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Relation between psychological well being and internet usage

Internet provides tremendous educational benefits for college students and also provided better opportunities for communication, information, and social interaction for young adults; however, excessive internet use can lead to negative psychological well-being PWB. The present study was conducted with the objective to find out the relationship between internet addiction and PWB of college students.

A total of 461 college students, using internet for at least past 6 months were included in this study. Young's Internet addiction scale, consisting of 20-item, based on five-point Likert scale was used to calculate internet addiction scores and 42-item version of the Ryff's PWB scale based on six-point scale was used in this study.

A total of 440 questionnaire forms were analyzed.

The mean age of students was 19. Students with higher levels of internet addiction are more likely to be low in PWB. Simple linear regression showed that internet addiction was a significant negative predictor of PWB.

PWB of college students negatively affected by internet addiction. Hence, it is essential to develop strategies for prevention of internet addiction which is very important for promoting PWB of college students. College students, correlation, internet addiction, psychological well-being, simple linear regression analysis Introduction Internet users' population worldwide had increased from 360 million in December 2000 to 3885 million in June 2017;[ 1 ] this shows that worldwide internet penetration rate in June 2017 was 51.

In Asia, it had grown from 114 million internet users in December 2000 to 1938 million in June 2017,[ 1 ] this shows that internet penetration rate in Asia was 46. In India, there were about 462 million internet users in June 2017, as compared to 5 million in 2000, so the internet penetration in India is 34.

However, the excessive undisciplined use by some individuals has led to the emergence of the concept of internet addiction. These studies defined well-being in the concept of mental illness and distress such as loneliness and depression,[ 9 ] behavioral difficulties,[ 10 ] impulsivity, sensation and novelty-seeking, and social isolation.

Materials and Methods Study design, study population, and sampling This cross-sectional study was conducted among the college students between 17 and 25 years age group in Jabalpur city of Madhya Pradesh State of India.

A total of 461 students using internet for at least past 6 months were selected by simple random sampling. The data were collected by self-administering the questionnaire to the students which consisted of three parts.

The first part recorded the baseline information including age, sex, and duration of internet use. The second part was Young's scale of internet addiction used, which is one of the most reliable scales use for evaluating level of internet addiction.

  • The relation between internet addiction and PWB was determined by Pearson's correlation coefficient and simple linear regression was done;
  • In this study, Cronbach's alpha coefficient for this scale which is the measure of internal consistency was 0;
  • Students were not asked to put their personal information on questionnaires; confidentiality was assured, and informed consent was taken from students.

It covers the degree to which internet use affect daily routine, social life, productivity, sleeping pattern, feeling, etc. Total internet addiction scores were calculated, with possible scores for the sum of 20 items ranging from 0 to 100. In this study, Cronbach's alpha coefficient for this scale which is the measure of internal consistency was 0.

Self-acceptance-a positive attitude toward oneself and one's past life. In 42-item version scale, twenty PWB items were positively worded and 22 negatively worded. Before analysis, negatively worded items were reverse scored so that high values indicated well-being. In the present study, Cronbach's alpha coefficient for this scale which is the measure of internal consistency of scale was 0. Before administering the questionnaire to students, the nature and purpose of the study were explained to the students.

No pressure was put on the students, and it was emphasized to choose the answer which they actually felt. Students were not asked to put their personal information on questionnaires; confidentiality was assured, and informed consent was taken from students.

Sample size thus yielded was 384. Internal consistency Cronbach's alpha of the scales was estimated, and descriptive statistics was analyzed.

Internet use and psychological well-being among college students: A latent profile approach

The relation between internet addiction and PWB was determined by Pearson's correlation coefficient and simple linear regression was done. Results A total of 440 out of 461 student questionnaires were analyzed, 21 forms were rejected because of being incompletely filled. Of the 440 students, there were 274 62.

The other descriptive statistics were noted in Table 1. Both variables have an important inverse relationship, as level of internet addiction increased; the level of PWB was decreased. This suggests that as internet addiction increases these dimensions of PWB was decrease and all these correlations were reached to significant level.