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Economic impact of hiv aids in south africa

Considering that the epidemic in South Africa might still be at an early stage of development, the high tide of related illnesses and deaths is yet to be felt. According to the Antenatal Survey Data, prevalence rates rank around 26.

However, particularly the latter survey has shown that non-participation of interviewees remains high. Estimated national prevalence rate remains at 11. However, and contrary to earlier surveys, the highest prevalence seems to be amongst those with high school education 14.

  • New schemes of housing supporting home based caretakers need to be developed and shifts within state bureaucracy will have to be accompanied by the necessary new political frameworks contributing towards a de-stigmatization of the disease;
  • However, particularly the latter survey has shown that non-participation of interviewees remains high;
  • Life expectancy for South Africans could even decline from 68;
  • South African will have died due to Aids related illnesses;
  • Estimated national prevalence rate remains at 11;
  • Southern Africa Report, Vol.

So the image of the disease of the poor and uneducated might need to be reversed. According to data from the Medical Research Council by 2010, approximately 6 Mio.

South African will have died due to Aids related illnesses. Equally high infection rates are known from the transport and educational sector.

  • However, considering the difficulties to reach out to and to change the mind-set of SME entrepreneurs the situation becomes even more challenging when one looks at the informal sector which according to 2001 estimates might currently employ 3;
  • Most mitigation activities tend to be once of, informal attempts at education or awareness training;
  • Nevertheless, the private sector could still do more.

Life expectancy for South Africans could even decline from 68. However, in general it is difficult to assess the macro-economic impact as a variety of factors are at interplay.

  • Most mitigation activities tend to be once of, informal attempts at education or awareness training;
  • According to survey results of a 2000 study conducted by the Centre for the Study of Aids, University of Pretoria, approximately 100;
  • Bureau for Economic Research;
  • According to the Antenatal Survey Data, prevalence rates rank around 26;
  • Estimated national prevalence rate remains at 11;
  • Few firms equally have workplace policies in place that protect employees by confidentiality and non-discrimination.

This in turn will limit fixed investments and economic growth. Also the reduction of high skilled labour might not be replaceable in the short run.

A less experienced and particularly young workforce might result in declining productivity. Additional costs to the company occur through 1. Particularly the consumer goods industry is likely to be the most affected due to the impact on demography of their markets and changing household spending patterns.

The impact of HIV/Aids on the South African economy

Nevertheless, the private sector could still do more. Encouraging remains the initiative of certain companies to even extend programs to communities. A lack of leadership and funds corresponds with a lack of action. Surveys have shown that SMEs are not prepared to dedicate limited time for HIV mitigation activities unless they start to see tangible effects of the pandemic on their business. Most mitigation activities tend to be once of, informal attempts at education or awareness training.

Few firms are implementing comprehensive activities starting with education and awareness building, leading to peer counseling or voluntary counseling and testing. Few firms equally have workplace policies in place that protect employees by confidentiality and non-discrimination. However, considering the difficulties to reach out to and to change the mind-set of SME entrepreneurs the situation becomes even more challenging when one looks at the informal sector which according to 2001 estimates might currently employ 3.

According to survey results of a 2000 study conducted by the Centre for the Study of Aids, University of Pretoria, approximately 100. Governments own casualties significantly highlight the need to think beyond common approaches. Each governmental department on national, provincial as well as on local level will have to manage to work with the impact in its own sphere and on its own public service delivery.

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New ways of teaching adapting to a rising number of orphans or children engaged in care giving need to be found. New schemes of housing supporting home based caretakers need to be developed and shifts within state bureaucracy will have to be accompanied by the necessary new political frameworks contributing towards a de-stigmatization of the disease.

Only a holistic approach will make it possible to change towards a non-racial and socially inclusive mind-set within South African population and will create the necessary awareness so desperately needed.

Bureau for Economic Research: Southern Africa Report, Vol. The state of employment and unemployment in South Africa, in: