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Where do footnotes go in a research paper

Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Footnotes should match with a superscript number at the end of the sentence referencing the source.

  • Random House, 2000 , 15;
  • Citing online sources Generally, follow the same principals of footnotes to cite online sources;
  • You should include the version you are referencing.

You should begin with 1 and continue numerically throughout the paper. Do not start the order over on each page. Throughout the first half of the novel, Strether has grown increasingly open and at ease in Europe; this quotation demonstrates openness and ease. Henry James, The Ambassadors Rockville: Serenity, When citing a source more than once, use a shortened version of the footnote.

James, The Ambassadors, Citing sources with more than one author If there are two or three authors of the source, include their full names in the order they appear on the source.

Smith, Tim Sampson, and Alex J. Hubbard, Example Book New York: Scholastic, Smith, Example Book New York: Citing sources with other contributor information You may want to include other contributor information in your footnotes such as editor, translator, or compiler.

If there is more than one of any given contributor, include their full names in the order they appear on the source. John Smith, Example Book, trans. Random House, John Smith, Example Book, ed. Tim Thomas New York: Simply omit the unknown information and continue with the footnote as usual.

Example Book New York: Citing a part of a work When citing a specific part of a work, provide the relevant page or section identifier. This can include specific pages, sections, or volumes.

If page numbers cannot be referenced, simply exclude them. Below are different templates: Part of a multivolume work: John Smith, vol 2. Chapter in a book: Appleton, Introduction, afterword, foreword, or preface: Work from to Present, ed.

Article in a periodical: Citing group or corporate authors In your footnotes, cite a corporate author like you would a normal author. Citing an entire source When citing an entire work, there are no specific page numbers to refer to. Therefore, simply exclude the page numbers from the footnote. Citing indirect sources When an original source is unavailable, then cite the secondhand source — for instance, a lecture in a conference proceedings.

If using a published address, use a footnote with the following format. Citing the Bible The title of books in the Bible should be abbreviated. Chapter and verses should be separated by a colon.

You should include the version you are referencing. Citing online sources Generally, follow the same principals of footnotes to cite online sources. Refer to the author if possible and include the URL.

  • You should begin with 1 and continue numerically throughout the paper;
  • Citing sources with more than one author If there are two or three authors of the source, include their full names in the order they appear on the source;
  • Refer to the author if possible and include the URL;
  • Therefore, simply exclude the page numbers from the footnote;
  • Random House, 1992 , 25.

Citing online sources with no author If there is no author, use either the article or website title to begin the citation. Be sure to use quotes for article titles and include the URL. Sign up for a free EasyBib account to receive our newsletters, updates, and more!

  • Be sure to use quotes for article titles and include the URL;
  • Part of a multivolume work;
  • Random House, 1995 , 19;
  • Footnotes should match with a superscript number at the end of the sentence referencing the source.