Homeworks academic service


The audio war between sony and philips company

See Article History Alternative Titles: Gerard Philips continually experimented to improve the longevity of light bulbs, at the same time optimizing production procedures. The company remained driven by technology, however, often striving for high quality rather than low cost. In later years the company was often slow to bring its innovative technologies to market. The Philips sons established an autocratic management style, with a tradition of taking care of their workers from the cradle to the grave.

Philips built housing, schools, and hospitals and, from 1900 onward, provided free medical aid. Members of the Philips family led the company until 1977 and maintained great influence well into the 1980s. In 1924 Philips, together with the American manufacturer General Electric Company and Osram GmbH now a wholly owned subsidiary of German manufacturer Siemens AGformed the Phoebus cartel in order to divide up the light-bulb market worldwide and to set the standard life of a light bulb at 1,000 hours.

Critics claimed that the cartel stifled innovation and competition in lighting for several decades.

By 1919 Philips had expanded into the production of radio tubes. In the 1930s Philips shifted much of its production outside the Netherlands to avoid the import controls that many countries established during the Great Depression. After 1945 Philips expanded its product range.

  1. In 1992 Philips exited the computer hardware business, though it remained an important supplier of components to the industry. In later years the company was often slow to bring its innovative technologies to market.
  2. After 1945 Philips expanded its product range. It launched the Philips record label in 1951, acquired Mercury Records in 1960, and continued to invest in record labels such as Deutsche Grammophon , Decca , and Motown through its PolyGram subsidiary sold in 1998.
  3. Members of the Philips family led the company until 1977 and maintained great influence well into the 1980s.
  4. In a series of acquisitions in the 1970s, Philips established a position in the American consumer electronics market, starting with the purchase of television maker Magnavox in 1974. In 1963 Philips launched a small battery-powered audio tape recorder that used a cassette instead of a loose spool.

It launched the Philips record label in 1951, acquired Mercury Records in 1960, and continued to invest in record labels such as Deutsche GrammophonDeccaand Motown through its PolyGram subsidiary sold in 1998. By the time the company released its P-1000 mainframe system in the mid-1960s, the IBM 360 was well established as the market standard. The company did better with a range of minicomputers in the 1970s but missed out on the personal computer revolution.

In 1992 Philips exited the computer hardware business, though it remained an important supplier of components to the industry. In 1963 Philips launched a small battery-powered audio tape recorder that used a cassette instead of a loose spool. Philips let other manufacturers reproduce the technology royalty-free, quickly establishing cassette tapes as a standard worldwide. Philips fared less well with its video technology.

Philips did not start production of VHS players until 1984. Meanwhile, Philips had developed a new technology to play back video, using a laser to read information from a disc.

Philips Electronics NV

Introduced in 1978, LaserDisc technology never caught on, but it did lead to another major success: In a series of acquisitions in the 1970s, Philips established a position in the American consumer electronics market, starting with the purchase of television maker Magnavox in 1974. However, Philips fared poorly in competition with Japanese consumer electronics. In 1991 Philips launched CD-I, a multimedia player aimed at the living room. More expensive than electronic game consoles and lacking the capabilities of personal computers, the CD-I player never caught on.

In 1992 the digital compact cassette was introduced as a digital successor to the audio cassette. By the early 21st century, Philips was also a leading producer of portable defibrillation units, ultrasound systems, and computed tomography CT scanners. Philips has manufacturing and marketing subsidiaries throughout the world.