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The early signs and symptoms of schizophrenia

Risk Factors Early Warning Signs Causes Schizophrenia is thought to be the result of a culmination of biological and environmental factors.

Schizophrenia

While there is no known cause of schizophrenia, there are genetic, psychological, and social factors thought to play a role in the development of this chronic disorder. Complications during pregnancy or birth are linked to schizophrenia. This includes exposure to viruses or toxins in utero, premature labor, low birth weight, and lack of oxygen during birth.

  • Speculations on the processes that underlie schizophrenic symptoms and signs;
  • Introduction Although the psychopathological picture of Kraepelins' dementia praecox with a general weakening of mental processes resulting in a defect as cornerstone, has been described more than a century ago, the diagnosis still depends on the subjective experiences of the patient, the history and course of symptoms and the observation of behaviour and is based therefore on observable symptoms;
  • About 25 years later Liddle 1987a proposed a three syndrome model of chronic schizophrenia that was subsequently widely accepted for schizophrenia in general;
  • Using illicit drugs, particularly cannabis, amphetamines, LSD, or cocaine, can also trigger the onset;
  • Behavior is not focused on a goal, which makes it hard to do tasks;
  • Some typical antipsychotics are:

Having a first-degree relative with schizophrenia increases the risk of developing the illness. For example, if you have no first degree relatives parents or siblings or second degree relatives grandparents, aunts, or uncles diagnosed with schizophrenia, your odds of developing the illness are about one percent.

If you have one biological parent who suffers from schizophrenia, your odds of developing it are about 10 percent.

Genetics alone, however, do not explain schizophrenia. The majority of people who develop the illness—over 63 percent—do not have first or second degree relatives diagnosed with the illness.

Longitudinal research studies find that few children who grew up to be diagnosed with the illness showed any poor academic achievement, poor social skills, delay in developmental milestones i. Take Schizophrenia Quiz Early Warning Signs Early warning signs of schizophrenia often cannot be detected until adolescence. Indicators include social withdrawal, depression, difficulty paying attention, suspiciousness or hostility, expressionless gaze, difficulty sleeping, lack of personal hygiene, or irrational beliefs.

Instead, a person has a certain level of risk that determines whether they may or may not develop the illness. Stress and drug abuse are considered common triggers in people who are at risk, which may result in the onset of psychosis. A person who is considered at risk for developing schizophrenia may also be triggered by stressors such as suffering a loss, experiencing abuse, or trauma.

Using illicit drugs, particularly cannabis, amphetamines, LSD, or cocaine, can also trigger the onset. Onset usually occurs during late adolescence and early adulthood, a time when young people are transitioning into independent roles as adults.

They take on more responsibilities, are thrust into new situations e.

  1. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2003; 253.
  2. When to see a doctor It can be difficult to know how to handle vague behavioral changes in your child. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56 8.
  3. Etymology and strategic intentions.
  4. Schneider himself, however, never referred to these symptoms as pathognomonic for schizophrenia. For example, if you have no first degree relatives parents or siblings or second degree relatives grandparents, aunts, or uncles diagnosed with schizophrenia, your odds of developing the illness are about one percent.
  5. A psychologist or psychiatrist will use the clinical history of the person, as well as the symptoms and criteria in the DSM-IV in the United States to make a diagnosis.

If they did not learn adequate coping skills to handle these rapid changes and without mental health support e. These types of situations could trigger the onset of schizophrenia.

It could also drive an individual to self-medicate with drugs or alcohol, which are also considered triggers. While there is no definitive answer to this question, neurotransmitters— the chemical messengers that send information throughout the brain and body—appear to play an important role in the development of schizophrenia symptoms. The brains of individuals with schizophrenia also have less gray matter, which plays an important role in information processing, memory, and evaluating rewards and consequences.

Longer relapses into active phase schizophrenia are associated with greater gray matter loss.