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The characteristics of zen a buddhist religious division

Buddhism began in India in 6th century BC. The Buddha is not a god or divinity, but a man who has developed into a completely mature individual. Lived a life of luxury for many years.

  1. How do they fit into the general scheme of things? Beyond form, it is the unchanging absolute and is spoken of as consciousness or the void.
  2. Even the names of its founders are unknown, and scholars disagree about whether it originated in southern or in northwestern India.
  3. According to inscriptions from the Ashokan period, missionaries were sent to countries along the Mediterranean, although without success. At that time Buddhist teachings existed only in oral traditions, and it soon became apparent that a new basis for maintaining the community's unity and purity was needed.
  4. Popular in Theravada lands is a ceremony known as pirit, or protection, in which readings from a collection of protective charms from the Pali canon are conducted to exorcise evil spirits, cure illness, bless new buildings, and achieve other benefits.
  5. After attaining nirvana, the enlightened individual may continue to live, burning off any remaining karma until a state of final nirvana parinirvana is attained at the moment of death.

Made journey's away from castle: Saw an Old Man, bent from life's work Saw a man afflicted with serious illness Watched a corpse in a funeral possession Based on his travels, Siddartha realized that sickness, old age, and death are unavoidable. He became obsessed with the idea of inescapable human suffering. Left his family and wealth to seek the answer through mental and physical discipline, practicing Yoga with several Gurus Siddartha's discovery of Buddhism After a long period of fasting, Siddartha realized that continual deprivation would not bring about enlightenment, so he ate some food to gather his strength and began meditating under a Bohdi tree until the answer came to him.

Siddartha developed The Middle Way which forms the basis for a Buddhist lifestyle. This profound transformation allowed Siddartha to become Buddha at the age of Siddartha taught his Buddhism over the next 45 years until his death at age Buddhism is regaining popularity in India today.

After spreading to China, Buddhism spread to Japan in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

Theravada Buddhism

Tibet Dalai LamaChina, Korea, and Japan The Mahayana school practices a more "liberal" version of Buddhism, less strict observance of rituals and Buddhist scriptures. The theravedists stress self-discipline The mahayanists stress compassion Zen Buddhism is one of the major schools of the Mahayana tradition, and was brought to Japan in the twelfth century.

Zen stresses contemplation and personal discipline as a way to becoming Buddha, over religious ritual Zen Buddhism in Japan Two major Zen sects in Japan: Stresses that there is no gap between daily practice and enlightenment.

The right daily behavior is Buddha itself Rinzai Sect: Change is the only constant. Nothing physical lasts forever. Impermanence also implies there are no "absolute truths" or "final authorities".

The primary feature of the universe is change. All things are related to a Buddhist Selflessness: There is no static, unchanging self, according to Buddhism. Who you are is a function of where and when you are.

The term I is just a convenient way to refer to a collection of constantly changing personality traits. All things lack a separate self. Third factor of Buddhist Existence Dissatisfaction: Because of the desire to avoid pain and seek out pleasure, human suffering the characteristics of zen a buddhist religious division inevitable. Because life is constantly changing, we can not hold onto things that make us happy forever, and the characteristics of zen a buddhist religious division awareness breeds dissatisfaction.

Suffering comes from within, an d Buddhist teachings are designed to help us transcend our sense of self. To be accepting of one's own mortality, and the impermanence in life which creates dissatisfaction, will help bring us closer to our Buddha nature. Based upon these three characteristics of Existence, Siddartha developed the Four Noble Truths, as a way to overcome the suffering and limitations of human life.

Suffering is inescapable and inevitable Craving as the Root of Dissatisfaction: Desire creates a need for change, and change eventually brings dissatisfaction because of the impermanent nature of all things. Pleasure can only be a temporary state. If we can eliminate our desires, we will eliminate the source of our suffering.

If your happiness depends upon the fulfillment of your desires, you can never be satisfied. A Buddhist learns to accept things as they are, and will not want for more, as the wanting will only lead to eventual suffering. The first three noble truths led Siddartha to create the fourth noble truth, which provides the means to end human suffering.

Ethical Conduct Right Speech: Abstaining from Lies, gossip,slander, or talk that brings about disunity or disharmony. Also abstain from useless and foolish chatter. Moral, honorable and peaceful conduct. Abstaining from destruction of life, stealing, dishonest actions, illegitimate sexual congress, drugs and alcohol.

Also, we should assist others in living a peaceful and honorable life. You should not make a living in any profession which harms people: Weapon making and distribution, making liquor or drugs, killing animals, or any profession designed to cheat other people. You instead should earn a living in a profession that is honorable, blameless, and harmful to no one. Preventing unwholesome states of mind from arising.

