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An overview of the two political parties in the united states

Two-Party System What are political parties? Political parties are groups of people that are organized based on their political beliefs and goals.

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In some cases, political parties are large powerful organizations that run much of the government. These two parties run much of the government. Because these two parties are so powerful, the United States government is often called a "two-party system.

The first phase is the primary election. In the primary election each party elects a candidate to represent their party.

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The next phase is called the general election. In the general election, the public votes between the winners of the primary election.

  • Political Parties in the United States The leaders of the American Revolution did not like the idea of parties and political battles between parties;
  • Many state governments also have law-enforcement agencies, and all of them have highway-patrol systems for enforcing traffic law;
  • How Parties Began Political parties as we know them did not begin to develop until the late 1600s;
  • About half the poor live in homes in which the head of the household is a full- or part-time wage earner;
  • During the 1990s and the early 21st century, efforts were made to demolish many of the housing projects and to replace them with joint public-private housing communities that would include varying income levels;
  • Johnson, visiting a classroom at the Kemper School in Washington, D.

These elections are sort of like playoffs in sports. The primary elections are like the semifinals and the general elections are like the finals.

  • Sometimes they draw enough support to affect the outcome of elections;
  • The Democratic Party evolved from the party of Thomas Jefferson, formed before 1800;
  • The Democratic and Republican Party candidates are automatically placed on the general election ballot, while minor parties often have to expend considerable resources collecting enough signatures from registered voters to secure a position on the ballot;
  • Considered the most far-reaching health care reform act since the passage of Medicare—but vehemently opposed by most Republicans as an act of government overreach—the PPACA included provisions that required most individuals to secure health insurance or pay fines, made coverage easier and less costly to obtain, cracked down on abusive insurance practices, and attempted to rein in rising costs of health care.

Democrats The Democratic Party was founded in 1828. It is generally associated with larger government programs and higher taxes.

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Members of the Democratic Party are often referred to as "liberals" or "progressives. Republicans The Republican Party was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists.

It is generally associated with smaller government and lower taxes. Members of the Republican Party are often referred to as "conservatives. Other Parties There are other political parties in the United States, but they have not been able to make a significant impact in the government.

  • The senate of the ancient Romans had two groups that represented people with different interests — the Patricians and the Plebeians;
  • James Madison thought parties were probably necessary, although he did not entirely approve of them;
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  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964, for example, required federal agencies to discontinue financial aid to school districts that were not racially integrated , and in Swann v;
  • However, efforts to reduce slums in large cities by developing low-cost housing in other areas were frequently resisted by local residents who feared a subsequent decline in property values.

Political parties that have had power in the past include the Whigs, the Federalists, and the Democratic-Republicans. Advantages and Disadvantages There are good and bad things about a two party system. On the plus side, having only two parties helps the government to run smoother. Two-party systems can lead to a more stable government and less radical politics.

On the negative side, two-party systems give the voters only two choices.

The Origins and Functions of Political Parties

Voters start to think that their vote doesn't count for much, causing them not to participate. It also makes it difficult for people with new ideas to have an influence in the government. Sometimes political parties are described as being "left-wing" or "right-wing. Interesting Facts about the Two Party System There have been 15 democratic presidents and 18 republican presidents. Four members of the Whig Party became president in the 1840s and 1850s.

George Washington was elected without being a member of any political party. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.

To learn more about the United States government: