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An introduction to the life of nathaniel hawthorne

Sometime between his graduation and 1827, he changed the spelling of his name from Hathorne to Hawthorne. Hawthorne spent the next years living in Salem and launching his career as a writer.

Hawthorne's Adult Life: Introduction

Hawthorne did go on walks in Salemand he and his sisters would visit friends at their houses. It was not usual, however, for Hawthorne to call on families whom he knew only casually.

On November 11, 1837, however, at the invitation of Elizabeth Peabody, daughter of Dr. It was on this occasion that Hawthorne first met Sophia Peabodysister of Elizabeth and Mary, and the woman to whom he would become engaged the following year. Helped by Elizabeth Peabody, in January of 1839, Hawthorne obtained a position as measurer of salt and coal in the Boston Custom House. In late October he moved into rooms at 54 Pinckney St.

  1. Hawthorne left his position at the Boston Custom House in the spring of 1840, and in the spring of 1841 he moved to Brook Farm, a utopian community in West Roxbury, Masschusetts.
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  3. Hawthorne tactfully identified Bronson's wife, Abba, as the problem.
  4. Senior thesis, Kansas State Agricultural College, 1897. Descended from a prominent puritan family, hawthorne was the son of a sea captain who died when nathaniel was 4 years old when he was 14 he and his mother moved to.
  5. At that time Hawthorne renovated the house, adding a tower that became his study. Two years later, in March of 1862, Hawthorne, Ticknor, and U.

Hawthorne left his position at the Boston Custom House in the spring of 1840, and in the spring of 1841 he moved to Brook Farm, a utopian community in West Roxbury, Masschusetts. Soon disillusioned, however, Hawthorne left Brook Farm, and on July 9, 1842, he married Sophia Peabody at the house of her parents in Boston. Here the Hawthornes had their first child, a daughter, Una, in 1844, and they all lived happily, if under some financial strain, in Concord until 1846 when, strapped for money, Hawthorne took a position as Surveyor of the Port at the Salem Custom House.

A son, Julian, was born in the summer of 1846, and in 1847 Hawthorne moved his family, including his mother and sisters, to 18 Chestnut Street in Salem; two months later they moved to larger quarters at 14 Mall Street.

An introduction to the life and work of nathaniel hawthorne

Hawthorne had a study on the third floor; his mother and sisters lived on the second floor, and the children resided on the first floor. The following year was a particularly trying one for Hawthorne. On June 7, 1849, he was fired original article from the Salem Register part 1part 2 from his position as Surveyor of the Port at the Salem Custom House when Zachary Taylor, a Whig, was elected president. Then, less than two months later, on July 31, his mother died.

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These catastrophes were followed by a fecund period in his writing, however. In that novel he includes an opening chapter, "The Custom-House," based on his own experience as surveyor, which aroused controversy because of its unflattering portrayal of Salem and its residents. The novel was published the following year by Ticknor and Fields. That year, too, was a tragic one for Hawthorne; his sister, Louisa, died in a steamboat explosion on the Hudson River in New York. In October of 1855, in an attempt to improve her health, Sophia went to Lisbon.

She took Rose, the Hawthornes' second daughter, born on May 20, 1851, and Una with her, and they stayed in Lisbon until June. Julian remained with Hawthorne in Liverpool.

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In November of 1856, Melville visited Hawthorne in Liverpool, and he visited him again for a short time in May of the following year. In October of 1857, when Pierce did not receive the presidential nomination, Hawthorne left his position as American Consul in Liverpool, knowing that his appointment would end.

  • Here the Hawthornes had their first child, a daughter, Una, in 1844, and they all lived happily, if under some financial strain, in Concord until 1846 when, strapped for money, Hawthorne took a position as Surveyor of the Port at the Salem Custom House;
  • The mother of Nathaniel Hawthorne was a woman of beauty, dignity, and unusual intellect;
  • On November 11, 1837, however, at the invitation of Elizabeth Peabody, daughter of Dr;
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  • Shmoop guide to nathaniel hawthorne nathaniel hawthorne introduction hawthorne spent most of his life in or around the massachusetts towns of salem and;
  • In late October he moved into rooms at 54 Pinckney St.

In January of the following year, Hawthorne and his family travelled to France, and from January 17 to May, 1858, they lived in Rome. From May to October, Hawthorne and his family lived in a villa in Florence. Hawthorne wrote about his experiences in Italy in his notebooks, and he began work on the romance published in America under the title, The Marble Faun: Or, The Romance of Monte Beni.

  • He was very fond of taking long walks alone and he often declared to his mother that he would sometime go to sea and never return;
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In June of 1859, Hawthorne and his family moved to England where Hawthorne finished writing The Marble Faun which was published in London in February of the following year under the title Transformation and was published the following year in America.

At that time Hawthorne renovated the house, adding a tower that became his study. Two years later, in March of 1862, Hawthorne, Ticknor, and U. In May of that year, Hawthorne attended the funeral for Henry David Thoreau who died of tuberculosis. In January of 1864, Bronson Alcott called on Hawthorne to try to learn the cause of Hawthorne's coolness toward him and his family. Hawthorne tactfully identified Bronson's wife, Abba, as the problem.