Facilitate good and wholesome states of mind. Meditation is key is achieving right mindfulness Right Concentration: Refers to the development of "mental muscle" to help accomplish the other goals of the eightfold path.

Brought about through appreciation for the Four Truths. Two levels of understanding exist within Buddhism: Knowledge and Deep understanding. The spritual leader gives the Buddhist student a clssical or personal riddle, which the student attempts to "solve" through meditation. However, the answers to the riddles are not transparent, or even logical, but are designed to bring the student to a higher level of awareness that will bring them closer to Deep Understanding.

Has a dog Buddha-Nature or Not? The goal of using these riddles is to show the student their own ignorance, and entice them to go beyond simple concepts when contemplating on the Koan. Zazen meditation The Soto school approach to meditation has the person striving to maintain a state of concentrated awareness while sitting. Zazen is seen as an expression of faith in the vastness of the universe and one's own inner nature. Zazen is a practice which cleanses the mind, analogous to how a shower cleanses the body.

First, one becomes peaceful and focused in meditation. Through practice, we hope to extend that sense of calm to our active life as well. Meditation is an end to itself, not just a means of reaching for new levels of enlightenment. Enlightenment and Nirvana Enlightenment, or Buddha Nature, can only be transitory because of the impermanence factor of existence.

A state of mind in which all cravings and desires have been extinguished. Nirvana can only be achieved through self-discipline, meditation, and realization of impermanence of selflessness. Through meditation, the Arhat delivers himself from suffering.

Beliefs & Dogmas

The Mahahyana Ideal, or Bodhisattva, is a deeply compassionate being who remains in the world until all others have been delivered from suffering. Psychological Growth and Buddhism Obstacles to Growth: The Three major sources of suffering are seen as primary obstacles to achieving nirvana.

A major problem for most people. We tend to want more than we have or need. Children are most obviously greedy, as sometimes their demands can never be satisfied. Those individuals dominated by hate have sharp tempers and are quick to anger.

Hateful people hold grudges, belittle others, and suffer from arrogance, envy, and stinginess. Those who suffer from delusions have difficulty making up their mind and suffer from confusion and a lack of awareness. At their worst, these obstacles can appear as neurosis and psychosis.

However, because of impermanenceThese are transitory conditions which can be alleviated. Another Obstacles to Psychological Growth Pride: Can create a lack of respect for the Zen Master and can create perceptual distortion of Buddhist scripture.

Beliefs & Dogmas

Students must study and practice Zen long after they feel they have learned what they need to know, to ensure that prideful ambition itself is not creating this perception of having finished with their studies.

Moderation in all things is the key to a healthy body. The Buddhist does not fast for extended periods of time simply for self-discipline, and the Buddhist does not gorge himself beyond satiation. Neither extreme of excess or denial is desirable for someone who wishes to eliminate suffering.

Social interactions offer opportunities for practicing Buddhist ideals and principles stated in the Eightfold Path. A basic Buddhist principle is that daily life and activity should be in harmony with the basic Buddhist Truths. Meditation aids in every aspect of daily life. Training is seen as an ongoing process, since enl9ightenment or Buddha state is only temporary.

Learning to control one's emotion, to operate from a sense of calm and inner peace are a major part of Buddhist teachings. The Extremes of emotions should be tempered, just as extremes of eating and self-discipline are shunned as well for the path of moderation.

  1. In Mahayana countries ritual is more important than in Theravada.
  2. Zen Buddhism treats zazen meditation and daily practice as essential for attaining Enlightenment, and deemphasizes the rigorous study of scripture.
  3. It is philosophically opposed to materialism, whether of the Western or the Marxist-Communist variety.
  4. These people almost did not eat anything and almost starved themselves to death. Buddhism was carried into Japan from Korea.

The ideal Buddhist emotional state is that of compassion, and a feeling of unity with all other beings. Pure intellect and abstract reasoning skills are useful to a Buddhist, but can also prevent enlightenment is one is self-impressed with their intellectual capabilities. Deep Understanding, however, can only come with appreciation and transcendence of the Four Noble Truths, and one can not "logically" ascend to the level of Nirvana. Buddhist teachings must be actively expressed within daily life in order to reach the level of Deep Understanding Divisions of Self within Buddhism The Lesser Self: The ego, the consciousness of one's mind and body.

The lesser self remains focused on individual limitations, and the separation between the body and the world. The lesser self is created out of our own sense of inadequacy.