Homeworks academic service


An introduction to the issue of hate on the internet

  • Both groups see feminism as a dangerous ideology that attacks the essential character of both men and women;
  • A third myth, the dispassionate Aryan myth, describes someone who is able to remain calm in all circumstances;
  • One of the most notable elements of Aryan morality is the compassion one should show other Aryans, particularly Aryan women;
  • Blacks are constructed as taking pleasure in the harming of white people;
  • Formerly, a gathering of neo-Nazis might require a participant to travel great distances to an isolated location in order to be around others with whom he could be himself;
  • However, Waltman and Davis argued that The Turner Diaries offers instead a specific collective Aryan identity for how one may be a proper racist that goes beyond identification by antithesis.

Hunter Moral Aryan The moral Aryan myth is a narrative that enunciates the values and personal behavior that constitute moral conduct for the racially conscious white person. One of the most notable elements of Aryan morality is the compassion one should show other Aryans, particularly Aryan women. X X Dispassionate Aryan This myth teaches that the proper racist is calm in all circumstances.

This dispassionate state is most valuable when the racist Aryan is engaged in violence or preparing for violence. This involves the complete subordination of individual identity to racial identity, which is rewarded with a kind of eternal life when one is remembered by other Aryans after an honorable death.

X Black predator This myth constructs black people, particularly black men, as an ongoing threat to white people.

In This Article

Blacks are understood to be robbers, murderers, and rapists. Blacks are constructed as taking pleasure in the harming of white people. X X Black savage The black savage myth is used to construct the African American identity as inferior and subhuman.

This is accomplished through frequent use of animalistic metaphors e. X X Jewish vampire The Jewish vampire myth is grounded in the belief that the Jewish race has never produced its own culture. Jewish women are described as fat and grotesque. This is also evident in constructions of Jews as animal-like and living solely for the sake of gratifying their senses.

Jewish is assumed to be equivalent to ugly. X X Jewish pornographer The Jewish pornographer myth seeks to link the corruption of wholesome whites through race mixing and other liberal agendas to the Jew. The notion of Jewish pornography has a less literal reference to the government through laws, such as the legalization of same-sex civil unions and the media e.

Their lack of racial consciousness prevents an introduction to the issue of hate on the internet from identifying with Aryan culture and participating in an Aryan collective memory.

Sleeping white men are appropriately viewed as an other. In part, the white man is sleeping because he has been weakened and made comfortable by the creature comforts of capitalism. White men are sleeping due to brainwashing and materialism. The sleeping white man myth is ultimately used to justify the racial holy war.

Ethnoterrorism and an eventual racial holy war are necessary solutions because ZOG and the Jewish-controlled media have made Aryans second-class citizens, reversing the natural superiority won by Aryans.

Readers learn the Female Aryan Ideal Myth as the main character glorifies the physical attributes of Aryan women. Women are revered for their ability to produce white children. Thus, Aryan women are key to the survival of the Aryan race. Women are also revered when they support men and avoid Feminist beliefs. Hunter teaches readers the pride Aryans should take in a job well-done. Thus, Aryan pleasure is realized by committing ethnoviolence against the enemies of the Aryan race. The Independent Aryan Myth blends identity and societal myths to explain, on the one hand, specific characteristics a Lone Wolf should cultivate.

These are all qualities that facilitate Lone Wolf violence. X Goehring and Dionisoupoulos 2013 argue that The Turner Diaries can be understood as a persuasive text that appeals to readers as a form of constitutive rhetoric. Constitutive rhetoric is a form of rhetoric in which a text calls its audience into being Charland, 1987p. The authors argue that fiction can be particularly effective in promoting a cause as worthy or a community as valuable Burke, 1973.

Identification by antithesis invites identification and the formation of community based on social differences. That is, the community defines itself and is made whole by what distinguishes it from other identities and communities. Goehring and Dionosopoulos 2013 argued that their reading of The Turner Diaries revealed that the identification by antithesis is accomplished by encouraging Aryans to see themselves as a part of a white supremacist community by distinguishing themselves from Jews, African Americans, the federal government, and the media, as well as white people who are unaware of, or complicit in, the threat posed by dangerous others.

The federal government is portrayed as controlled by Jewish interests and as seeking to engage in a genocidal war against white people by encouraging multiculturalism, an alien value to white people in the United States. The media, broadly, are portrayed as biased and controlled by Jews. Their purpose is to help the federal government to push an agenda that encourages Jewish interests and challenges white interests.

In The Turner Diaries, this threat is dealt with through the killing of journalists until it can be said that America truly has an American press again p. However, Waltman and Davis argued that The Turner Diaries offers instead a specific collective Aryan identity for how one may be a proper racist that goes beyond identification by antithesis.

They argued that there are common ways of being in the world that Aryans should aspire to and eventually embody and that are learned through Aryan mythology. This includes the example of an Aryan terrorist who paused in the midst of the aftermath of an explosion to tend to the wounds of an Aryan woman injured by a bombing. Another example is a description of snipers who targeted black police officers but not white police officers. This means being prepared to attack Jewish controlled institutions whenever possible.

