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The classical and modern theories of motivation

April 22, 2012, 01: Equity is perceived when this ratio is equal. Stacy Adams called this a negative tension state which motivates him to do something right to relieve this tension.

A comparison has been made between 2 workers A and B to understand this point.

Theories of Motivation – Classical and Modern

The referent chosen is a significant variable in equity theory. These referents are as follows: The gender, salary, education and the experience level are moderating variables.

Individuals with greater and higher education are more informed. Thus, they are likely to compare themselves with the outsiders.

Males and females prefer same sex comparison. It has been observed that females are paid typically less than males in comparable jobs and have less salary expectations than male for the same work.

Classical Theories of Motivation

Thus, a women employee that uses another women employee as a referent tends to lead to a lower comparative standard. Employees with greater experience know their organization very well and compare themselves with their own colleagues, while employees with less experience rely on their personal experiences and knowledge for making comparisons. The employees who perceive inequity and are under negative tension can make the following choices: Change in input e.

Types of Motivation Theories: Modern and Early Theories of Motivation

Change their outcome Produce quantity output and increasing earning by sacrificing quality when piece rate incentive system exist C. Choose a different referent D.

What are the Modern Theories of Motivation?

Quit the job E. Assumptions of the Equity Theory The theory demonstrates that the individuals are concerned both with their own rewards and also with what others get in their comparison. Employees expect a fair and equitable return for their contribution to their jobs.

  1. Improves organization morale — Employee motivation helps to accomplish challenges and increase the confidence amongst them. Psychologists researched and structured their studies into various theories of motivation which can help leaders, even today, to apply and create another set of leaders and so on.
  2. Equity Theory of Motivation John Stacey Adams, a behavioral psychologist, developed the equity theory of motivation in relation to job motivation in 1963.
  3. Tweet Logged "Many thanks to Allah who gave us life after having given us death and our final return on the Day of Qiyaamah Judgement is to Him".
  4. The more specific and clear the goal, the better performance that can be expected.

Employees decide what their equitable return should be after comparing their inputs and outcomes with those of their colleagues.

Tweet Logged "Many thanks to Allah who gave us life after having given us death and our final return on the Day of Qiyaamah Judgement is to Him".