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Wetland biomes and the creatures and plants living within them

Wetlands Biome What is a Wetland? A Wetland is described by the plant species that live in it. If an area is wet enough for long enough to support a majority of plants that are adapted to wet conditions then you have a wetland.

An example might be a patch of land that is dominated by cattails.

Types of Wetlands

Since cattails are adapted to a life where they are partially submerged by water, then the area would be considered a wetland, even if it is dry for a part of the year. Not all wetlands are restricted to freshwater habitats either.

  • The different vegetation types in a wetland can be divided up into emergents, floating, and submerged plants;
  • Some adaptations of these plants are;
  • Bogs are also one of the stages of succession as a lake fills in.

Many saltwater marshes thrive in the salty coastal zones. Types of Wetlands There are many types of wetlands. Scientists often divide them up into the following groups. Marshes Bogs Fens Marshes are characterized by the presence of soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soils.

These are typically grasses, sedges or rushes. Some common ones include prairie potholes, the expanses of the Everglades, and salt marshes.

  1. Floating plants may be either free-floating or rootedin the soil. Wetland plants are adapted to the saturated conditions that persist for a majority of the year.
  2. The map below shows the distribution of wetland areas in the United States.
  3. Some common ones include prairie potholes, the expanses of the Everglades, and salt marshes. An example might be a patch of land that is dominated by cattails.
  4. Bogs are also one of the stages of succession as a lake fills in. Some plants develop adaptations that allow them to tolerate salt water.
  5. They change all the time so search often.

Swamps are characterized by the domination of woody plants. There are many different kinds of swamps including the cypress swamps of Louisiana, Red Maple swamps in the Northeast and the Mangrove forests of tropical and subtropical regions.

What is a Wetland?

Bogs are distinctive wetlands that are low in nutrients and often contain very acidic water and extensive peat deposits. Bogs are also one of the stages of succession as a lake fills in. Fens are different from bogs in that they receive their water supply from either runoff or groundwater not rainfall. This usually results in a different water chemistry.

Wetlands Biome

Fens have either neutral or alkaline waters and are typically not stages in lake succession. Where are Wetlands Found? Wetlands are found all over the world, within almost every terrestrial biome from deserts to alpine tundra.

The map below shows the distribution of wetland areas in the United States. Notice the abundance of wetland areas in the Southeast, the Mississippi river system and in the northern states of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Plants in a Wetland Plants that are adapted to moist and humid conditions such as those found in wetlands are called hydrophytes.

  1. This is a no-brainer, but we might as well remind you.
  2. Scientists often divide them up into the following groups.
  3. Bogs are also one of the stages of succession as a lake fills in. Types of Wetlands There are many types of wetlands.
  4. There are four beakers containing water and a plant. An example is duckweed Submergent plants grow completely under the surface of the water.
  5. Some adaptations of these plants are. The different vegetation types in a wetland can be divided up into emergents, floating, and submerged plants.

These include cattails, water lilies, bulltongue, sedges, tamarisk, and many kinds of rush. Wetland plants are adapted to the saturated conditions that persist for a majority of the year. The different vegetation types in a wetland can be divided up into emergents, floating, and submerged plants.

An Invasive Wetland Plant: Hydrilla For the species profile of a wetland plant we decided to pick hydrilla. It is an extremely competitive invader that we have only recently found ways to control. Of particular interest, there is a small fly larvae that eats through hydrilla. How you can help Save Wetlands This may or may not come as a surprise, but Wetlands have been reported to be the most threatened ecosystem in the world today.

People often see wetlands as wastelands and non-productive land, and these valuable regions are filled in and destroyed. So what can you do?

  • Since cattails are adapted to a life where they are partially submerged by water, then the area would be considered a wetland, even if it is dry for a part of the year;
  • Emergent plants are erect plants that are rooted in sediment but extend out of the water.

Volunteer your Vacation to Save a Wetland: Go to the webpage and search wetlands. They change all the time so search often. You give your money to them, and they pick the most qualified conservation initiatives to help fund.

Join a Wetland Monitoring Group: The Izaak Walton League can help set you up with a local group. Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle: This is a no-brainer, but we might as well remind you.

  • What has happened to these plants?
  • Why do you think that plant remains healthy even though it is in salty water?
  • Many saltwater marshes thrive in the salty coastal zones;
  • What has happened to these plants?

Everything you can do to reduce your trash will trickle down to less waste in our waterways, including wetlands. Be creative, and explore your own wetlands.

Find something that you can do like setting up bird shelters, picking up trash, or just monitoring a wetland month to month. Choose one of the following categories to see related pages: