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The life and times of alexander the great

He is one of the greatest military leaders of all time.

Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC)

Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pellathe ancient capital of Macedonia. Macedonia was the northern part of Greece.

Alexander spent his childhood watching his father turn Macedonia into a great military power, and watching him win victory on the battlefields in the Balkans. He left 16 year old Alexander with the power to rule Macedonia in his absence as regent. But as the Macedonian army advanced deep into Thrace, the Thracian tribe of Maedi bordering north-eastern Macedonia rebelled and posed a danger to the country.

Alexander assembled an army, led it against the rebels, and with swift action defeated the Maedi, captured their stronghold, and renamed it Alexandropolis. A meeting of Greek cities made him strategos General or supreme commander. He used this authority to launch his father's military expansion plans.

Alexander the Great

He began series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela.

Afterwards they became allies. India at that time was divided into hundreds of kingdoms. The army refused to cross the Indus and fight the kings on the other side, so Alexander led them out of India. At his death, he was planning a series of campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia.

In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart.

Alexander the Great: Life and Legacy

Several states were then ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander's surviving generals and heirs. They fought and conquered each other. The largest surviving piece was the Seleucid Empire. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization.

Signs of this can be seen in the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD. There were Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the 1920s. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: The nature of Alexander the Great.

The Life and Times of Alexander the Great