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Where does the thesis go in a conclusion

But, extravagant comparisons aside, what we mean here is that the core purpose of an essay conclusion can be compared to the end of any great speech, monologue or presentation that leaves you feeling something. Ultimately, when you conclude an essay, you want to engage the reader's emotions, whether they be excitement, surprise, contemplation, or a mix of these and more. And you want to do this in much the same way that Martin Luther King would have done with his captivated audience on that memorable day in 1963.

Conclusions are among the hardest parts of an essay to write well. You need to round off your essay effectively. You need to leave your reader with the best possible impression of your work.

Learn about the elements of a successful essay conclusion.

And, you need to somehow recap all your central points without simply repeating yourself. Sound like a tricky balancing act? We explain it all in more depth below — read on for our tips on how to conclude an essay effectively. How do I conclude an essay? What is a conclusion? A conclusion is so much more, and a lot hinges on how well it is done.

  1. In 1968, the Production Code was replaced with a rating system designed to keep younger audiences away from films with high levels of sex or violence.
  2. The results astounded them.
  3. In 1968, the Production Code was replaced with a rating system designed to keep younger audiences away from films with high levels of sex or violence. John Updike's Trust Me is a valuable novel for a college syllabus because it allows the reader to become familiar with his writing and provides themes that are easily connected to other works.

OK then, how do I avoid concluding an essay badly? Every university instructor has encountered an essay where a student has copied and pasted, almost word-for-word, their introduction at the bottom of their essay. You're just eating up words by repeating the same information over again.

You could just end with your final body paragraph argument. Another common trap students fall into is to view the conclusion simply as a recap. If a conclusion is neither simply a recap of old information nor a place for new information, what is it, exactly? A conclusion is a sales pitch! The conclusion to an essay is the most purely rhetorical part of the entire piece.

An essay conclusion needs to use rhetoric to emotionally connect with the reader in some way. And this is done through the use of certain language and the way the information is presented.

If alarm bells are starting to ring at the mention of rhetoric, quiet them.

  • Still, the present thesis is not as ambitious as the third one, whose writer implicitly accepted the general argument for safeguarding rights an acceptance he would need to justify and then took the additional step of evaluating the merits of those arguments in relation to each other;
  • These can always be fixed later;
  • Now we will put these principles into practice;
  • Give a list of the major arguments for your thesis usually, these are the topic sentences of the parts of your essay.

Rhetoric gets a bad name in public discourse. And those are the last things you want your reader to take away from reading your essay! But rhetoric is one of the oldest scholarly disciplines in the world. In Classical societies — and in fact right up to the beginning of the twentieth century — it was considered one of the most important disciplines throughout Western society. More importantly, your rhetorical skills can make a huge difference to whether your reader actually buys your argument.

One is skilled in rhetoric; the other less so. Both could make an identical set of arguments with the same supporting evidence and elicit entirely different responses in their readers. It could cause them to think your essay is more about style than substance. But the subtler cues — in the way you phrase, structure, and present your arguments — can unquestionably make the difference between winning over a sceptical audience and leaving them unmoved.

That company is trying to sell waterfront properties in a desirable holiday location — the Caribbean, say. Your audience is a set of moderately well-off individuals who regularly take expensive holidays.

It could easily take a couple of hours or more to list the features of the property, the merits of the where does the thesis go in a conclusion, and the financial arrangements that will allow buyers to fund their purchase. But your customers will also want to know other details: What kind of returns will that bring, and will these be enough to offset the purchase price?

How are properties taxed in the area? And how about the facilities the local authority will provide? What kind of sanitation and waste facilities does the property have? Is it connected to a sewer or does it use a septic tank? Dwelling on any of the details is likely to remind them that buying and owning property is time-consuming, expensive, and stressful.

The impression you want to leave them with is that of having their very own place in the sun. Sun on their backs, sand between their toes, and a crystal-clear blue ocean stretching out ahead of them.

