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The main principles of the islamic faith according to the koran

It is the embodiment of the code of life, which Allah, the Creator and Lord of the Universe, has revealed for the guidance of mankind. The Meaning of Islam: Islam is an Arabic word which denotes submission, surrender and obedience. As a religion, Islam stands for complete submission and obedience to Allah - that is why it is called Islam. Such a life of obedience brings peace of the heart and establishes real peace in society. As Allah Says what means: He is the Lord of the Universe, which He Alone sustains.

He created man and appointed for each human being a fixed period of life, which he is to spend upon the earth. Allah has prescribed a certain code of life as the the main principles of the islamic faith according to the koran one for him, but has, at the same time, conferred upon man freedom of choice as to whether or not he adopts this code as the actual basis of his life.

One, who chooses to follow the code, revealed by Allah becomes a Muslim believer and one, who refuses to follow it, becomes a Kaafir disbeliever. A man joins the fold of Islam by honestly believing in and professing faith in the Oneness of Allah and the Prophethood of Muhammad may Allah exalt his mention. Both these beliefs are epitomised in the Kalimah Article of Faith: The first part of this Kalimah sentence presents the concept of Tawheed Oneness of God and its second part affirms the Prophethood of Muhammad.

The Bedrock of Islam Tawheed is a concept that was preached by every Prophet of Allah and, thus, constitutes the essence of the teachings of Islam. It means that there is only One Supreme Lord of the Universe.

He is Omnipotent, Omni-present and the Sustainer of the world and of mankind. We witness a superbly flawless plan in the universe - can it be without a Planner? We feel a lofty purpose in physical and human existence - can it be without a Will working behind it?

  • Islam does not believe in asceticism;
  • Islam is not a religion in the common and distorted sense, for it does not confine its scope to one's private life;
  • All of the prophets are representatives of Allah, but they are human beings and their lives are models for mankind.

We find that the universe is like a superbly written, fascinating book - can it be without an Author? Truly, Allah Says what means: Worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous — [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].

It is an important metaphysical concept and answers the riddles of the universe.

Islam: Basic Principles and Characteristics

It points to the supremacy of law in the cosmos, the all-pervading unity behind the manifest diversity. The second part of the Kalimah, on the other hand, signifies that Allah has not left man without any guidance for the conduct of his life.

  1. Wash the face from the forehead to the chin bone and from ear to ear three times.
  2. The Muslim should always cleanse himself by pure water.
  3. It presents a unified view of the world and offers the vision of an integrated universe. It says that Allah is the Creator and the Sovereign, while man is His vicegerent on the earth.

Thus the second basic postulate of Islam is to believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad to accept the religion which he presented and to follow his commands and his example. Every one of them said: So be committed to Allah, heed Him, and obey me.

It is a part of their mission to translate it into practice - in their own lives and in the society they try to reform. All the Prophets are representatives of Allah, but they are human beings and their lives are models for mankind.

Prophet Muhammad is the last Prophet and, as such, the final model for mankind. To believe in him means to accept his authority as representative of the Supreme Ruler and to follow his example in thought and behaviour. This is how the Will of Allah is fulfilled on earth.

The Quran says what means: Thus the basic articles of Islamic faith are three, viz.: Whoever professes these beliefs is a Muslim. And all these concepts are epitomised in the Kalimah: George Bernard Shaw is reported to have said: It is the only religion, which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phases of existence, which can make itself appeal to every age.

I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much-needed peace and happiness: I have prophesised about the main principles of the islamic faith according to the koran faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.

Some of the major characteristics of Islam are given in the following pages. Simplicity, Rationality and Practicality Islam is a religion without any mythology. Its teachings are simple and intelligible. It is free from superstitions and irrational beliefs. The Oneness of Allah, the Prophethood of Muhammad and the concept of Life after Death are the basic articles of its faith. They are based on reason and sound logic. All the teachings of Islam follow from those basic beliefs and are simple and straightforward.

There is no hierarchy of priests, no far-fetched abstractions, no complicated rites and rituals. Everybody may approach the Book of Allah directly and translate its dictates into practice according to the proper understanding of the Quran and Sunnah the way of the Prophet.


Islam awakens in man the faculty of reason and exhorts him to use his intellect. It enjoins him to see things in the light of reality. The Quran advised him to pray what means: Increase me in knowledge. Again, Islam is a practical religion and does not allow indulgence in empty and futile theorising.

It says that faith is not a mere profession of beliefs; it is the very mainspring of life. Unity of Matter and Spirit A unique feature of Islam is that it does not divide life into watertight compartments of matter and spirit.

Basic articles of faith

It stands, not for life-denial, but for life-fulfillment. Islam does not believe in asceticism. It does not ask man to avoid all things material. It holds that spiritual elevation is not to be achieved by living piously in the rough and tumble of life, and not by renouncing the world.

The Quran advises us to pray as follows: Give us in this world [that which is] good and in the Hereafter [that which is] good and protect us from the punishment of the fire. Allah Says what means: It teaches him that moral and material powers must be welded together and spiritual salvation can be achieved by using material resources for the good of man in the service of just ends.

It does not advocate living a life of asceticism by running away from the challenges of life. The world has suffered at the hands of the one-sidedness of many a religion and ideology.

  • He has revealed His guidance through His prophets, and Muhammad was the last prophet;
  • So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him];
  • His Throne includes the hwavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them;
  • Nicholson, in his A Literary History of the Arabs, says;
  • This guidance comes from Allah, Who is free from the limitations of space and time and, as such, the principles of individual and social behavior revealed by Him are based on reality and are eternal;
  • It is a part of their mission to translate it into practice in their own lives and in the society they try to reform.

Some have laid emphasis on the spiritual side of life, but have ignored its material and mundane aspects. They have looked upon the world as an illusion, a deception and a trap.

On the other hand, materialistic ideologies have totally ignored the spiritual and moral side of life and have dismissed it as fictitious and imaginary. Both these attitudes have spelt disaster. They have robbed mankind of peace, contentment and tranquillity. Even today the imbalance is manifest in one or the other direction. A French scientist, Dr. De Brogbi, rightly says: