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The cuban missile crisis the major turning point during the cold war

So what exactly was the Cold War? In diplomatic terms there are three types of war. All talks have failed and the armies are fighting. South Vietnam was anticommunist and was supplied by America during the war while North Vietnam was pro-Communist and fought the south and the Americans using weapons from communist Russia or communist China.

In Afghanistan, the Americans supplied the rebel Afghans after the Soviet Union invaded in 1979 while they never physically involved themselves thus avoiding a direct clash with the Soviet Union. For nearly two weeks, nuclear war was imminent.

Fortunately, diplomacy succeeded and crisis was averted. Tuesday, October 16 Crisis began. Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defense, outlines three broad options: Debated, but no decision. Thursday, October 18 Questions were raised about the morality of an airstrike — would it be considered a Pearl Harbor in reverse?

Friday, October 19 Independent working groups were established to develop blockade and airstrike options, drafting speeches for each plan and outlining possible contingencies.

Proponents of airstrike shifted support to blockade, Theodore Sorensen wrote speech for Kennedy on blockade.

  1. In return, Kennedy committed the United States never to invade Cuba.
  2. Kennedy agreed to increase the frequency of low-level flights over Cuba from twice per day to once every two hours.
  3. So what exactly was the Cold War?
  4. Monday, October 22 Foreign heads of government were briefed on the crisis.

Saturday, October 20 President Kennedy returned to Washington under guise of illness to discuss the discovery of additional Soviet missiles in Cuba. Kennedy confirmed blockade was only option compatible with American principles. Adlai Stevenson suggested withdrawing missiles in Turkey and evacuating Guantanamo. This proposal attacked by several participants, Kennedy very critical. President Kennedy gave final approval for a naval quarantine of Cuba.

Kennedy asked the press not to report the story until he addressed the public personally.

MODERATORS

Monday, October 22 Foreign heads of government were briefed on the crisis. President Kennedy addressed the nation in a 17-minute televised speech and announced his plan to implement a naval quarantine of Cuba. Reconnaissance photos revealed that Soviet missiles were ready for launch. Fidel Castro placed Cuban armed forces on their highest alert. Quarantine line moved from 800 miles to 500 miles to give USSR more time to analyse their position.

Wednesday, October 24 Soviet ships reached the quarantine line, but received radio orders from Moscow to hold their positions.

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McNamara outlined the dangerous military situation, highlighting the presence of a Soviet submarine shadowing the Soviet ships approaching the quarantine line.

US reviewed the movement of ships toward the quarantine line and potential US responses. Friday, October 26 The CIA reported that the construction of the missile sites was continuing and accelerating. Kennedy started to believe that quarantine in itself would not cause the Soviet government to remove its missiles, and only an invasion or trade would succeed. Kennedy agreed to increase the frequency of low-level flights over Cuba from twice per day to once every two hours.

The State Department received a private letter from Khrushchev, almost certainly composed by Khrushchev himself.

  1. Low Kiloton yield Saturday, October 27 ExComm received a second letter from Khrushchev stating that, in addition to a public promise not to invade Cuba, the U.
  2. Dobrynin and RFK had a carefully worded meeting in which they agreed on the secret deal. Tuesday, October 16 Crisis began.
  3. In Afghanistan, the Americans supplied the rebel Afghans after the Soviet Union invaded in 1979 while they never physically involved themselves thus avoiding a direct clash with the Soviet Union. For nearly two weeks, nuclear war was imminent.
  4. One U-2 spy plane accidentally flew over Russian air space, another was shot down over Cuba. For nearly two weeks, nuclear war was imminent.

It proposed a settlement, stating that the Soviets would not bring more armaments to Cuba, and would remove their missiles if President Kennedy publicly guaranteed the US would not invade Cuba. RFK met secretly with Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin unknown to ExComm and agreed, after a phone call to the president, that the removal of US missiles from Turkey was negotiable as part of a comprehensive settlement.

Khrushchev received a cable from Castro urging a nuclear first strike against the US in the event of an invasion of Cuba.

Low Kiloton yield Saturday, October 27 ExComm received a second letter from Khrushchev stating that, in addition to a public promise not to invade Cuba, the U. One U-2 spy plane accidentally flew over Russian air space, another was shot down over Cuba. ExComm assumed the attack was authorize by the USSR to escalate the crisis later evidence revealed it was a decision made by local field commanders.

The Rules, in Brief

They agreed to tell him that if the Soviet missiles were not removed, there would be military action against Cuba. If the missiles were removed, the US would give a nonintervention pledge, and would remove the Jupiter missiles in Turkey once the conflict was resolved, as long as there would be no public or explicit deal about this. Concern about this being leaked to the press or to NATO was so acute that not even the other ExComm members were told about this additional assurance.

Dobrynin and RFK had a carefully worded meeting in which they agreed on the secret deal. ExComm met in the evening to review options if the letter and diplomatic negotiations did not work.

Cuban missile crisis

Sunday, October 28 A new message from Khrushchev, that essentially terminated the missile crisis, was broadcast on Radio Moscow. He announced the dismantling of Soviet missiles in Cuba and did not insist on his demands concerning the removal of US missiles from Turkey.

Hydrogen Bomb on Rocket. Monday, October 29 President Kennedy ordered US ships to remain on the quarantine line and authorized continuation of low-level reconnaissance flights, although U-2 missions were not authorized. Wednesday, November 21 Just over a month after the crisis began, President Kennedy terminated the quarantine when Khrushchev agreed after several weeks of tense negotiations at the UN to withdraw Soviet IL-28 nuclear bombers from Cuba. So why were these two super powers so distrustful of the other?