Tips on Writing a Thesis Statement

So how does this help me conclude an essay? OK, we get it. But what the above analogy describes is rhetoric. In an essay, you are making a pitch. And the same principles as the property sales example above apply. Your essay conclusion is your parting shot. Best of all, though, is if you leave them with a feeling of excitement.

Excitement that your essay promises a new way of thinking about a topic, or a promising line of intellectual inquiry. The scholarly equivalent of feeling sand between their toes, in other words.

My five-paragraph essay has to be exciting? How do you propose I manage that? But academia is all about the collaborative generation of knowledge.

Essay Conclusions

And even first-year undergraduate students can offer an original take on a subject that causes their instructors to think about a topic in a new way. They must end knowing more than they did at the start. The same applies for five-paragraph essays. This essay explores how Shakespeare uses the formal structure of the sonnet, together with small but significant variations in the meter, and the conceit of the changing seasons, to explore these themes.

Sonnet 18 explores the themes of love, ageing, and art through the extended metaphor of the changing seasons. Better essay conclusion recaps on central points and makes some attempt to draw them together: In Sonnet 18, Shakespeare explores the themes of love, ageing, and art through the extended metaphor of the changing seasons.

Shakespeare uses both the meter and structure of the sonnet to maximise the effectiveness of this metaphor. Metrical variations like the spondaic substitution at the start of the third line maximise the drama of this metaphor. Best essay conclusion recaps central points but makes the key links between them explicit and gestures towards broader implications: Each of the above essay conclusions could apply to the same basic thesis statement and three body where does the thesis go in a conclusion, but they would have radically different effects on the overall way a reader interprets the value of these arguments.

Our first example simply restates the thesis without displaying any significant development. The points made in the three body paragraphs are simply presented in the conclusion as a list.

How to write a captivating conclusion to your essay

This creates an overall effect of disjointedness often a major problem for five-paragraph essays. The second example demonstrates the bare minimum a reader should expect from a conclusion. It creates a sense of development through the essay by revisiting some of the detail of the body paragraphs and attempting to draw links between them.

It groups together the various body paragraph arguments into a single unifying theme. What makes this conclusion example really stand out from the other two is its sense of balance between recap and sales pitch. The effect on a mundane, humdrum five-paragraph essay is quite transformative. The essay conclusion takes the contents of a fairly bog-standard, elementary literary-critical argument and makes them seem exciting and relevant.

  1. Ultimately, when you conclude an essay, you want to engage the reader's emotions, whether they be excitement, surprise, contemplation, or a mix of these and more. You're just eating up words by repeating the same information over again.
  2. Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of bee such as bumblebees , are able to live through the winter. Roosevelt said that we have nothing to fear but fear itself.
  3. But such intellectual risks pay dividends, and if you become involved enough in your work to make challenging assertions, you will provoke challenging responses that enliven classroom discussions. If the reporter wants to use this sentence in an article, he or she needs to identify the pronoun.
  4. Looking to the future can emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process.
  5. She is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. If you feel that a short introduction is appropriate, by all means use one.

But if you conclude an essay with the right sales pitch you can make even fairly elementary arguments sparkle! Do pull it all together. If you include one new thing in your introduction, make it an explicit theme that unifies all of your points and convinces your reader that your essay is a single, flowing, logical unit. The conclusion to an essay is the one place where you get to bend the rules just a little bit.

But you should be aiming to excite your reader.

  • More job opportunities for teens, especially those funded by state and local programs, would offer income for teens as well as productive work for the community;
  • Various people associated with the university admit that the pressures of athleticism have caused a relaxation of standards;
  • Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930;
  • How do you choose among the three?
  • Even if there is no natural way to begin, you are generally in better psychological shape to write the introduction after the major task of writing is behind you and you know exactly what you're leading up to.

This is especially true if your essay is short. Need a little extra help with your essay writing? You're in the right place. We can connect you with an expert academic specialising in your subject area, and they can write you a bespoke essay tailored to your exact requirements for you to use as a guide in your own writing.

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  • It is the last statement a reader will encounter before turning from your work;
  • This is largely a matter of personal or corporate style;
  • Robert Hutchins, a former president of the University of Chicago, asserts that "a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.