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An argument in favor of the capital punishment in the united states

The existence of capital punishment and the threat that is it is a possibility is enough to deter crime and as a result, this practice should be continued. If future criminals feel that they can easily get off with a light sentence for one of the most horrible possible crimes, it seems only natural that instances of murder would increase.

But over the years, several studies have shown that killing convicted murderers does deter future murders" Sage 77. In addition to the more statistical aspect of the benefits of keeping capital punishment, there is a more ethereal issue to contend with; the pain and suffering of both the victim and his or her family.

  1. In 2017 just 39 death sentences were handed down nationwide, a very tiny number as compared to the number of homicides.
  2. In a larger sense, capital punishment is the ultimate warning against all crimes. It Is Hypocritical It is strange that a nation would denounce the practice of murder by committing the very same act.
  3. Maybe it doesn't act as a deterrent for hardened criminals or for those who act in passion, but it is most likely to act as a deterrent for those who plan a murder after carefully taking into account all the possibilities. The arguments against retribution Capital punishment is vengeance rather than retribution and, as such, is a morally dubious concept The anticipatory suffering of the criminal, who may be kept on death row for many years, makes the punishment more severe than just depriving the criminal of life That's certainly true in the USA, but delay is not an inherent feature of capital punishment; some countries execute people within days of sentencing them to death Some people are prepared to argue against retribution as a concept, even when applied fairly.
  4. But it requires that the condemned breathe deeply. Can we identify those with serious psychological problems before they commit awful crimes and leave a trail of victims?
  5. In fact, the only fallout from Willingham may in fact have been to strengthen the resolve of death penalty supporters.

The act of murdering someone is one of the most heinous acts and must be dealt with accordingly so that the families and victims of the crime have some sort of retribution. By examining the benefits of capital punishment in deterring crime and looking at the more philosophical issues of general punishment for murder it will be demonstrated how important it is for the nation to retain capital punishment.

There are many statistics that point to the success of capital punishment. Several studies indicate a strong correlation between execution and the determent of crimes, especially murder. Tests show that results are not driven by tougher sentencing laws. While this data is highly subjective and considers the national average as opposed to a region or city it does show that violence is reduced.

Although tough sentences that are imposed for serious non-capital crimes are generally extremely high, it is interesting that the thought of life in prison is not as much of a determent as the prospect of death. When people are trying to make a decision about capital punishment, many are inclined to think that it is not fair to punish one murder with another and others tend to suggest that there is too much of a possibility of executing the wrong person.

While there may be some legitimacy to these claims, it seems much more pressing for us to consider what a beneficial solution capital punishment has been. Although it would be impossible to support in any real argument for capital punishment, it seems fair, based on the data that is already available, to suggest that murder rates would be far higher in this country if we did not have capital punishment in many states.

Arguments in favour of capital punishment

Those who would question this might remind us that the murder rates are lower in Europe than in the United States Ellsworth 119 and they do not have capital punishment. The counter-argument, however, is that they do not face some of the same societal problems that we do in the United States and thus what works for them might not apply in the case of our society. In general, keeping capital punishment has been proven to work in deterring some instances of murder and thus we should not try to fix what is not broken and should keep capital punishment.

For further proof as to the usefulness of capital punishment in deterring crime, it is necessary to consider how it deters crime when its existence directly confronts people. It should be noted as well that many studies reveal that this particularly the case if the execution has been highly publicized. The more publicity devoted to the execution, the more homicides decrease thereafter. This decrease apparently occurs because capital punishment has a short-term deterrent effect on homicides" Phillips 139.

An Argument in Favor of Capital Punishment

Although this study only examines the short-term decreases in homicides following an execution, there is plenty of evidence that suggests that capital punishment brings overall rates of murder down—simply because it exists and is a possibility. When people are confronted with the realities of capital punishment as opposed to thinking about it in more abstract terms, they are more likely to understand and internalize its message.

With the data above it is conceivable to think how a potential murderer could witness an execution and then really get the message that it is a real and effective punishment. Whether or not this study only looks at the short term effects after one witnesses an execution, it is still proof that this mode of punishment is directly connected with lower rates of violent crime.