Moreover, vigilant Aryans take care to plan for their own action and violence against the corrupt system that oppresses Aryans. A third myth, the dispassionate Aryan myth, describes someone who is able to remain calm in all circumstances. There are numerous examples of the protagonist killing Jews, African Americans, and white race traitors. In all of these examples, the ideal of the dispassionate Aryan is displayed in the descriptions of the killings.

Indeed, the book is called The Turner Diaries because the protagonist is someone who gave his life in order to support the ultimate victory of Aryans in the race war.

Waltman and Davis argued that martyrdom serves to extend the Aryan community, linking the individual to the Aryan community in an introduction to the issue of hate on the internet ways.

You are here

In an interesting approach to the study of hate speech, Olson 2002 compared the discourse produced by people who have committed acts of hate-motivated violence with the discourse produced by stranger rapists, and by sport hunters when they talk about hunting their prey. Olson found that the three types of discourse shared a common interpretive homology.

The discourse produced by the speakers had four points of homological correspondence: The Delivery of Hate Speech The Centrality of the Internet to Modern Hate Speech The study of hate speech in the present and recent past requires an understanding of the Internet and the expanding role of the Internet in daily life.

The development of hate on the Internet had a profound impact on the hate movement in the United States.

Online Hate

Formerly, a gathering of neo-Nazis might require a participant to travel great distances to an isolated location in order to be around others with whom he could be himself. However, the Internet does more than facilitate recruitment, it becomes a place where people can be radicalized to the point of violence Blee, 2002 ; Waltman, 2014. Much research on hate speech online has examined a variety of web pages to understand how discourse is used to accomplish different goals.

These examples deal primarily with web pages developed by specific groups with specific ideological goals. Waltman and Haas 2011 examined other web pages for the extent to which they possessed the myths that form the collective memory of groups in the organized hate movement: Employing the constant comparative analysis procedures of grounded theory, Waltman and Haas found that all of these Internet sites drew upon the myths of the in-group and the out-group to justify their hatred and actions that they might take against the enemies of the Aryan race.

The writers insert their own cheeky comments into the text of the message to point out the bias of the writer. Through the manipulation of digital and nondigital images, Jewish, African American, and Latino identities are vilified and dehumanized. A lone wolf is an undercover Aryan who is sympathetic with the hate movement but belongs to no particular hate group, a practice that protects hate groups and their leaders from legal culpability and prosecution.

The goal of the lone wolf is to wait for the time to strike at the enemies of the Aryan race when their conscience tells them to act. Clearly, the page is devoted to teaching followers the skills they might need an introduction to the issue of hate on the internet hunt their enemies. Readers learn to value the identity of the lone wolf.

The goal is to teach women the values appropriate for their role in this race religion and to work cooperatively with men to advance the Aryan race. The page has information pertaining to the various elements of Odinism, religious blots prayersthe names of gods and goddesses, and various Aryan traditions. That is, women learn the importance of bearing and raising white children. They learn to oppose abortion white genocide and to make a healthy home for the entire family.

This is the contribution of the ideal Aryan woman. Women are encouraged to contribute money each month to a prisoner or to write letters to help maintain his morale. Several academic writers e. There is no way to know the true proportion of the readers of these sites who eventually turn to violence.

What is known, however, is that in the last few decades one common attribute that these individuals share is an immersion in hateful ideologies through the Internet.

He planted bombs in a Bangladeshi neighborhood and a gay bar in London, killing three people and injuring 140 people. In 2011, Anders Brievik went on a killing spree in Norway, targeting the children of liberal politicians he viewed as responsible for Muslim immigration to Norway. His manifesto revealed that he had been reading many sites maintained by hatemongers in the United States Kay, 2011.

He told them he was killing them because they were responsible for raping white women. These are only a few examples of what would be a long, exhaustive list of white supremacist, religious, and misogynist terrorists discussed in the academic research cited here.

Both movements invest discourses that construct men as under attack from powerful forces intended to emasculate men and advance other identities. Both groups see feminism as a dangerous ideology that attacks the essential character of both men and women.

It denatures women by placing them in the workforce, often in positions of power over men. It denatures men by emasculating them. Ferber argued that both discourses construct men as in a state of shame for their emasculation. The discourses construct a solution to this problem: However, scholarly literature about the manosphere is limited.

The majority of writing about the manosphere is currently in nonscholarly publications, such as newspapers and blogs. The limited field of scholarly work to date has focused on distinct subgroups rather than taking a holistic approach to the manosphere. The remaining literature is made up primarily of journal articles focused on particular subgroups of the manosphere. Of this literature, the majority of articles are focused on studies of pick-up artist PUA culture and tactics. The scholarly an introduction to the issue of hate on the internet done to date has yet to position these groups firmly within hate group culture and does not question the implications of the Internet and social media in packaging manosphere ideologies for broadened consumption into the normative social, public, and political spheres.

The lacuna in the literature is a promising and fruitful area of work for scholars interested in hate speech. With the technological affordances of Web 2. Thus, online and social media platforms enable the collapsing of geographical distance between members, so hate groups can reach wider audiences. The technologies also enable anonymity and partial participation, thus mitigating the social, legal, and political ramifications of participating in hate.

Participation is further enabled and encouraged through social media platforms Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram, for example that allow sharing of memes, images, stories, and often decontextualized or overly simplified renderings of social analysis and opinion.