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Salem witch trials difference between the crucible

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The Salem Witch Trials Vs Arthur Miller's The Crucible The purpose of this article is to investigate the events that led up to the Salem witch trials, representatives of the government, legal and religious institutions that presided over the trials, and the outcome of the trials. The historical inaccuracies embodied in Arthur Miller's dramatic presentation the Salem witch trials, entitled The Crucible, will also be examined.

Twenty 20 people died during the hysteria. The Salem witch trials were such a miscarriage of justice that researchers, 300 years after the events, continue to speculate on the causes and the impact they had the community of Salem and the colonies in the New World.

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Research reveals several suspected causes for the Salem witch trials. While some people may consider the residents of Salem, Massachusetts as ignorant, cruel and superstitious, the truth is that they were just like people of our modern times with fears, desires and greed.

These human emotions, combined with religious fervor and a lack of understanding of disease, contributed to the hysteria that made the Salem witch trials possible.

  • They would be able to claim the property of the accused after they were convicted and put to death;
  • This was to make the reader more comfortable with reading the story;
  • A conviction would mean that his farm would be taken over by the state of Massachusetts;
  • Miller also just left a few characters out of his story; Cotton Mather, one of the court judges, did not appear in the play, as well as some other people who were most notably accused by Abigail.

Stories of strange illnesses, night meetings in the woods, demonic possession, voodoo, and ghostly visitations culminated in the trials during the spring and summer of 1692. Not much about this tragedy was predictable or logical! The colony of Salem began as a small Puritan settlement under British rule in 1629. In 1641 England made witchcraft a capital crime that was punishable by death.

This was the legal foundation that made the Salem witch trial possible. The winter of 1692 was exceptionally cold. A young girl named Betty Parris began to have spasms.

The illness was accompanied by high fever and pain throughout her body.

The local physician, Doctor Griggs, suggested that Betty may have been practicing witchcraft. In the next few weeks, Dr. Griggs saw similar behaviors in other young women in Salem. One of the girls was Elizabeth Hubbard. By late February, church clergymen and the townspeople had become involved and pressured the 12-year old Elizabeth to identify who had caused her to behave so strangely.

Elizabeth blamed Tituba, an Indian slave from Barbados, for her behaviors and illness. She also accused Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne of practicing witchcraft. As the number of allegations of witchcraft rose, Governor Phips saw the need to create a new court just to handle the witchcraft cases.

  • Numerous innocent people died for their cause or for false accusation of witchcraft;
  • After the Salem Witch Trials blew over, the people of the town began to apologize for what all happened during the trials; Judge Samuel Sewell even published an apology letter for the entire town to see, admitting his wrongful actions with witch hunting;
  • Elizabeth blamed Tituba, an Indian slave from Barbados, for her behaviors and illness;
  • While many of the accused witches supported the former minister George Burroughs , the families of the accusers, for the most part, wanted Rev.

Five judges were appointed. William Stoughton, who was passionate about cleansing the land of witches and witchcraft, was Chief Justice.

Bridget Bishop was the first accused witch to be brought to trial.

She was almost sixty years old. Bridget was the owner of a tavern. She served alcoholic drinks even on Sundays. Accused witches had no legal counsel and could not have witnesses to testify about their character. Bridget was found guilty of practicing witchcraft and was sentenced to death by the jury.

Giles Corey refused to stand trial after he and his wife were accused of being witches. They and were sent to prison.

The Salem Witch Trials Vs Arthur Miller's The Crucible

A conviction would mean that his farm would be taken over by the state of Massachusetts. By refusing to go to trial, Giles hoped that everything he had worked for in his 80 years would go to his family members. However, the legal sentence for his refusal was to be crushed to death. It took two days for Corey to die under the pressure of huge boulders. His wife, Martha, was hanged three days later along with seven other convicted witches.

These were the last victims of the Salem witch hunt. The tragedy of the Salem witch trials destroyed the lives many innocent people. Wikimedia Some of the significant characters in the trials were the following: Abigail Williams, considered to be a leader among the accusers, was about 12 years old in 1692.

She lived with her uncle, the Rev. She made forty-one 41 complaints of witchcraft against residents of the town. With the support of Salem community members, Abigail gave testimony in court against seven of the people. Salem citizens were accused of witchcraft for a wide variety of reasons.

