Homeworks academic service


Is commercial paper a short term liquid asset

Money Market Fund A mutual fund that invests exclusively in short-term, low- risk securities. Examples of investments in money market funds are certificates of deposit and U. Money market funds are usually not federally insured, but the risk is so low that they very rarely lose principal for the investor. However, yields are very low and thus money market funds are subject to inflation risk ; that is, the yield on a fund may be less that the inflation rateresulting in a loss.

Liquid Asset

Money market securityMoney market note. Although no fees are generally charged to purchase or redeem shares in a money market fund, an annual management charge is levied by the fund's advisers.

  • As investors began to doubt the financial health and liquidity of firms such as Lehman Brothers , the commercial paper market froze and firms were no longer able to access easy and affordable funding;
  • The process is repeated for each of the 5 currencies and 7 maturities, thereby producing 35 reference rates;
  • Different Structures of Commercial Paper In addition to traditional corporate issued commercial paper, there are other types of commercial paper as follows;
  • A liquid asset allows any individual or a company to access cash at any time they want;
  • There are several programs still in existence that are fully supported, in which the program sponsor is obligated to reimburse CP investors regardless of delinquencies or defaults except in the case of a bankruptcy of the program.

This investment pays a return that varies with short-term interest rates. It is relatively liquid and safe but varies in yields and features. Both taxable and tax-exempt varieties of money market funds are offered. Also called liquid asset fund. See also average maturity. Case Study Choosing between a taxable and tax-exempt money market fund is a function of an investor's marginal tax rate and the difference in yields between the two types of funds.

A higher marginal tax rate makes it more likely an investor will earn a higher aftertax return from owning a tax-exempt fund as opposed to a taxable fund. Likewise, the smaller the difference in yields between the two funds, the more likely an investor will benefit from choosing a tax-exempt money market fund.

  1. Companies with large amounts of cash and cash equivalents are primary targets of bigger companies who are planning to acquire smaller companies.
  2. Originally the CP market was available as a funding source to only the highest credit quality entities.
  3. Historically, such ABCP may have had higher credit ratings than the seller company itself.

In late November 2001 the largest taxable money market fund managed by Smith Barney paid an average seven-day annualized yield of 1. At the same time the firm's main tax-exempt fund offered a yield of 1.

Short-Term Investments

The yield difference between taxable and tax-exempt funds is constantly changing, so it is important for an investor to remain alert and consider transferring money from one type of fund to the other as yields warrant. Money market mutual funds invest in stable, short-term debt securities, such as commercial paper, Treasury bills, and certificates of deposit CDsand other short-term instruments.

However, since they're considered securities at most brokerage firms, they may be insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation SIPC against the bankruptcy of the firm.

  • The proceeds from this type of financing can only be used on current assets, or inventories, and are not allowed to be used on fixed assets , such as a new plant, without SEC involvement;
  • It acts as a benchmark for short-term interest rates;
  • Marketable securities are liquid because maturities tend to happen within one year or less and the rates at which these may be traded have minimal effect on prices;
  • Investors take a look at political risks , interest rate risks and inflation when investing in government bonds;
  • Although maturities can go as long as 270 days before coming under the purview of the SEC, maturities for commercial paper average about 30 days, rarely reaching that threshold;
  • Although no fees are generally charged to purchase or redeem shares in a money market fund, an annual management charge is levied by the fund's advisers.

In addition, some funds offer private insurance comparable to FDIC coverage. Tax-free money market funds invest in short-term municipal bonds and other tax-exempt short-term debt. No federal income tax is due on income distributions from these funds, and in some cases no state income tax. While taxable funds may offer a slightly higher yield than tax-free funds, you pay income tax on all earnings distributions.

Using Commercial Paper in Investment Portfolios

Many money market funds offer check-writing privileges, which do not trigger capital gains or losses, as writing a check against the value of a stock or bond fund would. Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about usadd a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content.

Link to this page: