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Emergence of higher education sprouted in europes middle ages

According to Claudia Goldinthe states that led in the U. Iowa and Nebraska had a cohesive, homogeneous population and were more affluent, with a broad middle-class group. The American system of education was characterized as open to many mostly white students, forgiving, lacking universal standards, and academic. On the other hand, the European system was closed, unforgiving, with uniform standards, and academic for some and industrial for others.

In the United States, schools were provided by small, local districts. Because decentralized decision making system increased competition among districts for residents in the United States, the U.

High school movement

In contrast, schools were provided by the central government as a national decision in Europe. Further, high school was designed to be the terminal degree rather than a pre-college diploma of office or skilled blue-collar workers in the United States.

In this setting general skills and social mobility were emphasized, not specific training or apprenticeships. Even by the 1930s, America was virtually alone in providing secondary schools that were free and accessible; however, this accessibility was limited to white students.

Knowledge and skills women gained in high school helped them attain better jobs outside the home. Women began this period with more education in large part because they attended and graduated from high school to a greater degree than men. Even though women had an advantage in education for most of the century, the education advantage disappeared with cohorts born in the 1910s and 1920s. This is because many men were able to attend college on the G.

By men having this advantage over the women, the number of men in college increased and the number of women in college decreased during the middle part of the century. This is because school integration had not been achieved and there were few African-American secondary schools until the 1930s. The few African-American secondary schools that did exist were located in the cities and not the rural areas where the majority of the African-American population lived.

These large cities had a large inflow of European immigrants, who were not as inclined to enroll, and also there were many job opportunities for the youth, which kept them from enrolling as well. The increase in educational attainment in the early part of the 20th emergence of higher education sprouted in europes middle ages came primarily from grass-roots movements to build and staff public schools. There was no top-down federal government mandate.

After around 1980, the supply of educated Americans slowed. The slower growth in the educated workforce in the last quarter century has been due to a slowing down in the educational attainment of those schooled in the United States, rather than to an increase in the foreign-born component of the workforce. This has been attributed by some to the widening of economic inequality since 1970, and the slowdown in the growth of educational attainment has been most extreme for those at the bottom of the income distribution, particularly for ethnic and racial minorities.

Harvard University, 2008, p. The Rise of Secondary Schooling in America, 1910 to 1940. A Tale of Two Half Centuries. University of Chicago Press, 2001. Virtues of the Past.