As for Goody Glover, she salem witch trials difference between the crucible accused of being a witch because children would get sick when they were around her. In the case of John Proctor, he was accused of being a witch because he protested against the examination of his pregnant wife who was being charged for witchcraft.

Overall, many researchers have concluded that greed and jealousy caused the poorer members of the Salem community to create outlandish charges against the wealthier members of the community in order to confiscate their real estate and possessions. In some cases, relatives were accused of witchcraft in order for their progeny to claim their inheritance sooner, rather than later.

It took many people to fulfill numerous roles for such a travesty as the Salem witch trials to take place. Key to the drama is the prosecutors and the magistrates who were responsible for conducting the legal proceedings. Other judges included Samuel Sewall and Cotton Mather. The courts were responsible for determining the guilt or innocence of those accused of being witches.

Hearsay and gossip, too, were considered as credible evidence to prove that someone was a witch. Wikimedia While the Salem witch trials lasted less than a year, they left their mark on the history of the young developing nation to become known as the United States of America. By the time the trials came to an end, over 200 people were accused of witchcraft.

Twenty 20 people had been killed: Many of the 200 people that were accused of witchcraft were sent to prison. Prisons of the period were horrible, filthy, places. Several of the accused witches died in the Salem jail while awaiting their trial. Others escaped death by hanging only to die in the horrid conditions of the prison. There was no sanitation system. Prisoners were fortunate if they had a small chamber pot to use as a toilet. The small cells were filled with human excrement and horrible smells.

There was no water for washing clothes or bathing. Prisoners had to pay for sheets, food and water.

  • The economic conditions and disagreements between the members of the church stressed the community to hysterics, and this was also largely responsible for this augmented mishap;
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  • Every man and woman has a right to believe what he or she wants, and they should not be punished for it;
  • In reality, Abigail Williams was only 11 or 12 years old at the time of the trials.

Few prisoners could afford such items because their jailers stole any money they had. Children and adults were kept in the same miserable conditions. Historians have examined and attempted to interpret this period in American history from various points of views. One of the perspectives that sheds some light on what really happened in Salem is related to the economic status of the various factions in the Salem community. Scholars have noted differences between the accused and the accusers.

Most of the accused lived to the south side of Salem, and were generally more prosperous than the accusers. In a number of cases, accusing families would benefit from the death of the suspected witch.

How to Compare the Salem Witch Trials with the Crucible

They would be able to claim the property of the accused after they were convicted and put to death. Also, the accused and the accusers were on opposite sides when the church congregation split over religious doctrine. The salem witch trials difference between the crucible schism that split the Salem community occurred just before the outbreak of allegations of witchcraft.

While many of the accused witches supported the former minister George Burroughsthe families of the accusers, for the most part, wanted Rev. Burroughs to leave Salem. Thus, these two perspectives seem to offer some explanation of the events surrounding the Salem trials.

Disputes over property and religious beliefs may have been enough to motivate the citizens of Salem to take drastic measures—to contrive allegations of witchcraft against their neighbors and fellow townsfolk. Greed and jealousy could move human beings to such evil deeds. It was actually a rather ingenious plot because everything was sanctioned by the courts and approved by the church.

These were the most powerful and respected institutions in the society. After the surviving witches were released from the prison, it is reported that there was a period of atonement, when the village attempted to normalize and reunite. Samuel Sewall, one of the judges, issued a public confession of guilt and he apologized for his role in the witch-hunt. Several jurors admitted that they were "sadly deluded and mistaken" in their judgments about the guilt of their fellow citizens.

Governor Phips blamed William Stoughton for madness and all of the horrific hangings.

The Crucible vs. the Salem Witch Trials: What Really Went on?

The citizens of Pennsylvania responded by electing Stoughton to replace Phips as the next Governor of Massachusetts. Historical events are often the source of material for literary works. The Crucible dramatizes and illustrates the events of the Salem witch trials.

According to Salem witch trial historian, Margo Burns, TheCrucible contains several misrepresentations of the actual historical events. Burns reports that some of the significant inaccuracies in The Crucible include the following: First, Miller portrays Abigail as a young woman of 17 or 18 years of age. In reality, Abigail Williams was only 11 or 12 years old at the time of the trials. This detail could significantly alter the plot and the events of the drama. Second, Arthur Miller characterizes Tituba as a slave of African heritage.