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Advantages of using uniforms in schools in united states

Messenger In a growing number of school districts across the nation, students must wear a uniform. This is not the stereotypical school uniform associated with Catholic schools — pleated plaid skirt with a blouse for girls; a button-down shirt, a necktie and dark pants for boys. According to the US Department of Educationwearing a uniform can decrease the risk of violence and theft, instill discipline and help school officials recognize intruders who come to the school.

As a former teacher, principal and superintendent and now a policy and law scholar, I am skeptical about such claims. Research on the effects of school uniforms is still nascent. And the findings on the impact of school uniforms on student behavior, discipline, connection to the school, attendance and academic gains is at best mixed. Lawsuits, protests, individuality About half of schools around the country have dress codes policies.

A dress code identifies what clothes cannot be worn to school. A school uniform policy defines what clothes must be worn to school. Dress codes limit clothing options while school uniforms define clothing options. Schools claim that when students come in uniforms, it improves discipline and leads to academic gains. The Bossier Parish School Board in Louisiana enacted a uniform policy in 2001 in order to increase test scores and reduce disciplinary problems.

Student opinions, discipline referrals and school police data studied

However, such mandatory policies that decide what students can or cannot wear to schools, have led to free speech violations lawsuits. Students allege such policies are unconstitutionalas they restrict their freedom of expression. There have been nine lawsuits up to 2014. School districts have won almost all the cases, except one, where an appeals court found the uniform policy of a Nevada school unconstitutional.

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In addition, students have protested in their schools as well. Students in an online protest wrote: Also, [it] will not change study habits of students. Parents do not have that type of money, especially in this economy.

We have the right to freedom of expression and would like to keep it that way.

  1. A dress code identifies what clothes cannot be worn to school. This is part of a program instituted in 2010 to supply disadvantaged children with school uniforms.
  2. If you ask students if they like to wear a uniform, 99 percent of them will say no.
  3. Italy[ edit ] In Italy, school uniforms are uncommon, partially because child uniforms are associated with the era of Benito Mussolini before World War II when children were placed according to their age into Italian Fascist youth movements and had to wear uniforms inside and outside school.

Research shows mixed results: But then, there are others that show an increase in student suspensions. A few others show no significant change in student misbehavior. Research shows mixed results of the impact of school uniforms on student behavior.

  • It is essential to note that the school uniform implementation at the school studied was a collaborative and informative effort among school staff, district administrators and parents;
  • Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources;
  • Exact numbers are included in the study, where I also note that 30 to 40 percent of the student population reported benefits, so it may be useful from a practical perspective;
  • School uniform may also serve as symbol of commitment to academic achievement.

Student image via www. In fact, middle and high school students experienced a significant increase in suspensions. By contrast, a 2003 study that used a large national data set concluded that elementary and middle schools with school uniforms had fewer student behavior problems.

School uniforms by country

But, again, it found that high schools had a greater frequency of misbehavior. In reality, the data showed no change in incidents of crime, violence and suspensions. Similarly, research on the efficacy of school uniforms on increasing student attendance and achievement is conflicted. For example, one study concluded that school uniforms resulted in increased student achievement and increased attendance.

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However, another study found little impact on academics at all levels and little evidence of improvement in attendance for girls and drop in attendance for boys.

Implications for policy So, what does lack of consistent research mean for policy?

  1. It is essential to note that the school uniform implementation at the school studied was a collaborative and informative effort among school staff, district administrators and parents.
  2. The Conference of Education Ministers, a body which decides on school policies, also kicked back against school uniforms. If schools decide to change their uniform, for example with a new emblem or colour, changes should be restricted to one or two items, preferably with sew-on logos.
  3. College of Education researchers conduct study on impacts of school uniforms Student opinions, discipline referrals and school police data studied University of Nevada, Reno College of Education researcher Jafeth Sanchez pictured studied student opinions and effects of school uniforms in three Washoe County School District middle schools in northern Nevada with colleague Gus Hill. If you want more information on how to protect your schools, give OSSI a call today at 888 488-2623 or 262 522-1870 for an Integrator near you.

In my view, it does not mean that schools should not implement such policies. It does mean, however, that educators must be clear about the goals that they hope to achieve with mandating school uniforms. There is often a cost associated with mandatory school uniform policies.

Lawsuits and community reactions can take up scarce resources of time and money.

Unbelievably Real Benefits of School Uniforms

Decreased discipline problems, increased attendance and increased academic achievement may not be achieved just by wearing khaki and blue. But there may be other benefits, such as, it could help a school promote its brand through a uniform look.

  • By wearing a uniform dress code, students can find other means to showcase their creativity;
  • In the Haredi or ultra-Orthodox school system, uniforms are compulsory in essentially all girls' schools;
  • Chilean school uniform In Chile, most schools have a uniform.

School uniform may also serve as symbol of commitment to academic achievement. The point is that clarity of purpose and outcome is necessary before students don their uniform in the morning.

What

I believe school uniforms may be part of a broad array of programs and approaches that a school may adopt to bring change. However, as a standalone measure, it implies that schools are simply trying to find an easy fix for difficult and complex problems. School uniforms alone cannot bring about a sustained or large-scale change.