are adapted from Basic Writing: